Geography        0  1620 reads

1) Natural geography
 

Area > Comparative
more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Area > Comparative to US places
more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Area > Land 1,001 sq km [178th of 238]
Area > Land (per capita) 4.855 sq km per 1,000 people [173rd of 227]
Area > Total 1,001 sq km [188th of 250]
Area > Total (per capita) 4.855 sq km per 1,000 people [179th of 231]
Area > Water 0 sq km [229th of 239]
Area > Water (per capita) 0 sq km per million people [152nd of 225]
Capital city with population Sao Tome - 43,420
Climate
tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Coastline 209 km [151st of 271]
Elevation extremes > Highest point Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m
Elevation extremes > Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Forested Land 28.3% [93rd of 193]
Geographic coordinates 1 00 N, 7 00 E

Geography > Note
the smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are mountainous

Irrigated land 100 sq km [137th of 196]
Irrigated land (per capita) 669.21 sq km per million people [34th of 167]
Land area > sq. km 960 km² [174th of 206]
Land area > sq. km (per capita) 6.133 km² per 1,000 people [150th of 206]
Land use > Arable land 8.33% [121st of 258]
Land use > Other 42.71% [238th of 258]
Land use > Permanent crops 48.96% [2nd of 258]
Largest city Sao Tome
Largest city population 57,000 [151st of 174]
Largest city population (per capita) 0.304 per capita [30th of 174]
Largest city with population Sao Tome - 43,420

Location
Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

Map references
Africa
Maritime claims
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Maritime claims > Exclusive economic zone 200 nautical mile [97th of 123]
Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile [156th of 191]
Natural resources fish, hydropower
northernmost point > Latitude 01°25'N
Population density 154.88 people per sqkm [65th of 256]
Population density > people per sq. km 163.04 people/m² [55th of 204]
Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land 818.88 people/km² of arable lan [25th of 188]
Surface area > sq. km 960 km² [174th of 206]
Surface area > sq. km (per capita) 6.133 km² per 1,000 people [150th of 207]
tallest mountains > Mountain Pico de Sao Tome
Terrain volcanic, mountainous


 

SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; FAO; World Development Indicators database; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of countries by northernmost point ; Heal The World Foundation.; Wikipedia: List of tallest mountains by country

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Tome e Principe , sao toma & prancipe, sao toma e prancipe, Sao Tome & Principe, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé & Principe, São Tomé and Príncipe


Environment
 

 

Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 1.01 % of GNI [34th of 179]
Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.1 % of GNI [135th of 165]
CO2 Emissions 100 [172nd of 178]
CO2 Emissions (per capita) 0.533589 per 1,000 people [128th of 176]
CO2 emissions > kt 91.57 kt [192nd of 195]
CO2 emissions > kt (per capita) 0.613 kt per 1,000 people [144th of 196]
CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating 2.5 [66th of 75]
Current issues
deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion
Forest area > % of land area 28.12 % of land area [104th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km 270 km² [170th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km (per capita) 1,724.986 km² per 1,000 people [119th of 195]
Groundwater withdrawals 0 [110th of 188]
International agreements > Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements > Signed but not ratified
none of the selected agreements
PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter 47.95 mcg/m³ [65th of 185]
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 24 [187th of 199]
Threatened species 16 [108th of 158]


 

SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; ; Gregg Marland, Tom Boden, and Bob Andres, University of North Dakota, via net publication; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Tome e Principe , sao toma & prancipe, sao toma e prancipe, Sao Tome & Principe, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé & Principe, São Tomé and Príncipe



2) Human geography

Age distribution

São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 1990
Age and sex distribution for the year 1990



São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 1995
Age and sex distribution for the year 1995


São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 2000
Age and sex distribution for the year 2000



São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 2003
Age and sex distribution for the year 2003



São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 2005
Age and sex distribution for the year 2005



São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 2010
Age and sex distribution for the year 2010


São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 2020
Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020



São Tomé and Príncipe Population Pyramid for 2050
Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050




Source
US Census Bureau July 17, 2003

Labor

CPIA building human resources rating 2.5 [67th of 75]
Firing cost > weeks of wages 91 weeks of wages [24th of 164]
force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 31.74 % [172nd of 184]
force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 77.61 % [129th of 184]
force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 54.25 % [176th of 184]
force, female > % of total labor force 29.25 % [166th of 184]
force, total 49,167.46 [181st of 184]
force, total (per capita) 0.314 per capita [178th of 184]
Labor force > By occupation
population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; note: shortages of skilled workers
Labor force > By occupation > Note
population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; shortages of skilled workers
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Date May 4, 2005
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 14 [115th of 146]
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date June 17, 1992
Rigidity of employment index 67 [9th of 166]
Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 17.8 % [13th of 95]
Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 12.5 % [18th of 95]
Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 14.4 % [16th of 101]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ 1,000,000 $ [145th of 149]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP) 14.17 $ per $1,000 of GDP [36th of 166]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita) 6.389 $ per 1,000 people [95th of 167]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ 1,000,000 $ [154th of 156]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP) 14.17 $ per $1,000 of GDP [77th of 165]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita) 6.389 $ per capita [134th of 167]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ 644,500 BoP $ [111st of 115]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP) 12,033.02 BoP $ per $1 million of [56th of 142]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita) 4,414.867 BoP $ per 1,000 people [86th of 143]


 

SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973 ; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Tome e Principe , sao toma & prancipe, sao toma e prancipe, Sao Tome & Principe, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé & Principe, São Tomé and Príncipe


People

 

African countries by population density > area 1,001 [53rd of 56]
African countries by population density > pop. dens. 170 [8th of 56]
African countries by population density > population 170,372 [54th of 56]
Age dependency ratio > dependents to working-age population 0.78 [46th of 185]
Age structure > 0-14 years 47.5 % [5th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years 47.6 [5th of 226]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 47,941 [172nd of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 47.1% [4th of 227]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 49,196 [172nd of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years 48.6 [226th of 226]
Age structure > 15-64 years 48.8 % [224th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 52,324 [186th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 49.3% [219th of 227]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 49,326 [186th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over 3.8 % [150th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 4,041 [195th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 3.6% [161st of 227]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 3,350 [193rd of 225]
Birth rate 39.12 births/1,000 population [23rd of 226]
Child Protection > Birth registration, % of rural 67 [22nd of 52]
Child Protection > Birth registration, % of total 70 [29th of 56]
Child Protection > Birth registration, % of urban 73 [30th of 52]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of female 13 [33rd of 46]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of male 15 [34th of 46]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of poorest 20% 17 [34th of 43]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of richest 20% 12 [27th of 43]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of rural 15 [35th of 42]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of total 14 [34th of 46]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of urban 13 [25th of 42]
Chinese population 100 [108th of 127]
    Chinese population (per capita) 53.359 per 100,000 people [65th of 126]
CPIA social protection rating 2.5 [61st of 75]
Death rate 5.98 deaths/1,000 population [163rd of 226]
Ethnic groups
mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
Female population > Age 10-14 12,756 [178th of 224]
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 6.6 [9th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 10,446 [182nd of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.4 [68th of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 8,510 [185th of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.4 [111st of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 7,284 [186th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.77 [121st of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 5,784 [189th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 2.99 [187th of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 4,122 [190th of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 2.13 [211st of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 3,798 [190th of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 1.96 [200th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 3,109 [193rd of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.61 [208th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 2,433 [193rd of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.26 [210th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 1,767 [195th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 0.91 [215th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 1,408 [195th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.73 [210th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 1,403 [194th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.73 [166th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 1,098 [194th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.57 [153rd of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 775 [196th of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.4 [148th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 697 [196th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.36 [134th of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 13,049 [178th of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 6.75 [7th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 10,617 [182nd of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.49 [64th of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 8,599 [184th of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.45 [116th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 7,366 [186th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.81 [133rd of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 5,546 [189th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 2.87 [215th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 3,718 [194th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 1.92 [223rd of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 3,160 [195th of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 1.63 [220th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 2,415 [200th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.25 [217th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 1,721 [201st of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 0.89 [220th of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 1,319 [203rd of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 0.68 [220th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 1,170 [199th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.6 [209th of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 1,298 [193rd of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.67 [157th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 967 [194th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.5 [151st of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 602 [197th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.31 [153rd of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 501 [194th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.26 [129th of 224]
Median age > Female 16.9 years [212nd of 224]
Median age > Male 15.8 years [217th of 224]
Median age > Total 16.3 years [218th of 224]
Nationality > Adjective Sao Tomean  
Nationality > Noun Sao Tomean(s)  
Percentage living in rural areas. 62% [52nd of 193]
Percentage living in urban areas 38% [146th of 199]
Population 206,178 [185th of 242]
Population > CIA Factbook 206,178 [185th of 240]
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 39.48 % [50th of 185]
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 56.26 % [137th of 185]
Population ages 65 and above > % of total 4.27 % [109th of 185]
Population growth > annual % 2.3 annual % [38th of 195]
Population growth rate 3.116% [14th of 235]
Population in 2015 192 [183rd of 225]
Population, female > % of total 50.5 % [86th of 190]
Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 14 May 1991 a  
Rural population 65,739.66 [173rd of 193]
    Rural population (per capita) 0.42 per capita [101st of 194]
Rural population growth > annual % 0.13 annual % [113rd of 193]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.94 [195th of 223]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.94 male(s)/female [197th of 224]
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.83 male(s)/female [81st of 223]
Sex ratio > At birth 1.03 male(s)/female [201st of 223]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > 15–65 0.94 [190th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > at birth 1.03 [179th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > over 65 0.85 [68th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > total 0.98 [126th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > under 15 1.03 [161st of 215]
Sex ratio > Total population 0.98 male(s)/female [136th of 224]
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.03 male(s)/female [163rd of 224]
Total fertility rate 5.43 children born/woman [21st of 225]
Total Population 193,413 [186th of 227]
Total population > Age 10-14 25,805 [177th of 224]
Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 13.34 [9th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 21,063 [182nd of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 10.89 [64th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 17,109 [185th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 8.85 [112nd of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 14,650 [185th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 7.57 [129th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 11,330 [190th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 5.86 [205th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 7,840 [193rd of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 4.05 [222nd of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 6,958 [193rd of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.6 [212nd of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 5,524 [196th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 2.86 [217th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 4,154 [198th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.15 [218th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 3,086 [198th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.6 [219th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 2,578 [196th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.33 [210th of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 2,701 [192nd of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.4 [164th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 2,065 [195th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.07 [150th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 1,377 [196th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.71 [149th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 1,198 [195th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.62 [134th of 224]
Total Population > Female 97,936 [184th of 227]
Total Population > Male 95,477 [187th of 227]
Urban population 90,783.34 [177th of 195]
    Urban population (per capita) 0.58 per capita [94th of 196]
Urban population growth > annual % 3.9 annual % [31st of 195]
Urbanization 48 [126th of 204]
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 91 [53rd of 133]
Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 29 [129th of 170]
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 109 [40th of 173]
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 79 [106th of 172]


 

SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of African countries by population density ; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNICEF; University Libraries, Ohio University; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center ; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; World Development Indicators database and CIA World Factbook; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; Wikipedia: Sex ratio ; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002)

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Tome e Principe , sao toma & prancipe, sao toma e prancipe, Sao Tome & Principe, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé & Principe, São Tomé and Príncipe

Mortality
 

Death rate, crude > per 1,000 people 8.32 per 1,000 people [88th of 195]
rate, adult, female > per 1,000 female adults 146.99 per 1,000 female adults [75th of 185]
rate, adult, male > per 1,000 male adults 194.45 per 1,000 male adults [91st of 185]
rate, infant > per 1,000 live births 75 per 1,000 live births [41st of 187]
rate, under-5 > per 1,000 118 per 1,000 [38th of 187]
 

SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Tome e Principe , sao toma & prancipe, sao toma e prancipe, Sao Tome & Principe, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé & Principe, São Tomé and Príncipe

Immigration
 

immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population 4.459 [85th of 195]
immigrant population > Number of immigrants 7,000 [174th of 195]
immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world >0.01%
International migration stock > % of population 4.79 % [92nd of 205]
International migration stock, total 7,499 [187th of 205]
Net migration -2,000 [73rd of 180]
Net migration (per capita) -12.778 per 1 million people [138th of 185]
Net migration rate -1.97 migrant(s)/1,000 populati [131st of 225]
Refugees > Convention on refugees 1 Feb 1978 a
US visa lottery winners 0 US visa lottery winners [170th of 178]
US visa lottery winners (per capita) 0 US visa lottery winners [170th of 176]


 

SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of countries by immigrant population ; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations Treaty Collection; US Department of State: Bureau of Consular Affairs

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Tome e Principe , sao toma & prancipe, sao toma e prancipe, Sao Tome & Principe, São Tomé and Principe, São Tomé & Principe, São Tomé and Príncipe

 

 

 

 

 

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