Politics        0  373 reads

1) Government

 

Administrative divisions
9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao); Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali; note - Bolama may have been renamed Bolama/Bijagos

Capital city

Bissau

Capital city > Geographic coordinates

11 51 N, 15 35 W

Capital city > Name

Bissau

Capital city > Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution
16 May 1984; amended 4 May 1991, 4 December 1991, 26 February 1993, 9 June 1993, and in 1996

countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection

Berne, TRIPS

CPIA equity of public resource use rating

3

[57th of 75]

CPIA quality of public administration rating

2.5

[55th of 75]

Diplomatic representation from the US
the US Embassy suspended operations on 14 June 1998 in the midst of violent conflict between forces loyal to then President VIEIRA and military-led junta; the US Ambassador to Senegal is accredited to Guinea-Bissau

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
none; note - Guinea-Bissau does not have official representation in Washington, DC

Elections > Head of state

Direct election

Executive branch > Chief of state
President Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA (since 1 October 2005)

Executive branch > Election results
Joao Bernardo VIEIRA elected president; percent of vote, second ballot - Joao Bernardo VIEIRA 52.4%, Malam Bacai SANHA 47.6%

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 24 July 2005 (next to be held in 2010); prime minister appointed by the president after consultation with party leaders in the legislature

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Carlos CORREIA (since 5 August 2008)

Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Flag modification

24

[53rd of 197]

Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment

October 19, 1995

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition

March 15, 1976

General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth

4 %

[48th of 147]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

24,301,030 constant 2000 US$

[113rd of 145]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

15.319 constant 2000 US$ per c

[111st of 146]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU

171194600

General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU

28900000000

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

54,789,840 $

[140th of 169]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.182 $ per $1 of GDP

[48th of 184]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

34.538 $ per capita

[125th of 184]

Government type

republic

Independence
24 September 1973 (declared); 10 September 1974 (from Portugal)

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, CPLP, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal da Justica (consists of nine justices appointed by the president and serve at his pleasure; final court of appeals in criminal and civil cases); Regional Courts (one in each of nine regions; first court of appeals for Sectoral Court decisions; hear all felony cases and civil cases valued at more than $1,000); 24 Sectoral Courts (judges are not necessarily trained lawyers; they hear civil cases valued at less than $1,000 and misdemeanor criminal cases)

Legal system
based on French civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Legislative branch
unicameral National People's Assembly or Assembleia Nacional Popular (100 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - PAIGC 31.5%, PRS 24.8%, PUSD 16.1%, UE 4.1%, APU 1.3%, 13 other parties 22.2%; seats by party - PAIGC 45, PRS 35, PUSD 17, UE 2, APU 1

Legislative branch > Elections
last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held 16 November 2008)

Management time dealing with officials > % of management time

2.87 %

[24th of 38]

National holiday
Independence Day, 24 September

Parliamentary seats > Female

10%

[65th of 143]

Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

4.98 %

[11th of 38]

political parties > Multi party

Political parties and leaders
African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde or PAIGC [Carlos GOMES Junior]; Party for Social Renewal or PRS [Kumba YALA]; Democratic Social Front or FDS; Electoral Union or UE; Guinea-Bissau Civic Forum/Social Democracy or FCGSD [Antonieta Rosa GOMES]; Guinea-Bissau Democratic Party or PDG; Guinea-Bissau Socialist Democratic Party or PDSG [Serifo BALDE]; Labor and Solidarity Party or PST [Iancuba INDJAI]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Victor MANDINGA]; Party for Renewal and Progress or PRP; Progress Party or PP [Ibrahima SOW]; Union for Change or UM [Amine SAAD]; Union of Guinean Patriots or UPG [Francisca VAZ]; United Platform or UP (coalition formed by PCD, FDS, FLING, and RGB-MB); United Popular Alliance or APU; United Social Democratic Party or PUSD

Prime minister

Aristides Gomes

Procedures to build a warehouse > number

11

[153rd of 168]

Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

6.934 per 1 million people

[44th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number

40

[54th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

25.215 per 1 million people

[33rd of 171]

Procedures to register property > number

9

[16th of 167]

Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

5,673.423 per 1 billion people

[27th of 167]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

14 %

[89th of 174]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number

17

[4th of 171]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

10.716 per 1 million people

[27th of 171]

Status
democracy

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Time required to build a warehouse > days

161 days

[101st of 168]

Time required to enforce a contract > days

1,140 days

[12th of 171]

Time required to register property > days

211 days

[17th of 167]

Time required to start a business > days

233 days

[2nd of 171]

Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

208 hours

[101st of 169]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
in 2006, political instability within Senegal's Casamance region resulted in thousands of Senegalese refugees, cross-border raids, and arms smuggling into Guinea-Bissau

UN membership date

17 Sep. 1974

United Nations mission
http;//www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5454.htm


SOURCES All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia; List of countries' copyright length ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia; Elections by country ; Flagspot; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia; List of political parties ; Wikipedia; Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Guinea-Bissau, Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Republica da Guine-Bissau, Guine-Bissau


Democracy
 

Civil and political liberties

2.5

[85th of 140]

CPIA gender equality rating

3

[48th of 75]

CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average

2.8

[62nd of 75]

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating

2.5

[53rd of 75]

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average

2.6

[62nd of 75]

CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating

2.5

[55th of 75]

Electoral system

party list

Electoral system type

proportional

Female candidacy

1,977

[5th of 161]

Female ministers

17.6%

[44th of 125]

Female parliamentarians

7.8%

[117th of 157]

Female suffrage

1977

First female parliamentarian

1972 (appointed)

Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment

0.669280604444345

[175th of 183]

Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout

80%

[44th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Total vote

402,400

[120th of 154]

Parliamentary elections > Turnout

129.1

[1st of 117]

Parliamentary elections > Voter registration

503,007

[117th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population

311,674

[132nd of 163]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita)

220.576 per 1,000 people

[160th of 162]

Presidential elections > Invalid votes

3.5%

[16th of 61]

Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout

71.9%

[44th of 86]

Presidential elections > Total vote

361,609

[78th of 87]

Presidential elections > Turnout

116

[1st of 82]

Presidential elections > Voter registration

503,007

[77th of 86]

Presidential elections > Voting age population

311,674

[85th of 91]

Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita)

220.576 per 1,000 people

[91st of 91]

Vote counting technology

manual


SOURCES Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York; Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source; Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Guinea-Bissau, Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Republica da Guine-Bissau, Guine-Bissau

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