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1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
11 regions (regions, singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor
Administrative divisions > A note
there may be another region called Matam
Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador Anna-Liisa Korhonen
Ambassadors from Israel > Current Israeli Ambassadors > Embassy > Website Dakar
Ambassadors from Israel > Current Israeli Ambassadors > Israeli Ambassador Gideon Behar
Ambassadors from the United States > Other senior diplomatic representatives > Ambassador Robert P. Jackson
Ambassadors from the United States > Other senior diplomatic representatives > Title Chargé d’Affaires
Capital city Dakar
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 14 40 N, 17 26 W
Capital city > Name Dakar
Capital city > Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Constitution adopted 7 January 2001
Corruption 3.2 [82nd of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection Berne, TRIPS
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3.5 [43rd of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 3.5 [6th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Marcia S. BERNICAT
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
Avenue Jean XXIII at the corner of Rue Kleber, Dakar
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [221] 33-822-2991
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address B. P. 49, Dakar
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [221] 33-829-2100
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2112 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Amadou Lamine BA
Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general Houston, New York
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 332-6315
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 234-0540
Elections > Head of state Direct election
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address 57 Marlborough Avenue
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood Sandy Hill
Executive branch > Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Executive branch > Chief of state
President Abdoulaye WADE (since 1 April 2000)

Executive branch > Election results
Abdoulaye WADE reelected president in the first round of voting; percent of vote - Abdoulaye WADE 55.9%, Idrissa SECK 14.9%, Ousmane Tanor DIENG 13.6%, Moustapha NIASSE 5.9%, other 9.7%

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term) under new constitution; election last held on 25 February 2007 (next to be held in 2012); prime minister appointed by the president

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Cheikh Hadjibou SOUMARE (since 19 June 2007)

Flag description
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Flag modification 20 [75th of 197]
Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment October 1, 1997
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 3.67 % [52nd of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ 858,453,400 constant 2000 US$ [82nd of 145]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 73.635 constant 2000 US$ per c [86th of 146]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 408356900000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 589651200000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 1,117,890,000 $ [96th of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.136 $ per $1 of GDP [83rd of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 95.889 $ per capita [108th of 184]
Government type republic
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom Peter Newall
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom > Resident Heads of Missions > Type Embassy

Independence
4 April 1960 (from France); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, CPLP (associate), ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Constitutional Court; Council of State; Court of Final Appeals or Cour de Cassation; Court of Appeals

Legal origin
French

Legal system
based on French civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court; the Council of State audits the government's accounting office; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; 90 members elected by direct popular vote with the remaining members elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms) and the Senate reinstituted in 2007 (100 seats; 35 indirectly elected with the remaining 65 members to be appointed by the president)

Legislative branch > A note
the former National Assembly, dissolved in the spring of 2001, had 140 seats

Legislative branch > Election results
National Assembly results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SOPI Coalition 131, other 19; Senate results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDS 34, AJ/PADS 1, 65 appointed by the president

Legislative branch > Elections
National Assembly - last held on 3 June 2007 (next to be held 2012); note - the National Assembly in December 2005 voted to postpone legislative elections originally scheduled for 2006; legislative elections were first rescheduled to coincide with the 25 February 2007 presidential elections and later rescheduled for 3 June 2007; the June election was boycotted by 12 opposition parties, including the former ruling Socialist Party, that resulted in a record-low, 35-percent voter turnout; Senate - last held 19 August 2007 (next to be held - NA)

Legislative branch > Note
the former National Assembly had 120 seats, but deputies in late 2006 voted to expand the number of seats to 140

Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 3.21 % [17th of 38]
National holiday Independence Day, 4 April
Parliamentary seats > Female 12% [49th of 143]
Partners in Population and Development > Representatives > Name H.E. Mr. Abdou Fall
Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 30.53 % [11th of 38]
political parties > Multi party

Political parties and leaders
African Party of Independence [Majhemout DIOP]; And-Jef/African Party for Democracy and Socialism or AJ/PADS [Landing SAVANE]; Alliance of Forces of Progress or AFP [Moustapha NIASSE]; Democratic League-Labor Party Movement or LD-MPT [Dr. Abdoulaye BATHILY]; Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubel or FSD/BJ [Cheikh Abdoulaye Bamba DIEYE]; Gainde Centrist Bloc or BGC [Jean-Paul DIAS]; Independence and Labor Party or PIT [Amath DANSOKHO]; Jef-Jel [Talla SYLLA]; National Democratic Rally or RND [Madior DIOUF]; People's Labor Party or PTP [Elhadji DIOUF]; Reform Party or PR [Abdourahim AGNE]; Senegalese Democratic Party or PDS [Abdoulaye WADE]; Socialist Party or PS [Ousmane Tanor DIENG]; SOPI Coalition [Abdoulaye WADE] (a coalition led by the PDS); Union for Democratic Renewal or URD [Djibo Leyti KA]

Political pressure groups and leaders
labor; Sufi brotherhoods, including the Mourides and Tidjanes; students; teachers

Political pressure groups and leaders > Other
labor; students; Sufi brotherhoods, including the Mourides and Tidjanes; teachers

Prime minister Macky Sall
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 15 [103rd of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 1.287 per 1 million people [112nd of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 33 [85th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 2.831 per 1 million people [100th of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 6 [97th of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 514.661 per 1 billion people [94th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 19.2 % [62nd of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 10 [82nd of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 0.858 per 1 million people [99th of 171]
Status
democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 185 days [82nd of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 780 days [26th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 114 days [37th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 58 days [38th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 696 hours [15th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 3 years [79th of 151]
Total businesses registered > number 2,488 [69th of 71]
Total businesses registered > number (per capita) 0.224 per 1 million people [68th of 83]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau attempt to stem separatist violence, cross border raids, and arms smuggling into their countries from Senegal's Casamance region, and in 2006, respectively accepted 6,000 and 10,000 Casamance residents fleeing the conflict; 2,500 Guinea-Bissau residents fled into Senegal in 2006 to escape armed confrontations along the border

UN membership date 28 Sep. 1960
United Nations mission
http://www.un.int/senegal/
Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Kalorama Heights


 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; Wikipedia: Ambassadors from Israel ; Wikipedia: Ambassadors from the United States ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Transparency International; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Elections by country ; Wikipedia: List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia: Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: Partners in Population and Development ; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; Wikipedia: Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Senegal, Republic of Senegal, Republique du Senegal

Democracy
 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 6.77 [17th of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 6.64 [35th of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 7.75 [25th of 119]
Civil and political liberties 3.5 [71st of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 3.5 [45th of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.4 [33rd of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3.5 [21st of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 3.6 [13th of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 3 [38th of 75]
Electoral system parallel: party block
Electoral system type semi-proportional
Female candidacy 1,945 [100th of 161]
Female ministers 8.6% [86th of 125]
Female parliamentarians 19.2% [37th of 157]
Female suffrage 1945
First female parliamentarian 1963 (elected)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.965798605489627 [86th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes
Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes 1.1% [88th of 110]
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 39.3% [148th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 1,243,030 [96th of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 27.5 [107th of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 3,164,830 [81st of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 4,513,760 [73rd of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 385.594 per 1,000 people [139th of 162]
Presidential elections > Turnout 0 [83rd of 82]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 4,539,960 [45th of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 387.832 per 1,000 people [75th of 91]
Vote counting technology manual


 

SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Senegal, Republic of Senegal, Republique du Senegal

 

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