Geography        0  363 reads

1) Natural Geography

Geography
 

Area > Comparative
slightly larger than Alaska

Area > Comparative to US places
slightly larger than Alaska

Area > Land

1,759,540 sq km

[17th of 238]

Area > Land (per capita)

285.011 sq km per 1,000 people

[12th of 227]

Area > Total

1,759,540 sq km

[23rd of 250]

Area > Total (per capita)

285.011 sq km per 1,000 people

[13th of 231]

Area > Water

0 sq km

[192nd of 239]

Area > Water (per capita)

0 sq km per million people

[184th of 225]

Capital city with population

Tripoli - 495,781

Climate
Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

Coastline

1,770 km

[71st of 271]

Elevation extremes > Highest point

Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

Elevation extremes > Lowest point

Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m

Forested Land

0.2%

[191st of 193]

Geographic coordinates

25 00 N, 17 00 E

Geography > Note
more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert

Irrigated land

4,700 sq km

[58th of 196]

Irrigated land (per capita)

835.012 sq km per million people

[22nd of 167]

Land area > sq. km

1,759,540 km²

[16th of 206]

Land area > sq. km (per capita)

300.599 km² per 1,000 people

[9th of 206]

land border lengths > J-L > Number of neighbours

6

[1st of 16]

land border lengths > J-L > Total Borders

4,348 km

[3rd of 16]

Land boundaries > Border countries
Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

Land boundaries > Total

4,348 km

[42nd of 166]

Land boundaries > Total (per capita)

704.292 km per million people

[26th of 164]

Land use > Arable land

1.03%

[195th of 258]

Land use > Other

98.78%

[43rd of 258]

Land use > Permanent crops

0.19%

[168th of 258]

Largest city

Tripoli

Largest city population

1,682,000

[62nd of 174]

Largest city population (per capita)

0.292 per capita

[34th of 174]

Largest city with population

Tripoli - 495,781

Location
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

Map references
Africa

Maritime claims > Exclusive fishing zone

62 nautical mile

[27th of 33]

Maritime claims > Territorial sea

12 nautical mile

[85th of 191]

Natural hazards
hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

Natural resources
petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

northernmost point > Latitude

33°10'N

Population density

2.84 people per sqkm

[219th of 256]

Population density > people per sq. km

3.33 people/m²

[196th of 204]

Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land

49.25 people/km² of arable lan

[176th of 188]

Surface area > sq. km

1,759,540 km²

[16th of 206]

Surface area > sq. km (per capita)

300.599 km² per 1,000 people

[10th of 207]

tallest mountains > Mountain

Bikku Bitti

Terrain
mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions


SOURCES CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; FAO; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia; List of land border lengths ; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia; List of countries by northernmost point ; Heal The World Foundation.; Wikipedia; List of tallest mountains by country

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya


environment
 

Acidification

0%

[117th of 141]

Adjusted savings; carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI

1.01 % of GNI

[32nd of 179]

Adjusted savings; net forest depletion > % of GNI

0.02 % of GNI

[55th of 57]

Areas under protection

8

[122nd of 146]

Areas under protection (per capita)

1.38744 per 1 million people

[95th of 146]

Breeding birds threatened

1.1%

[110th of 136]

Carbon efficiency

2.78 CO2 emissions/$ GDP

[21st of 141]

CFC consumption

80,339.9

[20th of 107]

CFC consumption (per capita)

13.9334 per 1,000 people

[11th of 107]

CO2 Emissions

42,274.9

[57th of 178]

CO2 Emissions (per capita)

7.33176 per 1,000 people

[41st of 176]

CO2 emissions > kt

50,179.44 kt

[54th of 195]

CO2 emissions > kt (per capita)

8.915 kt per 1,000 people

[37th of 196]

Current issues
desertification; limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

Ecological footprint

4.36

[39th of 141]

Endangered species protection

0%

[132nd of 141]

Fertiliser consumption

277.13 hundred grams/hectare

[95th of 141]

Forest area > % of land area

0.12 % of land area

[193rd of 195]

Forest area > sq. km

2,170 km²

[151st of 195]

Forest area > sq. km (per capita)

370.721 km² per 1,000 people

[170th of 195]

Freshwater withdrawal

4.27

[51st of 124]

Freshwater withdrawal > Agricultural

83%

[45th of 124]

Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic

14%

[66th of 124]

Freshwater withdrawal > Industrial

3%

[83rd of 124]

Groundwater withdrawals

734.9

[2nd of 188]

International agreements > Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

International agreements > Signed but not ratified

Law of the Sea

Known breeding bird species

76

[142nd of 146]

Known breeding bird species (per capita)

13.1807 per 1 million people

[91st of 146]

Known mammal species

76

[115th of 145]

Known mammal species (per capita)

13.1807 per 1 million people

[64th of 145]

Marine areas under protection

3

[66th of 95]

Marine areas under protection (per capita)

0.520291 per 1 million people

[46th of 95]

Marine fish catch

32,450 tons

[72nd of 141]

Marine fish catch (per capita)

5.62782 tons per 1,000 people

[59th of 141]

Non-wildness

0.12%

[133rd of 141]

NOx emissions per populated area

6.34 thousand metric tons/squ

[1st of 141]

Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day

3,531.99 kg/day

[92nd of 115]

Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day per worker

0.21 kg per day per worker

[37th of 115]

PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter

98.1 mcg/m³

[19th of 185]

Protected area

0.1

[145th of 147]

SO2 emissions per populated area

3,220 thousand metric tons/squ

[16th of 141]

SO2 exports

3,087.65 hundred metric tons

[14th of 141]

Threatened species

16

[112nd of 158]

Threatened species > Mammal

11

[76th of 160]

Total renewable water resources

0.6 cu km

[26th of 31]

Urban NO2 concentration

46.57 micrograms/m3

[81st of 141]

Urban SO2 concentration

63.66 micrograms/m3

[52nd of 141]

Water > Availability

0.6 thousand cubic metres

[118th of 141]

Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration

7.58 mls/litre

[77th of 141]

Water > Phosphorus concentration

0.47 mls/litre

[40th of 141]

Water > Salinisation

1,858.24

[16th of 141]

Water > Severe water stress

83.7

[19th of 140]

Water > Suspended solids

6.32 mls/litre

[31st of 141]

Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions

10.96 %

[11th of 114]

Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions

0.69 %

[4th of 112]

Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions

77.04 %

[15th of 114]

Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions

1.43 %

[106th of 111]

Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions

9.58 %

[68th of 114]

Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions

596.01 %

[1st of 114]

Wildness

89.9%

[1st of 141]


SOURCES
Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries; Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute; 2000 IUCN Red List, and World Resources Institute,World Resources 2000-2001, Washington, DC; WRI, 2000. Original sources; World Conservation Monitoring Center, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other sources.; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; UNEP, Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances, 1986-1998, October 1999. via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC; World Resources Institute; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland; 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001. Washington, DC; World Bank, 2001. via ciesin.org; ; FAOSTAT on-line database; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the last wild places on the earth's surface. Accessed via ciesin.org; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, Data Version 1.1, B1Illustrative Marker Scenario with model IMAGE; Jacaranda Atlas; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, RAINS-ASIA and Co-operative Programme formonitoring and evaluation of the long range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP) via ciesin.org; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; World Resources Institute, World Resources 1998-99; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2000; WHO,Air Management Information System-AMIS 2.0, 1998; and Global Urban Observatory, Citibase, 1999. via ciesin.org; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen,R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC; Island Press, 2001; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen, R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC; Island Press, 2001; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the lastwild places on the earth's surface. via ciesin.org

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya

2) Human Geography

Labor
 

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19

20.94

[148th of 167]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24

61.51

[156th of 166]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29

67.55

[160th of 167]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34

61.6

[165th of 165]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39

60.76

[165th of 166]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44

60.34

[164th of 167]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49

59.38

[160th of 163]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54

60.36

[146th of 166]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59

58.83

[94th of 166]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64

53.17

[73rd of 166]

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus

20.08

[88th of 165]

Economic activity > Men aged 15-19

31.59

[117th of 164]

Economic activity > Men aged 20-24

79.96

[126th of 166]

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29

96.56

[36th of 165]

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34

92.23

[166th of 165]

Economic activity > Men aged 35-39

92.98

[165th of 164]

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44

92.76

[162nd of 163]

Economic activity > Men aged 45-49

91.73

[159th of 167]

Economic activity > Men aged 50-54

90.06

[122nd of 165]

Economic activity > Men aged 55-59

86.55

[82nd of 167]

Economic activity > Men aged 60-64

81.7

[50th of 165]

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus

32.96

[83rd of 162]

Economic activity > Women aged 15-19

9.93

[153rd of 164]

Economic activity > Women aged 20-24

42.49

[150th of 166]

Economic activity > Women aged 25-29

37.68

[157th of 165]

Economic activity > Women aged 30-34

29.47

[166th of 167]

Economic activity > Women aged 35-39

26.03

[163rd of 165]

Economic activity > Women aged 40-44

23.83

[161st of 165]

Economic activity > Women aged 45-49

20.11

[158th of 161]

Economic activity > Women aged 50-54

20.72

[159th of 166]

Economic activity > Women aged 55-59

20.1

[147th of 167]

Economic activity > Women aged 60-64

13.68

[128th of 165]

Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus

4.58

[118th of 167]

Female economic activity

25%

[155th of 156]

Female economic activity growth

22%

[12th of 156]

force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64

33.85 %

[169th of 184]

force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64

82.76 %

[86th of 184]

force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64

59.15 %

[160th of 184]

force, female > % of total labor force

27.12 %

[170th of 184]

force, total

2,337,507

[107th of 184]

force, total (per capita)

0.399 per capita

[137th of 184]

Labor force

1,830,000

[93rd of 132]

Labor force (per capita)

303,135.012 per million people

[105th of 131]

Labor force > By occupation
agriculture 17%, industry 29%, services 54%

Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture

17%

[17th of 32]

Labor force > By occupation > Industry

23%

[8th of 29]

Labor force > By occupation > Services

59%

[17th of 29]

Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Date

June 19, 1975

Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age

15

[75th of 146]

Parental leave > Paid maternity leave

50 days

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date

June 20, 1962

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment

15 %

[153rd of 174]

Technicians in R&D > per million people

492.93 per million people

[14th of 49]

Unemployment rate

30%

[10th of 107]

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$

914,000,000 $

[34th of 149]

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP)

23.583 $ per $1,000 of GDP

[22nd of 166]

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita)

156.147 $ per 1,000 people

[25th of 167]

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$

15,000,000 $

[130th of 156]

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP)

0.387 $ per $1,000 of GDP

[148th of 165]

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita)

2.563 $ per capita

[145th of 167]

Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$

7,000,000 BoP $

[83rd of 115]

Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.181 BoP $ per $1 million of

[85th of 142]

Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

1.196 BoP $ per 1,000 people

[89th of 143]


SOURCES Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details; ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia; Minimum Age Convention, 1973 ; Wikipedia; Parental leave ; Wikipedia; Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya


people
 

Age structure > 0-14 years 33.9 [84th of 226]
Age structure > 15-64 years 62 [142nd of 226]
Age structure > 65 years and over 4.2 % [138th of 225]
Birth rate 25.62 births/1,000 population [71st of 226]
Chinese population 500 [85th of 127]
Death rate 3.46 deaths/1,000 population [214th of 226]

Ethnic groups
Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Gender development 0.753 [59th of 141]
Percentage living in urban areas 86% [35th of 199]
Population 6,173,579 [105th of 242]
Population growth rate 2.216% [49th of 235]
Population in 2015 7,018 [103rd of 225]
Projected population growth 106.39% [38th of 141]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.07 [24th of 223]
Sex ratio > Total population 1.05 male(s)/female [25th of 224]
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female [111st of 224]
Total fertility rate 3.15 children born/woman [68th of 225]
Total Population 5,900,754 [105th of 227]
Urban population 4,963,728 [77th of 195]
Urbanization 88 [27th of 204]


SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; University Libraries, Ohio University; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects; The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; World Development Indicators database and CIA World Factbook; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects; The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects; http//esa.un.org/unpp; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC; PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; World Development Indicators database; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects; The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002)

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya


Mortality
 

Death rate, crude > per 1,000 people

4.06 per 1,000 people

[173rd of 195]

rate, adult, female > per 1,000 female adults

93.45 per 1,000 female adults

[114th of 185]

rate, adult, male > per 1,000 male adults

136.57 per 1,000 male adults

[135th of 185]

rate, infant > per 1,000 live births

18 per 1,000 live births

[106th of 187]

rate, under-5 > per 1,000

19 per 1,000

[112nd of 187]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya


Immigration
 

immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population

10.56

[46th of 195]

immigrant population > Number of immigrants

618,000

[55th of 195]

immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world

>0.5%

International migration stock > % of population

10.55 %

[57th of 205]

International migration stock, total

617,536

[55th of 205]

Net migration

10,000

[60th of 180]

Net migration (per capita)

1.708 per 1 million people

[61st of 185]

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 populati

[110th of 225]

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum

12,166

[54th of 151]

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita)

2,078.432 per 1 million people

[51st of 162]

Refugees

10,820

[58th of 110]

Refugees (per capita)

1.87652 per 1,000 people

[51st of 110]

Refugees > Outflow

1,000

[67th of 76]

Refugees > Outflow (per capita)

0.17343 per 1,000 people

[56th of 76]

Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees (country of origin)
8,000 (Palestinian Territories)

US visa lottery winners

24 US visa lottery winners

[115th of 178]

US visa lottery winners (per capita)

4.16233 US visa lottery winners

[133rd of 176]


SOURCES Wikipedia List of countries by immigrant population ; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). 2002. Correspondence on refugees and internally displaced persons. February. Geneva.; US Department of State Bureau of Consular Affairs

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya

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