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1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni

Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador

Heikki Tuunanen

Capital city

Mbabane

Capital city > Geographic coordinates

26 18 S, 31 06 E

Capital city > Name

Mbabane

Capital city > Note
Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)

Capital city > Time difference
UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Head of Government

Themba Dlamini

Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Title

Prime Minister

Constitution
signed by the King in July 2005 went into effect on 8 February 2006

Copyright > Reference
Copyright Act No. 36 of 1912

Corruption

2.7

[105th of 160]

countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection

50 pma

Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Maurice S. PARKER

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
2350 Mbabane Place, Mbabane

Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX

[268] 404-2059

Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address

P. O. Box 199, Mbabane

Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone

[268] 404-2445

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
1712 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Ephraim Mandla HLOPHE

Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX

[1] (202) 234-8254

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone

[1] (202) 234-5002

Elections > Head of state

Monarchy

Executive branch > Cabinet
Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch

Executive branch > Chief of state
King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)

Executive branch > Elections
the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from among the elected members of the House of Assembly

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso DLAMINI (since 16 October 2008)

Flag description
three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally

Flag modification

30

[7th of 197]

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition

April 28, 1980

General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth

1.49 %

[81st of 147]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

311,353,500 constant 2000 US$

[99th of 145]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

275.29 constant 2000 US$ per c

[56th of 146]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU

329999300

General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU

4786267000

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

752,676,100 $

[105th of 169]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.276 $ per $1 of GDP

[9th of 184]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

665.496 $ per capita

[48th of 184]

Government type

monarchy

Independence
6 September 1968 (from UK)

Independence Day > Date

September 6

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
High Court; Supreme Court; judges for both courts are appointed by the monarch

Legal system
based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament or Libandla consists of the Senate (30 seats; 10 members appointed by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats; 10 members appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms)

Legislative branch > Election results
House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round

Legislative branch > Elections
House of Assembly - last held 19 September 2008 (next to be held in 2013)

Management time dealing with officials > % of management time

4.4 %

[22nd of 38]

National holiday
Independence Day, 6 September

Parliamentary seats > Female

3%

[122nd of 143]

Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

0.64 %

[21st of 38]

political parties > No party

Political parties and leaders
the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the new (2006) Constitution and currently being debated - the following are considered political associations; African United Democratic Party or AUDP [Stanley MAUNDZISA, president]; Imbokodvo National Movement or INM; Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions; Swaziland and Solidarity Network or SSN

Prime minister

Themba Dlamini

Procedures to build a warehouse > number

11

[156th of 168]

Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

9.726 per 1 million people

[34th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number

31

[95th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

27.409 per 1 million people

[32nd of 171]

Procedures to register property > number

11

[9th of 167]

Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

9,725.906 per 1 billion people

[18th of 167]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

10.8 %

[114th of 174]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number

13

[21st of 171]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

11.494 per 1 million people

[26th of 171]

Status

absolute monarchy

Suffrage

18 years of age

Time required to build a warehouse > days

114 days

[144th of 168]

Time required to enforce a contract > days

972 days

[17th of 171]

Time required to register property > days

46 days

[91st of 167]

Time required to start a business > days

61 days

[35th of 171]

Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

104 hours

[148th of 169]

Time to resolve insolvency > years

2 years

[115th of 151]

Trademarks, nonresidents

616

[73rd of 99]

Trademarks, nonresidents (per capita)

751.544 per 1 million people

[42nd of 146]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
in 2006, Swazi king advocates resort to ICJ to claim parts of Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal from South Africa

UN membership date

24 Sep. 1968

United Nations mission
http://www.magma.ca/~mali/swaziland/
http://members.tripod.com/stewart_marshall/swaziland.htm

Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood

Cleveland Park

 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: Commonwealth Heads of Government ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; Wikipedia: Elections by country ; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Independence Day ; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; Wikipedia: Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Swaziland, Kingdom of Swaziland

Democracy
 

Electoral system first-past-the-post
Electoral system type plurality
Female candidacy 1,968 [17th of 161]
Female parliamentarians 6.3% [126th of 157]
Female suffrage 1968
First female parliamentarian
1972 (elected and appointed)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.933689646184989 [116th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Male only*


 

SOURCES
No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Swaziland, Kingdom of Swaziland

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