Military        0  293 reads

Air force personnel

22,000

[18th of 49]

Air force personnel (per capita)

0.382 per 100 population

[2nd of 49]

Armed forces growth

4

[64th of 132]

Armed forces personnel

76,000

[47th of 166]

Armed forces personnel (per capita)

13.1807 per 1,000 people

[17th of 166]

Arms exports > constant 1990 US$

38,000,000 constant 1990 US$

[24th of 45]

Arms exports > constant 1990 US$ (per capita)

6,751.159 constant 1990 US$ per 1

[22nd of 83]

Arms imports > constant 1990 US$

74,000,000 constant 1990 US$

[41st of 100]

Arms imports > constant 1990 US$ (per capita)

12.892 constant 1990 US$ per c

[22nd of 170]

Army personnel

35,000

[35th of 49]

Army personnel (per capita)

6.07007 per 1,000 people

[14th of 49]

Branches
Armed Peoples on Duty (APOD, Army), Libyan Arab Navy, Libyan Arab Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jamahiriya al-Arabia al-Libyya, LAAF)

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Ratification

06 JAN 2004

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature

13 NOV 2001

Conscription
Conscription exists (AI).

Conventional arms imports

$74,000,000.00

[39th of 85]

Conventional arms imports (per $ GDP)

1.974 per $1,000

[14th of 85]

Conventional arms imports (per capita)

12.834 per 1 population

[17th of 85]

expenditure > % of GDP

1.88 %

[58th of 145]

expenditure > current LCU

740000000

Expenditures

3.9 % of GDP

[14th of 87]

Expenditures > Dollar figure

$1,300,000,000.00

[9th of 111]

Expenditures > Dollar figure (per $ GDP)

$42.64 per 1,000 $ of GDP

[2nd of 111]

Expenditures > Dollar figure (per capita)

$249.87 per capita

[3rd of 111]

Expenditures > Percent of GDP

3.9%

[25th of 154]

Iraqi insurgency > Foreign fighter nationality distribution > Sorted alphabeticallyality

7

[9th of 25]

Manpower > Availability > Females

1,611,001

[94th of 162]

Manpower > Availability > Males

1,682,183

[101st of 210]

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49

1,546,430

[100th of 175]

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49

1,588,533

[99th of 175]

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 (per capita)

0.277 per capita

[42nd of 175]

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 (per capita)

268.198 per 1,000 people

[42nd of 174]

Manpower > Fit for military service > Females

1,381,914

[85th of 162]

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males

1,439,941

[88th of 210]

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49

938,196

[106th of 174]

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49

914,649

[108th of 174]

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 (per capita)

0.163 per capita

[99th of 174]

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 (per capita)

158.628 per 1,000 people

[100th of 173]

Manpower > Military age

17 years of age

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females

58,788

[102nd of 226]

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females (per capita)

9.523 per 1,000 people

[109th of 225]

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males

61,305

[102nd of 226]

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males (per capita)

9.93 per 1,000 people

[110th of 225]

Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49

62,034

[81st of 157]

Navy personnel

8,000

[30th of 49]

Navy personnel (per capita)

1.38744 per 1,000 people

[9th of 49]

personnel

76,000

[63rd of 170]

personnel (per capita)

12.984 per 1,000 people

[21st of 171]

personnel > % of total labor force

3.25 %

[17th of 168]

Service age and obligation

17 years of age

Tanks

1,800 tanks

[7th of 22]

Tanks (per capita)

312.175 tanks per 1 million peop

[1st of 22]

Weapon holdings

4,829,000

[21st of 137]

Weapon holdings (per capita)

837,496 per 1 million people

[5th of 137]

WMD > Biological
In 2003, Libya admitted its previous intentions to acquire equipment needed to produce biological weapons (BW). In October and December 2003, Libyan officials took US and UK experts to a number of medical and agricultural research centers that had the potential to be used in BW research. The country acceded to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention on 19 January 1982. There are allegations that the alleged chemical weapon (CW) plants at Rabta and Tarhunah could contain BW research facilities as well. Prior to Libya's 19 December 2003 announcement to abandon its WMD programs, US intelligence agencies alleged that Qadhafi had attempted to recruit South African scientists to assist in the acquisition of BW, and that Libya had started to develop pathogens and toxins for weapons use.

WMD > Chemical
There is a significant amount of open-source literature concerning Libya's acquisition and use of chemical weapons (CW); it is well documented that Libya employed Iranian-supplied mustard gas bombs against Chad, its southern neighbor, in 1987. In documentation provided to US and UK authorities in 2003, Libya revealed a "significant quantity" of mustard agent produced more than 10 years ago at a facility near Rabta, located in the Sahara Desert about 120km southwest of Tripoli, along with chemical munitions and equipment needed to establish a second CW production facility. In December 2003, Libya pledged to eliminate all chemical weapons stocks and munitions and accede to the Chemical Weapons Convention "without delay."

WMD > Missile
Libya first acquired Scud-B missiles in the early 1970s from the Soviet Union. In the early 1980s, Libya accelerated its efforts to obtain a longer-range ballistic missile with the al-Fatah, reportedly with a range of 950km. Germany and China allegedly provided technical and material assistance to the al-Fatah program. The al-Fatah missile system has not been completed and remains untested. In November 2000, as part of a $600 million agreement, Libya allegedly acquired the first shipment of a total of 50 North Korean Nodong ballistic missiles, including launch capabilities. North Korea also allegedly provided more than 10 scientists to work on the Libyan missile program. This complemented other missile component shipments that reportedly began in 1999. Also, after the lifting of the 1999 sanctions, reports of increased technical and structural assistance from countries like Iran, North Korea, China, India, and Russia have raised concerns over Libya's growing ability to manufacture ballistic missiles. In 2003, US experts were given access to Libya's missile arsenal and to a number of missile research facilities. In December 2003, Libya pledged to eliminate ballistic missiles capable of traveling more than 300km with payloads of 500kg. Libya is not a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). In April 2004, Libya told American officials that it plans to convert hundreds of its Scud-B missiles into short-range defensive weapons and discontinue all military trade with North Korea. In October, the US State Department announced that it had verified the complete dismantling of Libya's WMD programs, including MTCR-class missiles.

WMD > Nuclear
In its 19 December 2003 announcement that it was eliminating all materials, equipment and programs proscribed by the international community, Libya took the unusual step of first publicly revealing its nuclear weapons program, then renouncing it. Libya then invited the IAEA to verify the elimination of nuclear weapon related activities in-country. According to International Atomic Energy Agency Director General Mohamed ElBaradei, who led a December 2003 inspection team to Libya, Libya's nuclear weapons program is in the very initial stages, about three to seven years away from producing a nuclear weapon. Libya admitted having secretly imported raw uranium and the necessary equipment to convert it for enrichment into weapons-grade material but added that the enrichment plan had been dismantled and that no highly enriched uranium had been produced over the past decade. IAEA inspectors did not find either, though they did find imported equipment and technology at a number of previously secret nuclear facilities in and around Tripoli. It has been revealed that Abdul Qadeer Khan of Pakistan is responsible for providing Libya with its nuclear warhead plans, raw uranium and enrichment centrifuges through his black market network. In his 19 December 2003 announcement, Qadhafi pledged to adhere to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which Libya ratified in 1975, and to sign the Additional Protocol, which it did on 10 March 2004. IAEA chief El Baradei indicated that signing the Protocol would ensure IAEA oversight over Libya’s nuclear transition from weapons creation to peaceful purposes. Previously, Libya signed Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in November 2001 and ratified it in January 2004. In 1996, it had signed the Treaty of Pelindaba, which established a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Africa. Besides previously secret nuclear sites disclosed in late 2003, Libya possesses a Soviet-supplied 10MW research reactor in Tajura. With the lifting of UN sanctions in 1998, Russia renewed its nuclear cooperation with Libya, providing funding for renovations to the Tajura nuclear complex. As of October 2004, the IAEA continues to investigate the clandestine network through which Libya supplied its nuclear weapons program. North Korea and several South African, German, and Swiss nationals have been implicated in providing restricted training and technologies to Libya.

WMD > Overview
Libya has shown interest in and taken steps to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems. Indeed, it is one of the few states to have employed chemical weapons in a conflict (Chad, 1987). Libya's motivation to acquire WMD, and ballistic missiles in particular, appears in part to be a response to Israel's clandestine nuclear program and a desire to become a more active player in Middle Eastern and African politics. On 19 December 2003, Libyan leader Col. Muammar Qadhafi publicly confirmed his commitment to disclose and dismantle WMD programs in his country following a nine-month period of negotiations with U.S. and U.K. authorities.

SOURCES Energy Information Administration, US Department of Energy; calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford; Oxford University Press; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford; Oxford University Press; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia; Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty ; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms; Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Wikipedia; Iraqi insurgency ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Dr T.R. O'Connor, (05/15/04); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); The Nuclear Threat Initiative

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Libya, Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma, libyan arab jamahiriya, the libyan arab jamahiriya

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