Madagascar at a glance        0  271 reads

Geography

Area; 592,800 sq. km. (228,880 sq. mi.). Cities; Capital--Antananarivo (pop. about 1,300,000). Other cities--Antsirabe (about 500,000), Mahajanga (about 400,000), Toamasina (about 450,000). Terrain; Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain. Climate; Moderate interior, tropical coasts.


People

Nationality; Noun and adjective--Malagasy. Population (2009 estimate); 20,653,556. Annual population growth rate (2009 estimate); 3%. Ethnic groups; 18 Malagasy tribes; small groups of Comorans, French, Indians, and Chinese. Religions; Traditional beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%. Languages; Malagasy (official), French (official), English (official). Education; Years compulsory--5. Attendance--65%. Literacy--68.9%. Health; Infant mortality rate--54.2/1,000. Life expectancy--62.89 yrs. Work force (2000); 7.3 million. Agriculture--80%; industry--7%.

Government

Type; Republic. Independence; June 26, 1960. Constitution; Entered into force in March 1998. Branches; Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet. Judicial--Supreme Court, High Court of Justice, Constitutional High Court. Legislative--National Assembly and Senate. NOTE; On March 17, 2009, democratically elected President Marc Ravalomanana stepped down and purported to transfer his authority to a senior military figure, who in turn purported to confer the presidency on opposition leader Andry Rajoelina, who is currently heading the High Transitional Authority (HAT). The United States characterized the transfer of power as tantamount to a military coup d’état and does not recognize the HAT. References to de-facto government officials in this text are factual only and do not reflect U.S. recognition of the HAT regime. Suffrage; Universal at 18. National holiday; June 26.


Economy

GDP (U.S.$, 2008 est., official exchange rate); $9.729 billion. GDP per capita (2008 est., purchasing power parity); $1,000. Unemployment; no reliable data available. Natural resources; Graphite, chrome, coal, bauxite, ilmenite, nickel, gold, oil, tar sands, precious and semiprecious stones, and hardwoods. Agriculture (26% of GDP, 2008 est.); Products--rice, livestock, seafood, coffee, vanilla, sugar, cloves, cotton, sisal, peanuts, and tobacco. Industry (15.9% of GDP, 2008 est.); Types--processed food, clothing, textiles, mining, paper, refined petroleum products, glassware, construction, soap, cement, tanning. Trade; Exports (2007, f.o.b.) $989 million; apparel, shrimp, vanilla, coffee, cloves, graphite, essential oils, industrial minerals and gemstones. Major export markets--France, U.S., Germany, Italy, U.K. Imports (2007, f.o.b.) $1.933 billion; foodstuffs, fuel and energy, capital goods, vehicles, consumer goods and electronics. Major suppliers--France, China, Iran, Mauritius, Hong Kong.

Background
 


Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA is now in his second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006.


SOURCES All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Madagascar, Republic of Madagascar, Republique de Madagascar


Identification
 

MALAGASY IDENTIFICATION STATS

15 character
Madagascar

30 character
Madagascar

Country name

Madagascar

Country name > Conventional long form

Republic of Madagascar

Country name > Conventional short form

Madagascar

Country name > Former

Malagasy Republic

Country name > Local long form
Republique de Madagascar/Repoblikan'i Madagasikara

Country name > Local short form

Madagascar/Madagasikara

ISO code

450

ISO long

MDG

ISO short

MG

Native names

Madagascar, Madagasikara

Translation > Catalan
Madagascar

Translation > French
Madagascar

Translation > German

Madagaskar

Translation > Italian
Madagascar

Translation > Portugese
Madagascar

Translation > Spanish
Madagascar

UN code

450


SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Microsoft.com; Wkipedia

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Madagascar, Republic of Madagascar, Republique de Madagascar


Top Ranking
 

1st

Crime > Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Crime > Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Economy > Aid > % of imports of goods and services

Economy > Central government debt, total > % of GDP

Economy > Expense > % of GDP

Economy > International tourism, expenditures > % of total imports

Economy > Net incurrence of liabilities, foreign > % of GDP

Economy > Poverty gap at $1 a day > PPP > %

Economy > Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP > %

Economy > Poverty headcount ratio at $1 a day > PPP > % of population

Economy > Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population

Economy > Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line > % of population

Economy > Revenue, excluding grants > % of GDP

Economy > Trade with US > US imports of tea, spices, and preparations

Education > Gross intake rate in grade 1, male > % of relevant age group

Government > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time

Health > Unmet need for contraception > % of married women ages 15-49

Labor > Child employment in agriculture, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Child employment in agriculture > % of economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Economically active children, work only

Labor > Economically active children, work only, female

Labor > Economically active children, work only, male

Labor > Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment

Labor > Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment

Labor > Employment in agriculture > % of total employment

Taxation > Tax revenue > % of GDP

2nd

Crime > > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Economy > Finance > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Economy > Net financial flows, IDA > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > World Trade > Exports > Spices

Education > Gross intake rate in grade 1, total > % of relevant age group

Energy > Electricity > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Health > Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5

Health > Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5

Labor > Economic activity > Men aged 50-54

3rd

Economy > Commercial bank prime lending rate

Economy > Deposit interest rate > %

Economy > Entrepreneurship > Starting a Business > Min. Capital (% GNI per capita)

Economy > Inflation, consumer prices > annual %

Economy > Poverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population

Economy > Poverty headcount ratio at urban poverty line > % of urban population

Education > Gross intake rate in grade 1, female > % of relevant age group

Education > School enrollment, primary, female > % gross

Education > School enrollment, primary > % gross

Education > School enrollment, primary, male > % gross

Energy > Electrical outages > days

Environment > CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating

Government > Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Industry > Other manufacturing > % of value added in manufacturing

Labor > Child employment in agriculture, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Religion > Catholic > Cardinals (per $ GDP)

Taxation > Taxes on goods and services > % value added of industry and services

4th

Health > ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider

Health > Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding

Media > Telecommunications revenue > % GDP

5th

Economy > Debt service

Education > Repitition rate > Primary level

Energy > Charcoal > Consumption by other consumers

Energy > Charcoal > Consumption by other consumers (per capita)

Labor > Economically active children, female

Labor > Economically active children, total

Labor > Economic activity > Men aged 25-29

Labor > Economic activity > Men aged 45-49

Labor > Economic activity > Men aged 60-64


Bottom Ranking
 

Last

Agriculture > Agricultural land > % of land area

Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors

Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors per 100 hectares of arable land

Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors (per capita)

Agriculture > Agricultural raw materials imports > % of merchandise imports

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > current US$ (per capita)

Agriculture > Arable land > hectares

Agriculture > Arable land > hectares (per capita)

Agriculture > Arable land > % of land area

Agriculture > Cereal yield > kg per hectare

Agriculture > Crop production index

Agriculture > Fertilizer consumption > 100 grams per hectare of arable land

Agriculture > Fertilizer consumption > metric tons

Agriculture > Fertilizer consumption > metric tons (per capita)

Agriculture > Food production index

Agriculture > Land under cereal production > hectares

Agriculture > Land under cereal production > hectares (per capita)

Agriculture > Livestock production index

Agriculture > Permanent cropland > % of land area

Agriculture > value added > annual % growth

Agriculture > value added > constant 2000 US$

Agriculture > value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Agriculture > value added > current US$

Agriculture > value added > current US$ (per capita)

Agriculture > value added per worker > constant 2000 US$

Crime > Courts > % of managers surveyed lacking confidence in courts to uphold property rights

Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio

Democracy > CPIA gender equality rating

Democracy > CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average

Democracy > CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating

Democracy > CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average

Democracy > CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating

Economy > Adjusted net savings, excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI

Economy > Adjusted net savings, including particulate emission damage > % of GNI

Economy > Adjusted savings; consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI

Economy > Adjusted savings; gross savings > % of GNI

Economy > Adjusted savings; net national savings > % of GNI

Economy > Aid per capita > current US$

Economy > Bank and trade-related lending > PPG + PNG > NFL, current US$

Economy > Bank and trade-related lending > PPG + PNG > NFL, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Bank and trade-related lending > PPG + PNG > NFL, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Bank capital to assets ratio > %

Economy > Bank nonperfoming loans to total gross loans > %

Economy > Business disclosure index

Economy > Business entry rate > new registrations as % of total

Economy > Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP

Economy > Claims on governments, etc. > annual growth as % of M2

Economy > Claims on private sector > annual growth as % of M2

Economy > Commercial service exports > current US$

Economy > Commercial service exports > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Commercial service exports > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Commercial service imports > current US$

Economy > Commercial service imports > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Commercial service imports > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Cost of business start-up procedures > % of GNI per capita

Economy > CPIA business regulatory environment rating

Economy > CPIA debt policy rating

Economy > CPIA economic management cluster average

Economy > CPIA efficiency of revenue mobilization rating

Economy > CPIA financial sector rating

Economy > CPIA macroeconomic management rating

Economy > CPIA quality of budgetary and financial management rating

Economy > CPIA structural policies cluster average

Economy > CPIA trade rating

Economy > Credit information availability index

Economy > Current account balance > BoP, current US$

Economy > Current account balance > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Current account balance > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Current account balance > % of GDP

Economy > Current transfers, receipts > BoP, current US$

Economy > Current transfers, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Current transfers, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Domestic credit provided by banking sector > % of GDP

Economy > Domestic credit to private sector > % of GDP

Economy > Ease of doing business index

Economy > Exports of goods and services > annual % growth

Economy > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$

Economy > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Exports of goods and services > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Exports of goods and services > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Exports of goods and services > current US$

Economy > Exports of goods and services > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Exports of goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP

Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$

Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Export quantum/quantity index

Economy > Export value index

Economy > External balance on goods and services > current US$

Economy > External balance on goods and services > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > External balance on goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > External balance on goods and services > % of GDP

Economy > External debt, total > DOD, current US$

Economy > External debt, total > DOD, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > External debt, total > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Final consumption expenditure > current US$

Economy > Final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$

Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Financial information infrastructure index

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net > BoP, current US$

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > BoP, current US$

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > % of GDP

Economy > GDP > constant 2000 US$

Economy > GDP > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > GDP growth > annual %

Economy > GDP per capita > constant 2000 US$

Economy > GDP per capita growth > annual %

Economy > GDP per capita, PPP > constant 2000 international $

Economy > GDP per capita, PPP > current international $

Economy > GDP, PPP > constant 2000 international $

Economy > GDP, PPP > constant 2000 international $ (per capita)

Economy > GDP, PPP > current international $

Economy > GDP, PPP > current international $ (per capita)

Economy > GNI, Atlas method > current US$

Economy > GNI, Atlas method > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > GNI > current US$

Economy > GNI > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > GNI > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > GNI, PPP > current international $

Economy > GNI, PPP > current international $ (per capita)

Economy > Goods and services expense > % of expense

Economy > Goods exports > BoP, current US$

Economy > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Goods imports > BoP, current US$

Economy > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Gross capital formation > annual % growth

Economy > Gross capital formation > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Gross capital formation > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross capital formation > current US$

Economy > Gross capital formation > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross capital formation > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Gross domestic savings > current US$

Economy > Gross domestic savings > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross domestic savings > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > annual % growth

Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > current US$

Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Gross national expenditure > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Gross national expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross national expenditure > current US$

Economy > Gross national expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross private capital flows > % of GDP

Economy > Gross savings > current US$

Economy > Gross savings > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross savings > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Gross savings > % of GNI

Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > current US$

Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > High-technology exports > current US$

Economy > High-technology exports > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > High-technology exports > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > High-technology exports > % of manufactured exports

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > current US$

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Household final consumption expenditure per capita > constant 2000 US$

Economy > IBRD loans and IDA credits > PPG DOD, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > IDA resource allocation index

Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$

Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Imports of goods and services > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Imports of goods and services > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$

Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Imports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$

Economy > Imports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Imports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Import quantum/quantity index

Economy > Import value index

Economy > Income payments > BoP, current US$

Economy > Income payments > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Income payments > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Income receipts > BoP, current US$

Economy > Income receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Income receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports

Economy > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports

Economy > Interest payments > % of revenue

Economy > Interest rate spread > lending rate minus deposit rate

Economy > International tourism, expenditures > current US$

Economy > International tourism, expenditures > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > International tourism, expenditures > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > International tourism, number of arrivals

Economy > International tourism, number of departures

Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$

Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Legal rights of borrowers and lenders index

Economy > Liquid liabilities (M3) as % of GDP

Economy > Long-term debt > DOD, current US$

Economy > Long-term debt > DOD, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Merchandise exports > current US$

Economy > Merchandise exports > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Merchandise exports > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Merchandise imports > current US$

Economy > Merchandise imports > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Merchandise imports > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Merchandise trade > % of GDP

Economy > Money and quasi money growth > annual %

Economy > Money and quasi money (M2) as % of GDP

Economy > Money and quasi money (M2) to total reserves ratio

Economy > Net barter terms of trade

Economy > Net capital account > BoP, current US$

Economy > Net capital account > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net current transfers > BoP, current US$

Economy > Net current transfers > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net current transfers > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net current transfers from abroad > current US$

Economy > Net current transfers from abroad > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net current transfers from abroad > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net errors and omissions, adjusted > BoP, current US$

Economy > Net errors and omissions, adjusted > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net errors and omissions, adjusted > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net financial flows, IBRD > current US$

Economy > Net financial flows, IBRD > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net financial flows, IBRD > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net financial flows, IMF nonconcessional > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net financial flows, IMF nonconcessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net financial flows, others > current US$

Economy > Net financial flows, others > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net financial flows, others > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net financial flows, RDB concessional > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net financial flows, RDB nonconcessional > current US$

Economy > Net financial flows, RDB nonconcessional > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net financial flows, RDB nonconcessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$

Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net incurrence of liabilities, domestic > % of GDP

Economy > Net trade in goods and services > BoP, current US$

Economy > Net trade in goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net trade in goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net trade in goods > BoP, current US$

Economy > Net trade in goods > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Net trade in goods > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > New businesses registered > number

Economy > New businesses registered > number (per capita)

Economy > Official development assistance and official aid > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Present value of debt > % of exports of goods and services

Economy > Present value of debt > % of GNI

Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > % of GNI

Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > TDS, current US$

Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > TDS, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > TDS, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) debt > DOD, current US$

Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) debt > DOD, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Public credit registry coverage > % of adults

Economy > Quasi-liquid liabilities > % of GDP

Economy > Real interest rate > %

Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP

Economy > Researchers in R&D > per million people

Economy > Royalty and license fees, payments > BoP, current US$

Economy > Royalty and license fees, payments > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Royalty and license fees, payments > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Royalty and license fees, receipts > BoP, current US$

Economy > Royalty and license fees, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Royalty and license fees, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Services, etc., value added > annual % growth

Economy > Services, etc., value added > constant 2000 US$

Economy > Services, etc., value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Economy > Services, etc., value added > current US$

Economy > Services, etc., value added > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Services, etc., value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Service exports > BoP, current US$

Economy > Service exports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Service exports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Service imports > BoP, current US$

Economy > Service imports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Service imports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Short-term debt > % of exports of goods, services and income

Economy > Short-term debt > % of total external debt

Economy > Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense

Economy > Total debt service > % of GNI

Economy > Total debt service > TDS, current US$

Economy > Total debt service > TDS, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Total debt service > TDS, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Total reserves > includes gold, current US$

Economy > Total reserves > includes gold, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Total reserves > includes gold, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Total reserves minus gold > current US$

Economy > Total reserves minus gold > current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Total reserves minus gold > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Trade in services > % of GDP

Economy > Trade > % of GDP

Economy > Use of IMF credit > DOD, current US$ (per capita)

Education > Adjusted savings; education expenditure > % of GNI

Education > Children out of school, primary

Education > Children out of school, primary, female

Education > Children out of school, primary, female (per capita)

Education > Children out of school, primary, male

Education > Children out of school, primary, male (per capita)

Education > Children out of school, primary (per capita)

Education > Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita

Education > Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita

Education > Literacy rate, adult female > % of females ages 15 and above

Education > Literacy rate, adult male > % of males ages 15 and above

Education > Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above

Education > Literacy rate, youth female > % of females ages 15-24

Education > Literacy rate, youth male > % of males ages 15-24

Education > Literacy rate, youth total > % of people ages 15-24

Education > Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population

Education > Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population

Education > Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population

Education > Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort

Education > Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort

Education > Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort

Education > Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group

Education > Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group

Education > Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group

Education > Primary education, duration > years

Education > Primary education, pupils

Education > Primary education, pupils > % female

Education > Primary education, pupils (per capita)

Education > Primary education, teachers

Education > Primary education, teachers > % female

Education > Primary education, teachers (per capita)

Education > Progression to secondary school > %

Education > Progression to secondary school, female > %

Education > Progression to secondary school, male > %

Education > Public spending on education, total > % of GDP

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary

Education > Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education

Education > Ratio of female to male primary enrollment

Education > Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment

Education > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %

Education > Ratio of young literate females to males > % ages 15-24

Education > Repetition rate, primary, female > % of total enrollment

Education > Repetition rate, primary, male > % of total enrollment

Education > Repetition rate, primary > % of total enrollment

Education > School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross

Education > School enrollment, preprimary > % gross

Education > School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross

Education > School enrollment, primary, female > % net

Education > School enrollment, primary, male > % net

Education > School enrollment, primary > % net

Education > School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary

Education > School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross

Education > School enrollment, secondary, female > % net

Education > School enrollment, secondary > % gross

Education > School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross

Education > School enrollment, secondary, male > % net

Education > School enrollment, secondary > % net

Education > School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross

Education > School enrollment, tertiary > % gross

Education > School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross

Education > Secondary education, general pupils

Education > Secondary education, general pupils (per capita)

Education > Secondary education, pupils

Education > Secondary education, pupils > % female

Education > Secondary education, pupils (per capita)

Education > Secondary education, teachers

Education > Secondary education, teachers > % female

Education > Secondary education, teachers (per capita)

Education > Secondary education, vocational pupils

Education > Secondary education, vocational pupils (per capita)

Education > Trained teachers in primary education, female > % of female teachers

Education > Trained teachers in primary education, male > % of male teachers

Education > Trained teachers in primary education > % of total teachers

Education > Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment

Education > Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment

Education > Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment

Energy > Fuel exports > % of merchandise exports

Energy > Jet Fuel > Bunkers (per capita)

Energy > Jet Fuel > Production from refineries

Energy > Jet Fuel > Total production

Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption by other consumers (per capita)

Energy > Natural Gas (including LNG) > Total resources

Energy > Natural Gas (including LNG) > Total resources (per capita)

Energy > Natural gas reserves

Energy > Natural gas reserves (per capita)

Energy > Oil Consumption Test (per capita)

Energy > Oil Consumption Test (per $ GDP)

Energy > Oil Consumption Test Test (per capita)

Energy > Oil Consumption Test Test (per $ GDP)

Energy > Oil reserves

Energy > Oil reserves (per capita)

Environment > Adjusted savings; carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI

Environment > Adjusted savings; particulate emission damage > % of GNI

Environment > CO2 emissions > kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP

Environment > CO2 emissions > kt

Environment > CO2 emissions > kt (per capita)

Environment > CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating

Environment > Forest area > % of land area

Environment > Forest area > sq. km

Environment > Forest area > sq. km (per capita)

Environment > Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day

Environment > PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter

Environment > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions

Environment > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions

Environment > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions

Environment > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions

Environment > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions

Environment > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions

Food > beverages and tobacco > % of value added in manufacturing

Food > imports > % of merchandise imports

Geography > Land area > sq. km (per capita)

Geography > Population density > people per sq. km

Geography > Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land

Geography > Surface area > sq. km (per capita)

Government > CPIA equity of public resource use rating

Government > CPIA quality of public administration rating

Government > General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

Government > General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Government > General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

Government > General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

Government > General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Government > Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

Government > Procedures to build a warehouse > number

Government > Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

Government > Procedures to enforce a contract > number

Government > Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

Government > Procedures to register property > number

Government > Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

Government > Start-up procedures to register a business > number

Government > Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

Government > Time required to build a warehouse > days

Government > Time required to enforce a contract > days

Government > Time required to register property > days

Government > Time required to start a business > days

Government > Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

Government > Total businesses registered > number

Government > Total businesses registered > number (per capita)

Government > Trademarks, nonresidents

Government > Trademarks, nonresidents (per capita)

Government > Trademarks, residents

Government > Trademarks, residents (per capita)

Health > Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total

Health > expenditure per capita > current US$

Health > expenditure, private > % of GDP

Health > expenditure, public > % of GDP

Health > expenditure, total > % of GDP

Health > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health

Health > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV

Health > Hospital beds > per 1,000 people

Health > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months

Health > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months

Health > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access

Health > Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access

Health > Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access

Health > Improved water source > % of population with access

Health > Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access

Health > Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access

Health > Incidence of tuberculosis > per 100,000 people

Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > years

Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > years

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > years

Health > Malaria prevention, use of insecticide-treated bed nets > % of under-5 population

Health > % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total

Health > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health

Health > Prevalence of HIV, total > % of population ages 15-49

Health > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population

Health > Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS > %

Health > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases

Immigration > International migration stock > % of population

Immigration > International migration stock, total

Immigration > Net migration

Immigration > Net migration (per capita)

Immigration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum

Immigration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita)

Industry > Adjusted savings; mineral depletion > % of GNI

Industry > Changes in inventories > current US$

Industry > Changes in inventories > current US$ (per capita)

Industry > Changes in inventories > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Industry > Chemicals > % of value added in manufacturing

Industry > Machinery and transport equipment > % of value added in manufacturing

Industry > Manufactures exports > % of merchandise exports

Industry > Manufactures imports > % of merchandise imports

Industry > Manufacturing, value added > annual % growth

Industry > Manufacturing, value added > constant 2000 US$

Industry > Manufacturing, value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Industry > Manufacturing, value added > current US$

Industry > Manufacturing, value added > current US$ (per capita)

Industry > Manufacturing, value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Industry > Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports

Industry > Patent applications, nonresidents

Industry > Patent applications, nonresidents (per capita)

Industry > Patent applications, residents

Industry > Patent applications, residents (per capita)

Industry > Textiles and clothing > % of value added in manufacturing

Industry > value added > annual % growth

Industry > value added > constant 2000 US$

Industry > value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

Industry > value added > current US$

Industry > value added > current US$ (per capita)

Industry > value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps

Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per capita)

Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per $ GDP)

Internet > Price basket for Internet > US$ per month

Internet > Secure Internet servers

Internet > Secure Internet servers (per capita)

Labor > Child employment in manufacturing, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Child employment in manufacturing, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Child employment in manufacturing > % of economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Child employment in services, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Child employment in services, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Child employment in services > % of economically active children ages 7-14

Labor > Compensation of employees > % of expense

Labor > CPIA building human resources rating

Labor > Economically active children, study and work

Labor > Economically active children, study and work, female

Labor > Economically active children, study and work, male

Labor > Employment in industry > % of total employment

Labor > Employment in services > % of total employment

Labor > Employees, industry, female > % of female employment

Labor > Employees, industry, male > % of male employment

Labor > Employees, services, female > % of female employment

Labor > Employees, services, male > % of male employment

Labor > Firing cost > weeks of wages

Labor > force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64

Labor > force, total

Labor > force, total (per capita)

Labor > regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Labor > Rigidity of employment index

Labor > Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment

Labor > Technicians in R&D > per million people

Labor > Unemployment, female > % of female labor force

Labor > Unemployment, male > % of male labor force

Labor > Unemployment, total > % of total labor force

Labor > Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment

Labor > Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment

Labor > Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment

Labor > Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment

Labor > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment

Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$

Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita)

Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP)

Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$

Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita)

Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP)

Labor > Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$

Labor > Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Labor > Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Geography, history (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philology (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philosophy, psychology (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Pure sciences

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Pure sciences (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Social sciences (per capita)

Media > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service exports

Media > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports

Media > Daily newspapers > per 1,000 people

Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > per 1,000 people

Media > Households with television > %

Media > International voice traffic > out and in, minutes

Media > International voice traffic > out and in, minutes (per capita)

Media > Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$

Media > Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$ (per capita)

Media > Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Media > Mobile phone subscribers

Media > Mobile phone subscribers (per capita)

Media > Personal computers

Media > Personal computers (per capita)

Media > Population covered by mobile telephony > %

Media > Price basket for mobile > US$ per month

Media > Price basket for residential fixed line > US$ per month

Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes

Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per capita)

Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per $ GDP)

Media > Television broadcast stations

Media > Telephone employees, total

Media > Telephone employees, total (per capita)

Media > Telecommunications investment > % of revenue

Media > Telephone mainlines

Media > Telephone mainlines (per capita)

Media > Telephone subscribers

Media > Telephone subscribers per employee

Media > Telephone subscribers (per capita)

Military > Arms imports > constant 1990 US$

Military > Arms imports > constant 1990 US$ (per capita)

Military > expenditure > % of central government expenditure

Military > expenditure > % of GDP

Military > personnel

Military > personnel > % of total labor force

Military > personnel (per capita)

People > CPIA social protection rating

People > Population ages 15-64 > % of total

People > Population ages 65 and above > % of total

People > Population, female > % of total

People > Population in largest city

People > Population in largest city (per capita)

People > Population in the largest city > % of urban population

People > Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million

People > Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million (per capita)

People > Urban population

People > Urban population growth > annual %

People > Urban population (per capita)

Taxation > Average time to clear customs > days

Taxation > CPIA fiscal policy rating

Taxation > Net taxes on products > current US$

Taxation > Net taxes on products > current US$ (per capita)

Taxation > Net taxes on products > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Taxation > Other taxes > % of revenue

Taxation > Taxes on goods and services > % of revenue

Taxation > Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > % of revenue

Taxation > Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > % of total taxes

Taxation > Tax payments > number

Taxation > Tax payments > number (per capita)

Taxation > Tax rates > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Taxation > Total tax rate > % of profit

Transportation > Air transport, freight > million tons per km

Transportation > Air transport, passengers carried

Transportation > Air transport, passengers carried (per capita)

Transportation > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide

Transportation > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide (per capita)

Transportation > Railways, goods transported > million ton-km

Transportation > Railways, goods transported > million ton-km (per capita)

Transportation > Rail lines > total route-km

Transportation > Railways, passengers carried > million passenger-km

Transportation > Railways, passengers carried > million passenger-km (per capita)

Transportation > Roads, paved > % of total roads

Transportation > Roads, total network > km

Transportation > Travel services > % of commercial service exports

Transportation > Travel services > % of commercial service imports

2nd last

Economy > Changes in net reserves > BoP, current US$ (per capita)

Economy > Multilateral debt service > % of public and publicly guaranteed debt service

Economy > Net financial flows, RDB concessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net income > BoP, current US$

Education > Expenditure per student, secondary > % of GDP per capita

Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Bunkers

Energy > Coal > Total resources in place

Energy > Jet Fuel > Bunkers

Energy > Jet Fuel > Production from refineries (per capita)

Energy > Jet Fuel > Total production (per capita)

Geography > Surface area > sq. km

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Geography, history

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Literature (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philology

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philosophy, psychology

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Total (per capita)

3rd last

Agriculture > Exports to USA > Garlic

Agriculture > Exports to USA > Garlic (per capita)

Economy > Changes in net reserves > BoP, current US$

Energy > Coal > Energy balance requirement (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Gross inland availability (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Net inland availability (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Total known reserves

Energy > Electrical outages > days

Energy > Electricity > Production (per capita)

Energy > Lubricants > Production from refineries (per capita)

Energy > Lubricants > Total production (per capita)

Environment > SO2 emissions per populated area

Geography > Land area > sq. km

Government > Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Health > Adolescent fertility rate > births per 1,000 women ages 15-19

Labor > skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Labor > Unemployment rate

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Social sciences

Transportation > Motor vehicles

4th last

Crime > > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Economy > Changes in net reserves > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Finance > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Economy > International tourism, receipts > % of total exports

Economy > Long-term debt > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Economy > Net financial flows, RDB concessional > current US$

Economy > Other expense > % of expense

Economy > Research and development personnel

Education > Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure

Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Bunkers (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Total known reserves (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Total resources in place (per capita)

Energy > Crude Petroleum > Reserves from oil shale

Energy > Crude Petroleum > Reserves from oil shale (per capita)

Energy > Electricity > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption by other consumers

Energy > Lubricants > Imports (per capita)

Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Production from refineries

Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Total production

Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita)

Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita)

Labor > Economically active children, male

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Applied sciences

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Applied sciences (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Arts and recreation

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Generalities

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Generalities (per capita)

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Literature

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Total

5th last

Crime > Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Crime > Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

Economy > Net income > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)

Education > Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5

Education > Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men

Energy > Coal > Consumption by other consumers (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Energy balance requirement

Energy > Coal > Gross inland availability

Energy > Coal > Imports (per capita)

Energy > Coal > Net inland availability

Energy > Electricity > Consumption by public lighting (per capita)

Energy > Lubricants > Production from refineries

Energy > Lubricants > Total production

Government > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time

Labor > Economically active children, female

Labor > Economically active children, total

Media > Television broadcast stations (per capita)

Terrorism > Terrorist Acts > 2000-2006 > Fatalities

Terrorism > Terrorist Acts > 2000-2006 > Fatalities (per capita)

Transportation > Investment in transport with private participation > current US$

6th last

Economy > Aid > % of central government expenditures

Economy > Technology index

Economy > Trade with US > US imports of cane and beet sugar

Education > Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Women

Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Imports (per capita)

Energy > Bagasse > Statistical differences (per capita)

Energy > Electricity > Conversion, transport & distribution losses (per capita)

Energy > Gas-diesel oils > Bunkers (per capita)

Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Production from refineries

Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Total production (per capita)

Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Production from refineries (per capita)

Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Total production (per capita)

Health > Spending > Per person

Health > Total expenditure on health as % of GDP

Labor > Child employment in agriculture, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14

Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Religion, theology (per capita)

Media > Telephones > Main lines in use (per capita)

Transportation > Investment in transport with private participation > current US$ (per capita)

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