Politics        0  343 reads

1) Government
 

MALAGASY GOVERNMENT STATS

Administrative divisions
6 provinces (faritany); Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara

Capital city

Antananarivo

Capital city > Geographic coordinates

18 55 S, 47 31 E

Capital city > Name

Antananarivo

Capital city > Time difference
UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution
19 August 1992 by national referendum

Copyright > Reference

Art. 52,

Corruption

2.8

[100th of 160]

countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection

70 pma

CPIA equity of public resource use rating

3.5

[41st of 75]

CPIA quality of public administration rating

3.5

[20th of 75]

Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador R. Niels MARQUARDT

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
14-16 Rue Rainitovo, Antsahavola, Antananarivo 101

Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX

[261] (20) 22-345-39

Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address
B. P. 620, Antsahavola, Antananarivo

Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone
[261] (20) 22-212-57, 22-212-73, 22-209-56

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Jocelyn Bertin RADIFERA

Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general

New York

Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX

[1] (202) 265-3034

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone

[1] (202) 265-5525, 5526

Elections > Head of state

Direct election

embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address
200 Catherine St, Suite 510

embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood

Centretown

Executive branch > Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Executive branch > Chief of state
President Marc RAVALOMANANA (since 6 May 2002)

Executive branch > Election results
percent of vote - Marc RAVALOMANANA 54.8%, Jean LAHINIRIKO 11.7%, Roland RATSIRAKA 10.1%, Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO 9.1%, Norbert RATSIRAHONANA 4.2%, Ny Hasina ANDRIAMANJATO 4.2%, Elia RAVELOMANANTSOA 2.6%, Pety RAKOTONIAINA 1.7%, other 1.6%

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 3 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011); prime minister appointed by the president

Federal republic > Contemporary > Style

Republic

Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side

Flag modification

21

[68th of 197]

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition

February 28, 1976

General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth

5.4 %

[35th of 147]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

323,573,100 constant 2000 US$

[96th of 145]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

17.391 constant 2000 US$ per c

[109th of 146]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU

41980640000

General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU

820480000000

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

409,620,300 $

[121st of 169]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.081 $ per $1 of GDP

[135th of 184]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

22.016 $ per capita

[138th of 184]

Government type

republic

Independence
26 June 1960 (from France)

Independence Day > Date

June 26

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; High Constitutional Court or Haute Cour Constitutionnelle

Legal origin
French

Legal system
based on French civil law system and traditional Malagasy law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

Legislative branch
bicameral legislature consists of a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (127 seats - reduced from 160 seats by an April 2007 national referendum; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and a Senate or Senat (100 seats; two-thirds of the seats filled by regional assemblies; the remaining one-third of seats appointed by the president; to serve four-year terms)

Legislative branch > Election results
National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - TIM 106, LEADER/Fanilo 1, independents 20

Legislative branch > Elections
National Assembly - last held 23 September 2007 (next to be held in 2011)

Management time dealing with officials > % of management time

20.79 %

[1st of 38]

National holiday

Independence Day, 26 June

Parliamentary seats > Female

8%

[83rd of 143]

Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

40.96 %

[3rd of 38]

political parties > Multi party

Political parties and leaders
Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar or AREMA [Pierrot RAJAONARIVELO]; Democratic Party for Union in Madagascar or PSDUM [Jean LAHINIRIKO]; Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery or LEADER/Fanilo [Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO]; Fihaonana Party or FP [Guy-Willy RAZANAMASY]; I Love Madagascar or TIM [Marc RAVALOMANANA]; Renewal of the Social Democratic Party or RPSD [Evariste MARSON]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Committee for the Defense of Truth and Justice or KMMR; Committee for National Reconciliation or CRN [Albert Zafy]; National Council of Christian Churches or FFKM

Prime minister

Jacques Sylla

Procedures to build a warehouse > number

19

[63rd of 168]

Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

1.021 per 1 million people

[117th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number

29

[104th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

1.559 per 1 million people

[124th of 171]

Procedures to register property > number

8

[40th of 167]

Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

429.971 per 1 billion people

[104th of 167]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

6.9 %

[146th of 174]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number

10

[77th of 171]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

0.591 per 1 million people

[114th of 171]

Status
federal democracy

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Time required to build a warehouse > days

297 days

[23rd of 168]

Time required to enforce a contract > days

591 days

[58th of 171]

Time required to register property > days

134 days

[31st of 167]

Time required to start a business > days

21 days

[129th of 171]

Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

304 hours

[60th of 169]

Total businesses registered > number

430,095

[26th of 71]

Total businesses registered > number (per capita)

24.402 per 1 million people

[41st of 83]

Trademarks, nonresidents

321

[47th of 99]

Trademarks, nonresidents (per capita)

0.018 per 1 million people

[52nd of 146]

Trademarks, residents

411

[41st of 98]

Trademarks, residents (per capita)

0.023 per 1 million people

[49th of 142]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island (all administered by France)

UN membership date

20 Sep. 1960

United Nations mission
http;//www.1upinfo.com/country-guide- ... agascar/madagascar43.html

Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood

Embassy Row


SOURCES All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia; List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia; Elections by country ; Wikipedia; List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Wikipedia; Federal republic ; Flagspot; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia; Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia; List of political parties ; Wikipedia; Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia; List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Madagascar, Republic of Madagascar, Republique de Madagascar

Democracy
 

MALAGASY DEMOCRACY STATS

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006

6.31

[26th of 118]

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006

6.45

[40th of 119]

Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation

7.5

[31st of 119]

Civil and political liberties

4

[60th of 140]

CPIA gender equality rating

3.5

[41st of 75]

CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average

3.6

[21st of 75]

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating

3.5

[23rd of 75]

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average

3.4

[23rd of 75]

CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating

3.5

[12th of 75]

Electoral system

party list

Electoral system type

proportional

Female candidacy

1,959

[42nd of 161]

Female parliamentarians

8%

[115th of 157]

Female suffrage

1959

First female parliamentarian

1965 (elected)

Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment

0.958498909430572

[99th of 183]

Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality

No

Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes

2.5%

[58th of 110]

Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout

67.9%

[85th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Total vote

3,966,290

[56th of 154]

Parliamentary elections > Voter registration

5,844,560

[55th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population

7,745,460

[53rd of 163]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita)

429.349 per 1,000 people

[124th of 162]

Presidential elections > Invalid votes

3.8%

[15th of 61]

Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout

60.9%

[64th of 86]

Presidential elections > Total vote

2,167,630

[50th of 87]

Presidential elections > Turnout

29.7

[74th of 82]

Presidential elections > Voter registration

3,557,350

[48th of 86]

Presidential elections > Voting age population

7,307,040

[30th of 91]

Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita)

405.047 per 1,000 people

[69th of 91]


SOURCES Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http//www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York; Freedom House, 2001;

World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.;Source; Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia; Homosexuality laws of the world ;Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Madagascar, Republic of Madagascar, Republique de Madagascar

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