Politics        0  334 reads

1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
8 regions (regions, singular - region); Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou

Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador

No representation

Capital city

Bamako

Capital city > Geographic coordinates

12 39 N, 8 00 W

Capital city > Name

Bamako

Capital city > Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution

adopted 12 January 1992

Copyright > Reference

Art. 90,

Corruption

2.9

[96th of 160]

countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection

50 pma

CPIA equity of public resource use rating

3.5

[24th of 75]

CPIA quality of public administration rating

3

[44th of 75]

Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Gillian A. MILOVANOVIC

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
located just off the Roi Bin Fahad Aziz Bridge just west of the Bamako central district

Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX

[223] 270-2479

Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address
ACI 2000, Rue 243, Porte 297, Bamako

Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone

[223] 270-2300

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2130 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission

Ambassador Abdoulaye DIOP

Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX

[1] (202) 332-6603

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone
[1] (202) 332-2249, 939-8950

Elections > Head of state

Direct election

embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address

50 Goulburn Avenue

embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood

Sandy Hill

Executive branch > Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister

Executive branch > Chief of state
President Amadou Toumani TOURE (since 8 June 2002)

Executive branch > Election results
Amadou Toumani TOURE reelected president; percent of vote - Amadou Toumani TOURE 71.2%, Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA 19.2%, other 9.6%

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 29 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2012); prime minister appointed by the president

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Modibo SIDIBE (since 28 September 2007)

Flag description
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Flag modification

1

[189th of 197]

Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment

September 20, 1995

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition

July 4, 1980

General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth

-5.63 %

[113rd of 147]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

435,081,700 constant 2000 US$

[91st of 145]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

32.184 constant 2000 US$ per c

[103rd of 146]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU

216400000000

General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU

278300000000

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

527,614,900 $

[114th of 169]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.099 $ per $1 of GDP

[120th of 184]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

39.029 $ per capita

[123rd of 184]

Government type

republic

Independence
22 September 1960 (from France)

Independence Day > Date

September 22

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

Legal origin
French

Legal system
based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ADP coalition 113 (including ADEMA 51, URD 34, MPR 8, CNID 7, UDD 3, and other 10), FDR coalition 15 (including RPM 11, PARENA 4), SADI 4, independent 15

Legislative branch > Elections
last held on 1 and 22 July 2007 (next to be held in July 2012)

Management time dealing with officials > % of management time

7.53 %

[11th of 38]

National holiday
Independence Day, 22 September

Parliamentary seats > Female

12%

[47th of 143]

Partners in Population and Development > Representatives > Name
H.E. Mme Maiga Zeinab Mint YOUBA

Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint

20.78 %

[15th of 38]

political parties > Multi party

Political parties and leaders
Alliance for Democratic Change (political group comprised mainly of Tuareg from Mali's northern region); African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence or SADI [Oumar MARIKO, secretary general]; Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP (a coalition of political parties including ADEMA and URD formed in December 2006 to support the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE); Alliance for Democracy or ADEMA [Diounconda TRAORE]; Convergence 2007 [Soumeylou Boubeye MAIGA]; Front for Democracy and the Republic or FDR (a coalition of political parties including RPM and PARENA formed to oppose the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE); National Congress for Democratic Initiative or CNID [Mountaga TALL]; Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party for National Renewal or PARENA [Tiebile DRAME]; Patriotic Movement for Renewal or MPR [Choguel MAIGA]; Rally for Democracy and Labor or RDT; Rally for Mali or RPM [Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally or US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE]; Union for Democracy and Development or UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY]; Union for Republic and Democracy or URD [Soumaila CISSE]

Political pressure groups and leaders > Other
the army; Islamic authorities; rebels in the northern region; state-run cotton company CMDT; tuaregs

Prime minister

Ousmane Issoufi Maïga

Procedures to build a warehouse > number

15

[102nd of 168]

Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

1.184 per 1 million people

[114th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number

28

[115th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

2.071 per 1 million people

[114th of 171]

Procedures to register property > number

5

[102nd of 167]

Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

369.866 per 1 billion people

[111st of 167]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

10.2 %

[121st of 174]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number

13

[25th of 171]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

0.962 per 1 million people

[95th of 171]

Status
democracy

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Time required to build a warehouse > days

209 days

[67th of 168]

Time required to enforce a contract > days

860 days

[22nd of 171]

Time required to register property > days

33 days

[110th of 167]

Time required to start a business > days

42 days

[69th of 171]

Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

270 hours

[72nd of 169]

Time to resolve insolvency > years

3.6 years

[54th of 151]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International

none

UN membership date

28 Sep. 1960

United Nations mission
http;//www.un.int/mali/

Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood

Kalorama Heights


SOURCES;
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia; List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia; List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia; Elections by country ; Wikipedia; List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Flagspot; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia; Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia; Partners in Population and Development ; Wikipedia; List of political parties ; Wikipedia; Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia; List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES;
Mali, Republic of Mali, Republique de Mali

Democracy
 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006

6.44

[22nd of 118]

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006

6.1

[48th of 119]

Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation

7.35

[34th of 119]

Civil and political liberties

4.5

[52nd of 140]

CPIA gender equality rating

3.5

[32nd of 75]

CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average

3.4

[36th of 75]

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating

3.5

[17th of 75]

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average

3.6

[15th of 75]

CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating

3.5

[15th of 75]

Electoral system

two-round system

Electoral system type

majority

Female candidacy

1,956

[52nd of 161]

Female parliamentarians

12.2%

[68th of 157]

Female suffrage

1956

First female parliamentarian

1964 (elected)

Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment

0.797422198200543

[143rd of 183]

Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality

No

Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes

1.9%

[66th of 110]

Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout

21.6%

[151st of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Total vote

1,133,770

[101st of 154]

Parliamentary elections > Turnout

21.5

[111st of 117]

Parliamentary elections > Voter registration

5,254,300

[59th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population

5,282,480

[68th of 163]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita)

462.767 per 1,000 people

[112nd of 162]

Presidential elections > Invalid votes

28.5%

[1st of 61]

Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout

28.4%

[87th of 86]

Presidential elections > Total vote

1,542,230

[64th of 87]

Presidential elections > Turnout

29.2

[75th of 82]

Presidential elections > Voter registration

5,428,260

[32nd of 86]

Presidential elections > Voting age population

5,282,480

[38th of 91]

Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita)

462.767 per 1,000 people

[54th of 91]


SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http //www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York; Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source; Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia; Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Mali, Republic of Mali, Republique de Mali


 

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