Geography        0  1743 reads

1) Natural geography

Terrain: Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. Mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes, mud slides. Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; a hot, dust/sand-laden wind called sirocco is especially common in summer. Land use: Arable land--3%; permanent crops--0%, permanent pastures--13%; forests and woodland--2%.

Area > Comparative
slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas
Area > Comparative to US places
slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas
Area > Land 2,381,740 sq km [11th of 238]
Area > Land (per capita) 70.529 sq km per 1,000 people [31st of 227]
Area > Total 2,381,740 sq km [18th of 250]
Area > Total (per capita) 70.529 sq km per 1,000 people [31st of 231]
Area > Water 0 sq km [165th of 239]
Area > Water (per capita) 0 sq km per million people [161st of 225]
Capital city with population
Algiers - 1,519,570 (1998)
Climate
arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
Coastline 998 km [93rd of 271]
Elevation extremes > Highest point Tahat 3,003 m
Elevation extremes > Lowest point Chott Melrhir -40 m
Forested Land 0.9% [182nd of 193]
Geographic coordinates 28 00 N, 3 00 E
Geography > Note
second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)
Irrigated land 5,690 sq km [54th of 196]
Irrigated land (per capita) 178.562 sq km per million people [89th of 167]
Land area > sq. km 2,381,740 km² [10th of 206]
Land area > sq. km (per capita) 72.495 km² per 1,000 people [30th of 206]
Land boundaries > Border countries
Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km
Land boundaries > Total 6,343 km [17th of 166]
Land boundaries > Total (per capita) 187.831 km per million people [89th of 164]
Land use > Arable land 3.17% [165th of 258]
Land use > Other 96.55% [70th of 258]
Land use > Permanent crops 0.28% [155th of 258]
Largest city Algiers
Largest city population 3,705,000 [29th of 174]
Largest city population (per capita) 0.114 per capita [109th of 174]
Largest city with population
Algiers - 1,519,570 (1998)
Location
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia
Map references
Africa
Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile [48th of 191]
Natural hazards
mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season
Natural resources
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
northernmost point > Latitude 37°05'N
Population density 13.07 people per sqkm [196th of 256]
Population density > people per sq. km 13.79 people/m² [175th of 204]
Precipitation 686 mm [54th of 95]
Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land 160.91 people/km² of arable lan [129th of 188]
Surface area > sq. km 2,381,740 km² [11th of 206]
Surface area > sq. km (per capita) 72.495 km² per 1,000 people [30th of 207]
tallest mountains > Mountain
Tahat
Terrain
mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; FAO; World Development Indicators database; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of countries by northernmost point ; Heal The World Foundation.; Wikipedia: List of tallest mountains by country

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b



Environment
 

Acidification 0% [80th of 141]
Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 1.34 % of GNI [22nd of 179]
Adjusted savings: net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.08 % of GNI [49th of 57]
Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.32 % of GNI [89th of 165]
Areas under protection 18 [93rd of 146]
Areas under protection (per capita) 0.553301 per 1 million people [125th of 146]
Biosphere reserves area 7,312 thousand hectares [9th of 86]
Biosphere reserves area (per capita) 224.763 thousand hectares per 1 [12th of 86]
Breeding birds threatened 3.13% [59th of 136]
Carbon efficiency 2.02 CO2 emissions/$ GDP [36th of 141]
CFC consumption 81,627.9 [19th of 107]
CFC consumption (per capita) 2.50916 per 1,000 people [25th of 107]
CO2 Emissions 74,175.8 [38th of 178]
CO2 Emissions (per capita) 2.28009 per 1,000 people [84th of 176]
CO2 emissions > kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.88 kg/PPP$ [21st of 170]
CO2 emissions > kt 163,633.5 kt [24th of 195]
CO2 emissions > kt (per capita) 5.135 kt per 1,000 people [72nd of 196]
Current issues
soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water
Ecological footprint 1.79 [78th of 141]
Endangered species protection 60% [82nd of 141]
Fertiliser consumption 125.05 hundred grams/hectare [107th of 141]
Forest area > % of land area 0.96 % of land area [186th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km 22,770 km² [100th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km (per capita) 693.071 km² per 1,000 people [157th of 195]
Freshwater withdrawal 6.07 [49th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Agricultural 65% [80th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic 22% [41st of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Industrial 13% [36th of 124]
Groundwater withdrawals 117.2 [41st of 188]
International agreements > Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements > Signed but not ratified
none of the selected agreements
Known breeding bird species 183 [94th of 146]
Known breeding bird species (per capita) 5.62523 per 1 million people [120th of 146]
Known mammal species 92 [91st of 145]
Known mammal species (per capita) 2.82798 per 1 million people [121st of 145]
Marine areas under protection 4 [58th of 95]
Marine areas under protection (per capita) 0.122956 per 1 million people [77th of 95]
Marine fish catch 101,540 tons [56th of 141]
Marine fish catch (per capita) 3.12123 tons per 1,000 people [71st of 141]
Non-wildness 0.5% [118th of 141]
NOx emissions per populated area 0.86 thousand metric tons/squ [25th of 141]
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day 45,644.86 kg/day [48th of 115]
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day per worker 0.24 kg per day per worker [15th of 115]
PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter 88.14 mcg/m³ [24th of 185]
Protected area 2.5 [110th of 147]
SO2 emissions per populated area 540 thousand metric tons/squ [74th of 141]
SO2 exports 1,620.92 hundred metric tons [56th of 141]
Threatened species 36 [57th of 158]
Threatened species > Mammal 15 [48th of 160]
Total renewable water resources 14.3 cu km [17th of 31]
Urban NO2 concentration 53.26 micrograms/m3 [64th of 141]
Urban SO2 concentration 80.17 micrograms/m3 [38th of 141]
Water > Availability 0.39 thousand cubic metres [122nd of 141]
Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 8.72 mls/litre [45th of 141]
Water > Freshwater pollution 8.58 tons/cubic km [4th of 69]
Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.4 mls/litre [49th of 141]
Water > Salinisation 1,478.73 [23rd of 141]
Water > Severe water stress 71 [27th of 140]
Water > Suspended solids 5.11 mls/litre [69th of 141]
Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 5.94 % [64th of 114]
Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.69 % [4th of 112]
Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions 59.54 % [24th of 114]
Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 23.38 % [2nd of 94]
Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.12 % [90th of 107]
Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.04 % [85th of 111]
Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 7.63 % [56th of 114]
Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.77 % [75th of 114]
Wetlands of intl importance > Area 1,866 thousand hectares [12th of 112]
Wetlands of intl importance > Area (per capita) 57.3589 thousand hectares per 1 m [23rd of 112]
Wildness 80.82% [3rd of 141]

SOURCES
Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute; 2000 IUCN Red List, and World Resources Institute,World Resources 2000-2001, Washington, DC: WRI, 2000. Original sources: World Conservation Monitoring Center, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other sources.; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; UNEP, Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances, 1986-1998, October 1999. via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001. via ciesin.org; ; FAOSTAT on-line database; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the last wild places on the earth's surface. Accessed via ciesin.org; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, Data Version 1.1, B1Illustrative Marker Scenario with model IMAGE; Jacaranda Atlas; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, RAINS-ASIA and Co-operative Programme formonitoring and evaluation of the long range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP) via ciesin.org; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; World Resources Institute, World Resources 1998-99; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2000; WHO,Air Management Information System-AMIS 2.0, 1998; and Global Urban Observatory, Citibase, 1999. via ciesin.org; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen,R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001 (for BOD emissions)and Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 (for data on waterquantity). via ciesin.org; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen, R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the lastwild places on the earth's surface. via ciesin.org

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b


2) Human geography

Nationality: Noun--Algerian(s); adjective--Algerian. Population (July 2009 official government est.): 34,178,188. Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 1.196%. Birth rate (2009 est.)--16.9 births/1,000 population; death rate (2009 est.)--4.64 deaths/1,000 population. Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%. Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%. Languages: Arabic (official), Berber (national language), French. Education: Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write)--total population 69.9% (2004 est.); female 60.1% (2004 est.); male 79.6%. Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--27.73 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth--total population 74.02 years; male 72.35 years; female 75.77 years. Work force (2008): 9.464 million. Unemployment rate (2009 est.): 27%; Algerian Government estimate 11.8% in February 2009.

Age distribution

Algeria Population Pyramid for 1990

Age and sex distribution for the year 1990:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 1995

Age and sex distribution for the year 1995:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 2000

Age and sex distribution for the year 2000:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 2003

Age and sex distribution for the year 2003:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 2005

Age and sex distribution for the year 2005:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 2010

Age and sex distribution for the year 2010:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 2020

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020:

Algeria Population Pyramid for 2050

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050:

Source: US Census Bureau July 17, 2003

Labor
 

Compensation of employees > % of expense 31.54 % [30th of 97]
Compensation of employees > current LCU 346240000000
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 21.74 [143rd of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 61.59 [155th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 69.58 [153rd of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 67.57 [158th of 165]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 66.86 [159th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 65.69 [158th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 63.53 [152nd of 163]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 58.48 [155th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 52.26 [125th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 34.93 [115th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 11.48 [118th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 30.65 [123rd of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 82.78 [93rd of 166]
Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 94.72 [105th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 97.52 [88th of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 96.17 [122nd of 163]
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 94.55 [122nd of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 91.18 [109th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 84.03 [99th of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 54.69 [117th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 18.26 [116th of 162]
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 12.51 [151st of 164]
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 39.71 [156th of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 43.12 [152nd of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 37.47 [159th of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 35.8 [156th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 34.26 [154th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 30.43 [149th of 161]
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 25.16 [153rd of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 22.43 [142nd of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 17.17 [115th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 5.66 [107th of 167]
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 22.3 % [14th of 86]
Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 20.4 % [24th of 86]
Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 28.2 % [4th of 86]
Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 25.6 % [54th of 86]
Employees, services, female > % of female employment 49.4 % [62nd of 86]
Employees, services, male > % of male employment 53.8 % [33rd of 86]
Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 20.7 % [19th of 94]
Employment in industry > % of total employment 26 % [25th of 94]
Employment in services > % of total employment 53 % [58th of 94]
Female economic activity 29.5% [149th of 156]
Female economic activity growth 54% [2nd of 156]
Firing cost > weeks of wages 17 weeks of wages [137th of 164]
force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 37.96 % [161st of 184]
force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 83.52 % [75th of 184]
force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 60.98 % [151st of 184]
force with primary education > % of total 50.2 % [2nd of 48]
force with secondary education > % of total 18.7 % [12th of 51]
force with tertiary education > % of total 6.4 % [14th of 52]
force, female > % of total labor force 30.66 % [160th of 184]
force, total 13,405,860 [35th of 184]
force, total (per capita) 0.408 per capita [127th of 184]
Labor force 9,380,000 [41st of 132]
Labor force (per capita) 281,400.991 per million people [110th of 131]
Labor force > By occupation
agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16%
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Date April 30, 1984
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 16 [1st of 146]
Parental leave > Paid maternity leave 14 weeks
Parental leave > Paid paternity leave 3 days
Regulation 46 [86th of 123]
Regulation > Employment Conditions 60 [88th of 123]
Regulation > Firing 19 [104th of 123]
Regulation > Hiring 58 [46th of 123]
regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 12.69 % [3rd of 39]
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date November 19, 1962
Rigidity of employment index 45 [61st of 166]
Seafarers' Pensions Convention > Ratification Date November 19, 1962
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 17 % [125th of 174]
skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 25.37 % [3rd of 38]
Unemployment rate 11.8% [12th of 107]
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 15.7 % [22nd of 77]
Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 21.3 % [5th of 95]
Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 19.8 % [4th of 95]
Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 20.1 % [5th of 101]
Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 46.3 % [2nd of 77]
Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 42.8 % [2nd of 77]
Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 43.4 % [2nd of 77]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ 22,000,000 $ [58th of 149]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP) 0.481 $ per $1,000 of GDP [132nd of 166]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita) 0.849 $ per 1,000 people [127th of 167]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ 1,950,000,000 $ [36th of 156]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP) 19.07 $ per $1,000 of GDP [70th of 165]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita) 59.354 $ per capita [80th of 167]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ 232,990,300 BoP $ [25th of 115]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP) 5,096.542 BoP $ per $1 million of [67th of 142]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita) 8,988.466 BoP $ per 1,000 people [67th of 143]

SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973 ; Wikipedia: Parental leave ; The World Bank Group The original methodology and data come from The Regulation of Labor, by Juan Botero, Simeon Djankov, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer. When using the data, please also cite this paper as a reference.; The World Bank Group The original methodology and data come from The Regulation of Labor, by Juan Botero, Simeon Djankov, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer. When using the data, please also cite this paper as a reference; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 ; Wikipedia: Seafarers' Pensions Convention, 1946

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b

Lifestyle
 
Life satisfaction

Life satisfaction

5.2

[48th of 69]

Life satisfaction inequality

3.2

[3rd of 87]

Political orientation > Far left

3.5%

[34th of 61]

Political orientation > Far right

6%

[21st of 61]


SOURCES
World Database of Happiness, Happiness in Nations, Rank Report 2004/1 Average happiness in 90 nations 1990-2000; World Database of Happiness, Happiness in Nations, Rank Report 2004/3b. Equality of happiness in 90 nations 1990-2000. How much citizens differ in enjoyment of their life as a whole; World Values Survey

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b

People
 

African countries by population density > area 2,381,740 [2nd of 56]
African countries by population density > pop. dens. 14 [43rd of 56]
African countries by population density > population 32,277,942 [8th of 56]
Age dependency ratio > dependents to working-age population 0.52 [115th of 185]
Age structure > 0-14 years 28.1 % [114th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years 29 [110th of 226]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 4,349,746 [41st of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 26.3% [120th of 227]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 4,528,919 [39th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years 66.3 [90th of 226]
Age structure > 15-64 years 67.1 % [76th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 11,509,619 [33rd of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 68.7% [51st of 227]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 11,699,701 [33rd of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over 4.8 % [130th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 902,217 [47th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 5% [126th of 227]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 779,467 [39th of 225]
Arab Countries > Population of Jew > 1948
140,000(Stearns, 2001, p. 966.)
Arab Countries > Population of Jew > 2001 ~0
Arab Countries > Population of Jew, of total > 1948 1.6%
Birth rate 17.03 births/1,000 population [124th of 226]
Chinese population 2,000 [69th of 127]
Chinese population (per capita) 6.148 per 100,000 people [88th of 126]
Death rate 4.62 deaths/1,000 population [196th of 226]
Education expenditures 5.1 % of GDP [2nd of 55]
Ethnic groups
Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%; note: almost all Algerians are Berber in origin, not Arab; the minority who identify themselves as Berber live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools
Female population > Age 10-14 1,745,922 [31st of 224]
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 5.3 [87th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 1,776,217 [29th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.39 [69th of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 1,825,813 [30th of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 5.54 [10th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 1,663,728 [30th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 5.05 [4th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 1,338,538 [32nd of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 4.06 [35th of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 1,168,750 [33rd of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.55 [86th of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 985,702 [33rd of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 2.99 [129th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 796,251 [35th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 2.42 [136th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 597,224 [40th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.81 [149th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 466,300 [42nd of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.42 [139th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 345,979 [42nd of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.05 [147th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 287,579 [44th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.87 [139th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 248,903 [44th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.76 [123rd of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 170,812 [47th of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.52 [127th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 127,260 [50th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.39 [129th of 224]
Gender development 0.679 [87th of 141]
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Capital Algiers
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks
30 (est.)
Jewish population > By country > Jews > % Jewish 0.0003 % [92nd of 97]
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 100 [90th of 102]
Male population > Age 10-14 1,812,948 [32nd of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 5.51 [85th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 1,839,348 [29th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.59 [52nd of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 1,843,463 [31st of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 5.6 [12th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 1,676,608 [30th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 5.09 [7th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 1,373,144 [34th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 4.17 [39th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 1,177,310 [35th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.58 [94th of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 988,642 [33rd of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3 [130th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 812,525 [34th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 2.47 [130th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 630,247 [36th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.91 [131st of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 474,736 [37th of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.44 [127th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 317,779 [42nd of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.97 [143rd of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 255,533 [42nd of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.78 [139th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 221,022 [37th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.67 [115th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 147,619 [40th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.45 [114th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 111,270 [37th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.34 [109th of 224]
Median age > Female 26.2 years [117th of 224]
Median age > Male 25.8 years [118th of 224]
Median age > Total 26 years [118th of 224]
Nationality > Adjective Algerian
Nationality > Noun Algerian(s)
Percentage living in rural areas. 41% [106th of 193]
Percentage living in urban areas 59% [97th of 199]
Population 33,769,668 [36th of 242]
Population > CIA Factbook 33,769,668 [36th of 240]
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 29.65 % [96th of 185]
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 65.81 % [70th of 185]
Population ages 65 and above > % of total 4.55 % [103rd of 185]
Population growth > annual % 1.52 annual % [84th of 195]
Population growth rate 1.209% [113rd of 235]
Population in 2015 38,085 [37th of 225]
Population in largest city 3,200,071 [41st of 118]
Population in largest city (per capita) 0.097 per capita [82nd of 118]
Population in the largest city > % of urban population 15.39 % [100th of 118]
Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million 3,200,071 [50th of 106]
Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million (per capita) 0.097 per capita [88th of 106]
Population, female > % of total 49.5 % [154th of 190]
Projected population growth 66.22% [52nd of 141]
Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 16 Apr 1993
Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Jan 1990
Rural population 12,057,340 [40th of 193]
Rural population (per capita) 0.367 per capita [117th of 194]
Rural population growth > annual % -0.37 annual % [143rd of 193]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02 [72nd of 223]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.02 male(s)/female [69th of 224]
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.86 male(s)/female [61st of 223]
Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female [89th of 223]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > 15–65 1.02 [78th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > at birth 1.05 [97th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > over 65 0.88 [58th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > total 1.02 [55th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > under 15 1.04 [97th of 215]
Sex ratio > Total population 1.01 male(s)/female [65th of 224]
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.04 male(s)/female [105th of 224]
Total fertility rate 1.82 children born/woman [153rd of 225]
Total Population 32,930,091 [37th of 227]
Total population > Age 10-14 3,558,870 [32nd of 224]
Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 10.81 [88th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 3,615,565 [29th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 10.98 [60th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 3,669,276 [30th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 11.14 [11th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 3,340,336 [30th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 10.14 [7th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 2,711,682 [33rd of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 8.23 [36th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 2,346,060 [33rd of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 7.12 [93rd of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 1,974,344 [33rd of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 6 [128th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 1,608,776 [35th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 4.89 [134th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 1,227,471 [37th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 3.73 [137th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 941,036 [38th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 2.86 [134th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 663,758 [42nd of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.02 [138th of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 543,112 [42nd of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.65 [137th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 469,925 [40th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 1.43 [119th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 318,431 [43rd of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.97 [124th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 238,530 [44th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.72 [121st of 224]
Total Population > Female 16,338,769 [37th of 227]
Total Population > Male 16,591,322 [35th of 227]
Urban population 20,796,450 [30th of 195]
Urban population (per capita) 0.633 per capita [78th of 196]
Urban population growth > annual % 2.63 annual % [72nd of 195]
Urbanization 58 [98th of 204]
Urbanization in 1975 40.3% [87th of 164]
Urbanization in 2015 65.2% [75th of 164]
Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 68 [115th of 144]
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 79 [85th of 133]
Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 64 [48th of 170]
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 104 [135th of 173]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > reported 140 [62nd of 154]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 140 [74th of 166]
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 92 [82nd of 172]

SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of African countries by population density ; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Jewish exodus from Arab lands ; University Libraries, Ohio University; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center ; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Wikipedia: Greek diaspora ; Wikipedia: Jewish population ; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; World Development Indicators database and CIA World Factbook; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Wikipedia: Sex ratio ; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; UNICEF

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b

Mortality

Death rate, crude > per 1,000 people 4.97 per 1,000 people [160th of 195]
rate, adult, female > per 1,000 female adults 112.43 per 1,000 female adults [97th of 185]
rate, adult, male > per 1,000 male adults 131.82 per 1,000 male adults [137th of 185]
rate, infant > per 1,000 live births 34 per 1,000 live births [72nd of 187]
rate, under-5 > per 1,000 39 per 1,000 [76th of 187]

SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b

Immigration

immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population 0.7366 [157th of 195]
immigrant population > Number of immigrants 242,000 [88th of 195]
immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world >0.5%
International migration stock > % of population 0.74 % [167th of 205]
International migration stock, total 242,446 [90th of 205]
Net migration -100,000 [125th of 180]
Net migration (per capita) -3.044 per 1 million people [94th of 185]
Net migration rate -0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 populati [97th of 225]
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 94,101 [24th of 151]
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita) 2,864.235 per 1 million people [39th of 162]
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 12,041 [50th of 77]
Refugee population by country or territory of origin (per capita) 0.367 per 1 million people [56th of 77]
Refugees 165,330 [24th of 110]
Refugees (per capita) 5.08207 per 1,000 people [36th of 110]
Refugees > Convention on refugees 21 Feb 1963 d
Refugees > Outflow 6,000 [45th of 76]
Refugees > Outflow (per capita) 0.184434 per 1,000 people [54th of 76]
Refugees > US acceptance rates 9.5 [42nd of 49]
Refugees > US applications 21 [33rd of 64]
Refugees > US applications (per capita) 0.000645518 per 1,000 people [42nd of 63]
Refugees > US applications approved 2 [46th of 53]
Refugees > US applications approved (per capita) 0 per 1,000 people [45th of 52]
Refugees > US applications denied 11 [28th of 41]
Refugees > US applications denied (per capita) 0.000338129 per 1,000 people [31st of 40]
Refugees > US applications otherwise closed 3 [28th of 39]
Refugees > US applications otherwise closed (per capita) 0 per 1,000 people [26th of 38]
Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees (country of origin)
90,000 (Western Saharan Sahrawi, mostly living in Algerian-sponsored camps in the southwestern Algerian town of Tindouf)
US visa lottery winners 1,285 US visa lottery winners [27th of 178]
US visa lottery winners (per capita) 39.4996 US visa lottery winners [49th of 176]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of countries by immigrant population ; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; United Nations Treaty Collection; UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). 2002. Correspondence on refugees and internally displaced persons. February. Geneva.; Nationmaster.com calculations based on USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) data; United States Citizenship and Immigration Services; US Department of State: Bureau of Consular Affairs

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah, Al Jaza'ir, algeria b


3) Political geography


Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia. Area: Total--2,381,740 sq. km. Land--2,381,740 sq. km.; water--0 sq. km. More than three times the size of Texas. Cities: Capital--Algiers; Oran, Constantine, Annaba.

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