Geography        0  2614 reads

1) Natural geography


 

Area > Comparative
slightly smaller than Texas
Area > Comparative to US places
slightly smaller than Texas
Area > Land 627,337 sq km [42nd of 238]
Area > Land (per capita) 65.63 sq km per 1,000 people [35th of 227]
Area > Total 637,657 sq km [48th of 250]
Area > Total (per capita) 66.71 sq km per 1,000 people [35th of 231]
Area > Water 10,320 sq km [37th of 239]
Area > Water (per capita) 1,079.649 sq km per million people [38th of 225]
Capital city with population
Mogadishu - (est. 1,500,000 to 3,000,000)

Climate
principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons

Coastline 3,025 km [47th of 271]
Elevation extremes > Highest point Shimbiris 2,416 m
Elevation extremes > Lowest point Indian Ocean 0 m
Forested Land 12% [140th of 193]
Geographic coordinates 10 00 N, 49 00 E

Geography > Note
strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal

Irrigated land 2,000 sq km [74th of 196]
Irrigated land (per capita) 259.471 sq km per million people [73rd of 167]
Land area > sq. km 627,340 km² [41st of 206]
Land area > sq. km (per capita) 76.246 km² per 1,000 people [28th of 206]
land border lengths > P-S > Number of neighbours 3 [16th of 26]
land border lengths > P-S > Total Borders 2,340 km [11th of 27]
Land boundaries > Border countries
Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km
Land boundaries > Total 2,340 km [76th of 166]
Land boundaries > Total (per capita) 244.804 km per million people [70th of 164]
Land use > Arable land 1.64% [189th of 258]
Land use > Other 98.32% [45th of 258]
Land use > Permanent crops 0.04% [183rd of 258]
Largest city population 997,000 [85th of 174]
Largest city population (per capita) 0.116 per capita [106th of 174]
Largest city with population
Mogadishu - (est. 1,500,000 to 3,000,000)

Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia

Map references
Africa
Maritime claims > Territorial sea 200 nautical mile [2nd of 191]

Natural hazards
recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season

Natural resources
uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves

northernmost point > Latitude 11°28'N
Population density 11.38 people per sqkm [200th of 256]
Population density > people per sq. km 13.12 people/m² [177th of 204]
Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land 483.58 people/km² of arable lan [55th of 188]
Surface area > sq. km 637,660 km² [41st of 206]
Surface area > sq. km (per capita) 77.5 km² per 1,000 people [28th of 207]
tallest mountains > Mountain Shimbiris
Terrain
mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north


 

SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; FAO; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of land border lengths ; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of countries by northernmost point ; Heal The World Foundation.; Wikipedia: List of tallest mountains by country

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Somalia

Environment
 

Acidification 0% [57th of 141]
Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.01 % of GNI [155th of 179]
Adjusted savings: net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.16 % of GNI [40th of 57]
Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.78 % of GNI [42nd of 165]
Areas under protection 10 [113rd of 146]
Areas under protection (per capita) 1.16387 per 1 million people [102nd of 146]
Breeding birds threatened 2.37% [70th of 136]
Carbon efficiency 0 CO2 emissions/$ GDP [140th of 141]
CO2 emissions > kt 10.99 kt [195th of 195]
CO2 emissions > kt (per capita) 1.741 kt per 1,000 people [195th of 196]

Current issues
famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Ecological footprint 0.97 [114th of 141]
Endangered species protection 7.7% [108th of 141]
Fertiliser consumption 4.81 hundred grams/hectare [135th of 141]
Forest area > % of land area 11.37 % of land area [144th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km 71,310 km² [64th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km (per capita) 8,666.931 km² per 1,000 people [52nd of 195]
Freshwater withdrawal 3.29 [55th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Agricultural 100% [1st of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic 0% [124th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Industrial 0% [117th of 124]
Groundwater withdrawals 45.8 [70th of 188]

International agreements > Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

Known breeding bird species 179 [97th of 146]
Known breeding bird species (per capita) 20.8333 per 1 million people [71st of 146]
Known mammal species 171 [57th of 145]
Known mammal species (per capita) 19.9022 per 1 million people [44th of 145]
Marine areas under protection 1 [88th of 95]
Marine areas under protection (per capita) 0.116387 per 1 million people [80th of 95]
Marine fish catch 19,100 tons [80th of 141]
Marine fish catch (per capita) 2.223 tons per 1,000 people [78th of 141]
Non-wildness 0.07% [134th of 141]
NOx emissions per populated area 0.05 thousand metric tons/squ [136th of 141]
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day 6,177.2 kg/day [86th of 115]
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day per worker 0.38 kg per day per worker [1st of 115]
PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter 41.3 mcg/m³ [86th of 185]
Protected area 0.3 [135th of 147]
SO2 emissions per populated area 60 thousand metric tons/squ [136th of 141]
SO2 exports 1,243.2 hundred metric tons [74th of 141]
Threatened species > Mammal 18 [38th of 160]
Total renewable water resources 15.7 cu km [16th of 31]
Urban NO2 concentration 37.88 micrograms/m3 [107th of 141]
Urban SO2 concentration 137.61 micrograms/m3 [8th of 141]
Water > Availability 0.24 thousand cubic metres [126th of 141]
Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 7.83 mls/litre [68th of 141]
Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.35 mls/litre [63rd of 141]
Water > Salinisation 739.68 [57th of 141]
Water > Severe water stress 26.9 [44th of 140]
Water > Suspended solids 6.88 mls/litre [20th of 141]
Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 1.53 % [102nd of 114]
Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.05 % [99th of 112]
Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions 89.92 % [2nd of 114]
Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.84 % [81st of 94]
Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.16 % [101st of 107]
Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 4.5 % [94th of 111]
Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.7 % [97th of 114]
Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.3 % [104th of 114]
Wildness 17.7% [48th of 141]


 

SOURCES
Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute; 2000 IUCN Red List, and World Resources Institute,World Resources 2000-2001, Washington, DC: WRI, 2000. Original sources: World Conservation Monitoring Center, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other sources.; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001. via ciesin.org; ; FAOSTAT on-line database; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the last wild places on the earth's surface. Accessed via ciesin.org; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, Data Version 1.1, B1Illustrative Marker Scenario with model IMAGE; Jacaranda Atlas; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, RAINS-ASIA and Co-operative Programme formonitoring and evaluation of the long range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP) via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute, World Resources 1998-99; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2000; WHO,Air Management Information System-AMIS 2.0, 1998; and Global Urban Observatory, Citibase, 1999. via ciesin.org; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen,R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen, R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the lastwild places on the earth's surface. via ciesin.org

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Somalia


2) Human geography

Age distribution

Somalia Population Pyramid for 1990
Age and sex distribution for the year 1990



Somalia Population Pyramid for 1995
Age and sex distribution for the year 1995



Somalia Population Pyramid for 2000
Age and sex distribution for the year 2000



Somalia Population Pyramid for 2003
Age and sex distribution for the year 2003



Somalia Population Pyramid for 2005
Age and sex distribution for the year 2005



Somalia Population Pyramid for 2010
Age and sex distribution for the year 2010



Somalia Population Pyramid for 2020
Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020



Somalia Population Pyramid for 2050
Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050



Source
US Census Bureau July 17, 2003

Labor
 

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14 31.3 [20th of 89]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 58.5 [26th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 74.46 [70th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 80.8 [92nd of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 83.08 [90th of 165]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 84.17 [88th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 85.43 [77th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 84.57 [65th of 163]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 82.29 [48th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 69.87 [24th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 50.16 [21st of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 10-14 33.35 [20th of 92]
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 63.04 [24th of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 87.46 [42nd of 166]
Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 96.23 [47th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 96.85 [103rd of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 96.92 [121st of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 96.72 [98th of 163]
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 96.18 [73rd of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 94.9 [51st of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 92.91 [37th of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 87.81 [28th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 70.63 [23rd of 162]
Economic activity > Women aged 10-14 29.26 [19th of 89]
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 53.98 [27th of 164]
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 61.61 [92nd of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 65.68 [96th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 69.7 [85th of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 71.88 [82nd of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 74.64 [72nd of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 73.64 [67th of 161]
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 70.39 [59th of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 66.35 [29th of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 54.17 [26th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 32.81 [29th of 167]
force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 60.99 % [75th of 184]
force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 95.09 % [2nd of 184]
force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 77.8 % [28th of 184]
force, female > % of total labor force 39.25 % [120th of 184]
force, total 3,521,762 [91st of 184]
force, total (per capita) 0.428 per capita [113rd of 184]

Labor force > By occupation
agriculture (mostly pastoral nomadism) 71%, industry and services 29%

Labor force > By occupation > Industry and services 29% [6th of 22]
Parental leave > Paid maternity leave 14 weeks
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 21.9 % [136th of 174]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ 3,000,000 $ [81st of 149]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP) 4.088 $ per $1,000 of GDP [87th of 166]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita) 453.986 $ per 1,000 people [144th of 167]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ 22,000,000 $ [61st of 156]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP) 29.977 $ per $1,000 of GDP [44th of 165]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita) 3.329 $ per capita [113rd of 167]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ 21,700,490 BoP $ [36th of 115]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP) 29,568.676 BoP $ per $1 million of [34th of 142]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita) 3,283.909 BoP $ per 1,000 people [87th of 143]


 

SOURCES
Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Parental leave

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Somalia

People
 

African countries by population density > area 637,657 [18th of 56]
African countries by population density > pop. dens. 12 [45th of 56]
African countries by population density > population 7,753,310 [28th of 56]
Age dependency ratio > dependents to working-age population 0.88 [25th of 185]
Age structure > 0-14 years 44.4 % [20th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years 44.5 [20th of 226]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 2,132,869 [69th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 44.7% [18th of 227]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 2,143,758 [69th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years 52.9 [205th of 226]
Age structure > 15-64 years 53 % [204th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 2,516,879 [93rd of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 52.8% [200th of 227]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 2,525,562 [92nd of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over 2.6 % [209th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 138,943 [120th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 2.5% [204th of 227]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 100,655 [124th of 225]
Birth rate 44.12 births/1,000 population [7th of 226]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of female 36 [8th of 46]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of male 29 [17th of 46]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of poorest 20% 38 [14th of 43]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of richest 20% 21 [10th of 43]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of rural 36 [13th of 42]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of total 32 [11th of 46]
Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of urban 25 [9th of 42]
Death rate 15.89 deaths/1,000 population [21st of 226]

Ethnic groups
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

Ethnicity > London 33,831 [19th of 21]
Female population > Age 10-14 499,251 [77th of 224]
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 5.63 [73rd of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 480,722 [79th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.42 [63rd of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 383,950 [82nd of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.33 [117th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 320,486 [88th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.62 [151st of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 276,110 [90th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.12 [168th of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 244,277 [89th of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 2.76 [168th of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 205,470 [91st of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 2.32 [167th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 166,163 [99th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.87 [168th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 113,009 [112nd of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.28 [209th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 80,924 [116th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 0.91 [216th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 71,877 [109th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.81 [196th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 55,578 [115th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.63 [196th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 38,906 [117th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.44 [197th of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 22,670 [124th of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.26 [196th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 15,651 [124th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.18 [193rd of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 500,307 [79th of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 5.64 [80th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 475,812 [79th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.37 [80th of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 364,580 [89th of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.11 [144th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 296,691 [92nd of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.35 [193rd of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 313,242 [83rd of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.53 [119th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 284,082 [85th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 3.21 [136th of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 231,389 [84th of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 2.61 [156th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 176,479 [91st of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.99 [158th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 101,124 [108th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.14 [199th of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 61,929 [125th of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 0.7 [217th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 50,533 [119th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.57 [213rd of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 39,593 [124th of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.45 [212nd of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 28,897 [123rd of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.33 [206th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 16,148 [125th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.18 [206th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 12,669 [116th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.14 [187th of 224]
Median age > Female 17.6 years [201st of 224]
Median age > Male 17.4 years [201st of 224]
Median age > Total 17.5 years [201st of 224]
Nationality > Adjective Somali
Nationality > Noun Somali(s)
Percentage living in rural areas. 65% [42nd of 193]
Percentage living in urban areas 35% [155th of 199]
Population 9,558,666 [85th of 242]
Population > CIA Factbook 9,558,666 [85th of 240]

Population > Note
this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2007 est.)

Population ages 0-14 > % of total 44.12 % [20th of 185]
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 53.26 % [159th of 185]
Population ages 65 and above > % of total 2.62 % [170th of 185]
Population growth > annual % 3.25 annual % [11th of 195]
Population growth rate 2.824% [21st of 235]
Population in 2015 10,970 [79th of 225]
Population in largest city 1,319,732 [85th of 118]
Population in largest city (per capita) 0.16 per capita [53rd of 118]
Population in the largest city > % of urban population 45.57 % [19th of 118]
Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million 1,319,732 [86th of 106]
Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million (per capita) 0.16 per capita [67th of 106]
Population, female > % of total 50.4 % [94th of 190]
Projected population growth 240.5% [4th of 141]
Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 9 May 2002
Rural population 5,331,631 [69th of 193]
Rural population (per capita) 0.648 per capita [48th of 194]
Rural population growth > annual % 2.67 annual % [15th of 193]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.01 [88th of 223]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1 male(s)/female [101st of 224]
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.72 male(s)/female [147th of 223]
Sex ratio > At birth 1.03 male(s)/female [163rd of 223]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > 15–65 1.01 [87th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > at birth 1.03 [197th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > over 65 0.73 [133rd of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > total 1 [86th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > under 15 1.01 [202nd of 215]
Sex ratio > Total population 1 male(s)/female [73rd of 224]
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female [207th of 224]
Total fertility rate 6.6 children born/woman [4th of 225]
Total Population 8,863,338 [87th of 227]
Total population > Age 10-14 999,558 [78th of 224]
Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 11.28 [76th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 956,534 [79th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 10.79 [69th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 748,530 [85th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 8.45 [132nd of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 617,177 [90th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 6.96 [177th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 589,352 [84th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 6.65 [149th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 528,359 [86th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 5.96 [155th of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 436,859 [87th of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 4.93 [160th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 342,642 [95th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.87 [165th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 214,133 [112nd of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.42 [210th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 142,853 [120th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.61 [218th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 122,410 [113rd of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.38 [208th of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 95,171 [117th of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.07 [209th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 67,803 [120th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.76 [204th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 38,818 [127th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.44 [204th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 28,320 [122nd of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.32 [189th of 224]
Total Population > Female 4,436,876 [87th of 227]
Total Population > Male 4,426,462 [87th of 227]
Urban population 2,896,195 [105th of 195]
Urban population (per capita) 0.352 per capita [147th of 196]
Urban population growth > annual % 4.34 annual % [20th of 195]
Urbanization 28 [174th of 204]
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 32 [131st of 133]
Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 1 [171st of 170]
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 107 [75th of 173]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 1,100 [10th of 166]
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 34 [156th of 172]


 

SOURCES
 Wikipedia: List of African countries by population density ; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNICEF; Wikipedia: London ; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center ; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; World Development Indicators database and CIA World Factbook; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Wikipedia: Sex ratio ; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002)

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Somalia

Mortality
 

Death rate, crude > per 1,000 people 17.01 per 1,000 people [22nd of 195]
rate, adult, female > per 1,000 female adults 341.38 per 1,000 female adults [34th of 185]
rate, adult, male > per 1,000 male adults 394.57 per 1,000 male adults [34th of 185]
rate, infant > per 1,000 live births 133 per 1,000 live births [5th of 187]
rate, under-5 > per 1,000 225 per 1,000 [5th of 187]


 

SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Somalia

Immigration
 

immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population 3.427 [95th of 195]
immigrant population > Number of immigrants 282,000 [82nd of 195]
immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world >0.5%
International migration stock > % of population 3.42 % [105th of 205]
International migration stock, total 281,702 [84th of 205]
Net migration 170,000 [25th of 180]
Net migration (per capita) 20.662 per 1 million people [22nd of 185]
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 populati [77th of 225]
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 493 [117th of 151]
Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita) 59.919 per 1 million people [109th of 162]
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 395,553 [5th of 77]
Refugee population by country or territory of origin (per capita) 48.075 per 1 million people [5th of 77]
Refugees > Convention on refugees 10 Oct 1978 a
Refugees > US acceptance rates 2.2 [49th of 49]
Refugees > US applications 24,458 [1st of 64]
Refugees > US applications (per capita) 2.8466 per 1,000 people [2nd of 63]
Refugees > US applications approved 536 [11th of 53]
Refugees > US applications approved (per capita) 0.0623836 per 1,000 people [6th of 52]
Refugees > US applications denied 3,327 [2nd of 41]
Refugees > US applications denied (per capita) 0.387221 per 1,000 people [3rd of 40]
Refugees > US applications otherwise closed 14,335 [1st of 39]
Refugees > US applications otherwise closed (per capita) 1.66841 per 1,000 people [1st of 38]
Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs 1,100,000 [4th of 40]
Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs (per capita) 120.63 per 1,000 people [2nd of 40]
to Sweden 15,300 [17th of 24]
US visa lottery winners 566 US visa lottery winners [38th of 178]
US visa lottery winners (per capita) 65.8752 US visa lottery winners [33rd of 176]


 

SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of countries by immigrant population ; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations Treaty Collection; Nationmaster.com calculations based on USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) data; United States Citizenship and Immigration Services; Wikipedia: Demographics of Sweden ; US Department of State: Bureau of Consular Affairs

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

 Somalia

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