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1) General culture

Education

 

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Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 6.57 % of GNI [19th of 168]
Average years of schooling of adults 4.2 [73rd of 100]
Children out of school, primary 1,031,544 [6th of 126]
Children out of school, primary (per capita) 30.113 per 1,000 people [18th of 150]
Children out of school, primary, female 505,686 [6th of 117]
Children out of school, primary, female (per capita) 14.762 per 1,000 people [17th of 147]
Children out of school, primary, male 525,858 [5th of 117]
Children out of school, primary, male (per capita) 15.351 per 1,000 people [16th of 148]
Duration of compulsory education 8 years [119th of 171]
Duration of education > Primary level 7 [22nd of 181]
Duration of education > Secondary level 5 [174th of 181]
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 5,590,143 [21st of 189]
Education enrolment by level > Primary level (per capita) 0.174 per capita [21st of 172]
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 1,389,818 [46th of 171]
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level (per capita) 43.378 per 1,000 people [135th of 159]
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 98,607 [75th of 150]
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level (per capita) 3.144 per 1,000 people [113rd of 146]
Education enrolment by level, percentage girls > Primary level 48.31% [96th of 179]
Education enrolment by level, percentage girls > Secondary level 47.88% [113rd of 162]
Education enrolment by level, percentage girls > Tertiary level 34.67% [108th of 126]
Education enrolment ratio, net, primary level 79% [118th of 160]
Education enrolment ratio, net, primary level > Men 79% [113rd of 160]
Education enrolment ratio, net, primary level > Women 80% [111st of 160]
Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 6.8% [13th of 127]
Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 29.2% [1st of 85]
Education spending (% of GDP) 7% [20th of 132]
Education spending (% of total government expenditure) 22.1% [12th of 96]
Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 83.6% [55th of 112]
Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 74% [65th of 101]
Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Women 71.4% [65th of 101]
Education, primary completion rate 95 [50th of 148]
Education, primary completion rate > Men 96 [42nd of 145]
Education, primary completion rate > Women 94 [54th of 145]
Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 23.1% [116th of 135]
Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 23.57 % [3rd of 101]
Expenditure per student, secondary > % of GDP per capita 23.5 % [9th of 93]
Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita 262.63 % [7th of 81]
Female enrolment share > Primary level 49.5% [12th of 176]
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 47.6% [119th of 170]
Geographical aptitude results 67.875 [114th of 191]
Girls to boys ratio, primary level enrolment 0.96 [97th of 183]
Girls to boys ratio, secondary level enrolment 0.95 [95th of 172]
Girls to boys ratio, tertiary level enrolment 0.6 [109th of 139]
Grade 1 intake rate 30.3 [96th of 114]
Gross intake rate in grade 1, female > % of relevant age group 115.69 % [21st of 156]
Gross intake rate in grade 1, male > % of relevant age group 120.43 % [22nd of 156]
Gross intake rate in grade 1, total > % of relevant age group 118.07 % [20th of 157]
Illiteracy rates by sex, aged 15+ 14.9% [64th of 138]
Illiteracy rates by sex, aged 15+ > Men 9.4% [69th of 138]
Illiteracy rates by sex, aged 15+ > Women 20.3% [59th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ 2,807,300 [33rd of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ (per capita) 85.762 per 1,000 people [68th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Men 880,200 [38th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Men (per capita) 26.89 per 1,000 people [70th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Women 1,935,100 [32nd of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Women (per capita) 59.116 per 1,000 people [62nd of 138]
Literacy > Definition
age 15 and over can read and write
Literacy > Female 79.7% [97th of 157]
Literacy > Male 90.6% [88th of 156]
Literacy > Total population 85.1% [96th of 160]
Literacy rate, adult female > % of females ages 15 and above 70.23 % [76th of 121]
Literacy rate, adult male > % of males ages 15 and above 77.65 % [81st of 121]
Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above 73.61 % [81st of 121]
Literacy rate, youth female > % of females ages 15-24 80.71 % [75th of 123]
Literacy rate, youth male > % of males ages 15-24 79.81 % [89th of 123]
Literacy rate, youth total > % of people ages 15-24 80.32 % [79th of 123]
Literacy rates, aged 15-24 80.3% [23rd of 138]
Literacy rates, aged 15-24 > Men 79.8% [25th of 138]
Literacy rates, aged 15-24 > Women 80.7% [22nd of 138]
Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 41.8 % [76th of 95]
Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population 42.77 % [74th of 93]
Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population 40.84 % [79th of 93]
Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort 85.1 % [21st of 83]
Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort 80.85 % [23rd of 83]
Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort 82.89 % [25th of 92]
Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 93.97 % [35th of 138]
Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 96.11 % [27th of 138]
Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group 95.05 % [33rd of 141]
Primary education, duration > years 6 years [94th of 197]
Primary education, pupils 6,075,706 [8th of 176]
Primary education, pupils (per capita) 0.177 per capita [19th of 193]
Primary education, pupils > % female 48.72 % female [24th of 175]
Primary education, teachers 153,678 [10th of 159]
Primary education, teachers (per capita) 4.486 per 1,000 people [48th of 191]
Primary education, teachers > % female 44.76 % female [67th of 153]
Primary school girls out of school 17% [52nd of 99]
Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 6.74 % [9th of 136]
Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 29.19 % [1st of 103]
Public spending per student > Primary level 0.4 [127th of 126]
Public spending per student > Secondary level 1.2 [123rd of 123]
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 496.9 [8th of 123]
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 39.54 [27th of 159]
Pupils reaching grade 5 71.2 [83rd of 108]
Pupils-teacher ratio > primary level 29.8 [57th of 175]
Pupils-teacher ratio > secondary level 26.1 [25th of 121]
Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 60.07 [102nd of 137]
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 96.06 [57th of 174]
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 95.29 [59th of 162]
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 93.53 % [109th of 157]
Ratio of young literate females to males > % ages 15-24 101.12 % [14th of 123]
Repetition rate, primary > % of total enrollment 5.83 % [46th of 128]
Repetition rate, primary, female > % of total enrollment 5.63 % [43rd of 125]
Repetition rate, primary, male > % of total enrollment 6.02 % [47th of 125]
Repitition rate > Primary level 2 [110th of 143]
School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 53.91 % gross [31st of 159]
School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 53.64 % gross [32nd of 153]
School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 54.18 % gross [32nd of 153]
School enrollment, primary > % gross 114.09 % gross [22nd of 176]
School enrollment, primary > % net 79.92 % net [62nd of 139]
School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 111.78 % gross [21st of 174]
School enrollment, primary, female > % net 80.23 % net [57th of 137]
School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 116.37 % gross [24th of 174]
School enrollment, primary, male > % net 79.6 % net [61st of 136]
School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 4.46 % [51st of 139]
School enrollment, secondary > % gross 48.88 % gross [62nd of 164]
School enrollment, secondary > % net 42.11 % net [48th of 121]
School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 47.7 % gross [61st of 162]
School enrollment, secondary, female > % net 42.4 % net [48th of 119]
School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 50.06 % gross [66th of 162]
School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 41.83 % net [46th of 119]
School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 6.08 % [47th of 124]
School enrollment, tertiary > % gross 2.91 % gross [112nd of 141]
School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 2.19 % gross [106th of 137]
School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 3.64 % gross [107th of 137]
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 10 years [12th of 93]
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 9 years [13th of 93]
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 10 years [13th of 93]
Scientific and technical journal articles 258 [61st of 175]
Scouting > Membership > Guiding introduced 1920
Scouting > Membership > Scouting introduced 1910
Secondary education, general pupils 2,449,729 [13th of 183]
Secondary education, general pupils (per capita) 0.072 per 1,000 people [47th of 196]
Secondary education, pupils 2,464,042 [12th of 166]
Secondary education, pupils (per capita) 0.072 per capita [51st of 185]
Secondary education, pupils > % female 48.58 % female [46th of 153]
Secondary education, teachers 78,096 [16th of 141]
Secondary education, teachers (per capita) 2.28 per 1,000 people [57th of 188]
Secondary education, teachers > % female 38.41 % female [50th of 131]
Secondary education, vocational pupils 14,313 [47th of 163]
Secondary education, vocational pupils (per capita) 0.418 per 1,000 people [76th of 183]
Tertiary enrollment 3% [124th of 151]
Trained teachers in primary education > % of total teachers 98.8 % [14th of 61]
Trained teachers in primary education, female > % of female teachers 99.21 % [12th of 56]
Trained teachers in primary education, male > % of male teachers 98.47 % [11th of 56]
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, aged 15-24 1.01 [7th of 138]
World Organization of the Scout Movement > Members > Admits Boys/Girls both


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; UNESCO; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; United Nations Human Development Programme; The Geography Zone; World Bank; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Household survey data, net enrolment data from UNESCO, and data from UNICEF country offices; Wikipedia: Scouting ; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members

Health

 

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% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 84 [116th of 187]
% immunized 1-year-old children > HepB3 84 [69th of 114]
% immunized 1-year-old children > Measles 78 [130th of 186]
% immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3 83 [123rd of 187]
% immunized 1-year-old children > TB 91 [89th of 153]
% immunized pregnant women tetanus 60 [25th of 54]
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural 82 [56th of 140]
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total 87 [67th of 144]
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 96 [63rd of 141]
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural 42 [124th of 146]
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Total 57 [128th of 150]
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban 88 [107th of 147]
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total 5 [128th of 133]
% under-fives with ARI -- 20 [13th of 79]
% under-fives with ARI taken to health provider 57 [33rd of 80]
Abortion law > National laws > Physical Health Restricted
Access to sanitation 38% [111st of 129]
Adolescent fertility rate > births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 95.13 births [33rd of 184]
ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider 49 % [8th of 52]
Birth rate, crude > per 1,000 people 39.22 per 1,000 people [24th of 195]
Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 41.6 % [41st of 76]
Births with health staff 44% [92nd of 116]
Children living with AIDS 220,000 [5th of 80]
Children living with AIDS (per capita) 6.5031 per 1,000 people [9th of 80]
Children Underweight Rate 7% [29th of 95]
Contraception 39% [55th of 89]
Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 39.3 % [8th of 57]
Dependency ratio per 100 80 [47th of 166]
Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding 33.3 % [8th of 47]
Drinking water availability % 57% [126th of 147]
Drug access 0% [160th of 163]
expenditure per capita > current US$ 20.1 $ [157th of 186]
expenditure, private > % of GDP 2.35 % [92nd of 187]
expenditure, public > % of GDP 1.75 % [152nd of 187]
expenditure, total > % of GDP 4.1 % [148th of 187]
External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 18.3 % [34th of 141]
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health 16.4% [35th of 179]
Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 61.67 % [4th of 112]
Fertility rate, total > births per woman 4.98 births per woman [30th of 194]
Healthy life expectancy at birth, years > Females 44.8 [158th of 186]
Healthy life expectancy at birth, years > Males 44.1 [154th of 186]
Healthy life expectancy at birth, years > Total population 44.4 [156th of 186]
HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 6.7% [15th of 136]
HIV AIDS > Deaths 150,000 [5th of 102]
HIV AIDS > Deaths (per capita) 4,582.424 per million people [11th of 102]
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 1,200,000 [6th of 126]
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS (per capita) 36.659 per 1,000 people [10th of 126]
HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49 15.01 [8th of 114]
HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 15 [9th of 145]
HIVAIDS > children orphaned by AIDS 0-14 years, 892,000 [4th of 82]
Hospital beds > per 1,000 people 1.65 per 1,000 people [100th of 149]
Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 76 % [153rd of 190]
Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 69 % [161st of 190]
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 43 % [125th of 167]
Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access 41 % [108th of 167]
Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access 46 % [160th of 173]
Improved water source > % of population with access 61 % [146th of 176]
Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 46 % [151st of 174]
Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access 83 % [148th of 181]
Incidence of tuberculosis > per 100,000 people 641.01 per 100,000 people [6th of 200]
Infant mortality rate 62.62 [42nd of 179]
Infant mortality rate > Female 53.02 deaths/1,000 live births [42nd of 225]
Infant mortality rate > Male 58.95 deaths/1,000 live births [48th of 225]
Infant mortality rate > Total 56.01 deaths/1,000 live births [47th of 225]
Intestinal diseases death rate 32.26% [33rd of 141]
life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est.
Life expectancy at birth > Female 56.87 years [188th of 226]
Life expectancy at birth > Male 56.42 years [181st of 226]
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 56.64 years [184th of 225]
Life expectancy at birth, female > years 48.11 years [159th of 194]
Life expectancy at birth, male > years 49.82 years [154th of 194]
Life expectancy at birth, total > years 48.99 years [155th of 194]
Life expectancy at birth, years > Females 49 [163rd of 186]
Life expectancy at birth, years > Males 50 [160th of 186]
Life expectancy at birth, years > Total population 50 [161st of 186]
Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk high
Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases
bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Major infectious diseases > Water contact disease schistosomiasis
Malaria % under-fives sleeping under a bednet 16 [18th of 35]
Malaria % under-fives sleeping under a treated bednet 3 [9th of 28]
Malaria % under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs 65 [4th of 34]
Malaria cases > per 100,000 545 [45th of 94]
Malaria prevention, use of insecticide-treated bed nets > % of under-5 population 5 % [4th of 27]
Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5 30.3 % [8th of 52]
Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5 19.9 % [12th of 63]
Maternal mortality 590 per 100,000 [12th of 136]
Measles immunization 79 [121st of 168]
Nutrition > % of children who are still breastfeeding 20-23 months 24 [70th of 105]
Nutrition > % of children who are � exclusively breastfed 6 months 5 [122nd of 125]
Nutrition > % of households consuming iodized salt 91 [21st of 112]
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe 35 [36th of 132]
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe 21 [51st of 137]
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight severe 6 [37th of 104]
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe 6 [67th of 128]
Nutrition > Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate 6-59 months 90 [27th of 57]
Oral rehydration rate % 30 [19th of 73]
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 80% [130th of 185]
Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 81.9 % [114th of 185]
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 31 [148th of 185]
Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 70 [152nd of 185]
Physicians > per 1,000 people 0.14 per 1,000 people [42nd of 148]
Population suffering from undernourishment in 1990-1992 39 % [20th of 106]
Population suffering from undernourishment in 2001-2003 31 % [23rd of 108]
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care > % 88.1 % [9th of 62]
Prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health 6.9% [53rd of 159]
Prevalence of HIV, total > % of population ages 15-49 6.09 % [15th of 148]
Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 31 % [27th of 172]
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 56% [47th of 185]
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 98 per 1,000 people [46th of 187]
Probability of not reaching 40 34.6% [28th of 111]
Probability of reaching 65 > Female 43.6% [138th of 159]
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 38.5% [136th of 159]
Respiratory disease child death rate 130.66 (est)
Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 1 % [7th of 43]
Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 21.3 % [6th of 42]
Spending > Per person 31 [94th of 133]
Spending > Private 5.5 [6th of 141]
Spending > Public 2.4%
Tobacco > Adult female smokers 31.9 [11th of 114]
Tobacco > Adult male smokers 66.8 [3rd of 115]
Tobacco > Cigarette consumption 200 [93rd of 106]
Tobacco > Total adult smokers 49.4 [4th of 121]
Tobacco > Total young smokers 13% [28th of 30]
Tobacco > Young female smokers 10 [28th of 32]
Tobacco > Young male smokers 10 [28th of 32]
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP 4.9% [127th of 185]
Total fertility rate 3.9 [58th of 166]
Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 289 [8th of 165]
Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS > % 42.76 % [132nd of 178]
Tuberculosis immunisation 96% [59th of 134]
Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 80.29 % [85th of 171]
Unmet need for contraception > % of married women ages 15-49 24.5 % [3rd of 13]
Water availability 985 cubic meters [144th of 169]
Women circumcised 6.8 [5th of 27]
Women circumcised (per capita) 0.000201005 per 1,000 people [14th of 27]
Women circumcised share 6.8% [5th of 27]

SOURCES
UNICEF; Wikipedia: Abortion law ; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; World Development Indicators database; WHO 2002a; UNHDR; UNICEF; UN (United Nations). 2002. United Nations Population Division Database on Contraceptive Use. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. January. New York; World Health Organization; World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report and updates provided by UNICEF to the United Nations Millennium Indicator Database; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations, Demographic Yearbook, 1997; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; World Health Organisation. 1997-1999 World Health Statistics Annual. Geneva: WHO, 2000; Wikipedia: List of countries by life expectancy ; UNHDR; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; Wikipedia: List of countries by percentage of population suffering from undernourishment ; The World Health Report 2001; UN 2001 via backone.pdf; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; ; World Health Organization; World Health Organization2005; Unicef (1994)

Sports

 

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1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 19 [6th of 18]
1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 20 [4th of 17]
1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games > Medals 2 [8th of 9]
1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 9 [10th of 16]
1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games > Medals 4 [6th of 12]
1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 8 [13th of 19]
1970 British Commonwealth Games > Medals 5 [3rd of 13]
1970 British Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 5 [22nd of 24]
1972 Summer Paralympics > Gold 1 [25th of 25]
1972 Summer Paralympics > Total 1 [29th of 30]
1974 British Commonwealth Games > Medals 7 [4th of 14]
1974 British Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 5 [15th of 18]
1978 Commonwealth Games > Medals 7 [3rd of 12]
1978 Commonwealth Games > Medals > Pos 4 [16th of 18]
1980 Summer Paralympics > Gold 1 [28th of 34]
1980 Summer Paralympics > Silver 2 [27th of 32]
1980 Summer Paralympics > Total 3 [31st of 40]
1982 Commonwealth Games > Medals table > Pos 9 [15th of 20]
1982 Commonwealth Games > Medals table > Total 10 [6th of 20]
1988 Summer Paralympics > Bronze 1 [41st of 42]
1988 Summer Paralympics > Silver 4 [28th of 45]
1988 Summer Paralympics > Total 5 [38th of 48]
1992 Summer Paralympics > Bronze 1 [39th of 47]
1992 Summer Paralympics > Gold 1 [38th of 39]
1992 Summer Paralympics > Total 2 [45th of 53]
1992 World Rally Championship season > Events > Podium Cars
# Toyota Celica Turbo 4WD # Lancia Delta HF Integrale # Lancia Delta HF Integrale
1992 World Rally Championship season > Events > Start-End Date 27 March-1 April
1995 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 23.
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Bronze 3 [24th of 61]
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Gold 1 [50th of 53]
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population 27 390 000
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population > /medal 3 424 000
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Silver 4 [21st of 57]
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Total 8 [26th of 79]
1996 Summer Paralympics > Gold 1 [48th of 50]
1996 Summer Paralympics > Silver 1 [50th of 51]
1996 Summer Paralympics > Total 2 [49th of 59]
1997 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 17.
1997 World Rally Championship season > Events > Podium Cars
# Subaru Impreza WRC # Mitsubishi Carisma GT Evo 4 # Toyota Celica GT-Four
1997 World Rally Championship season > Events > Start-End Date 1 March-3 March
1999 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 17.
1999 World Championships in Athletics > Medals Table > Position 13.
1999 World Rally Championship season > Events > Podium Cars
# Ford Focus WRC # Toyota Corolla WRC # Toyota Corolla WRC
1999 World Rally Championship season > Events > Start-End Date 26 February-28 February
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Bronze 2 [38th of 68]
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Gold 2 [28th of 51]
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population 30 549 000
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population > /medal 4 364 000
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Silver 3 [29th of 53]
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Total 7 [30th of 79]
2000 Summer Paralympics > Bronze 2 [43rd of 58]
2000 Summer Paralympics > Gold 1 [43rd of 51]
2000 Summer Paralympics > Silver 1 [51st of 55]
2000 Summer Paralympics > Total 4 [45th of 66]
2000 World Rally Championship season > Events > Podium Cars
# Subaru Impreza WRC # Subaru Impreza WRC # SEAT Córdoba WRC E2
2000 World Rally Championship season > Events > Start-End Date 25 March -27 March
2001 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 26.
2001 World Championships in Athletics > Medals Table > Position 3.
2001 World Rally Championship season > Events > Podium Cars
# Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution 6 # Peugeot 206 WRC # Škoda Octavia WRC
2001 World Rally Championship season > Events > Start-End Date 20 July-22 July
2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 14.
2003 World Championships in Athletics > Medals Table > Position 7.
2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Place 5.
2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Total 4 [3rd of 31]
All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games > 1970 British Commonwealth Games > Gold 11 [7th of 22]
All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games > 1974 British Commonwealth Games > Gold 18 [6th of 24]
All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games > 2002 Commonwealth Games > Gold 53 [6th of 38]
All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games > 2006 Commonwealth Games > Gold 59 [6th of 38]
All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games > 2006 Commonwealth Games > Silver 47 [8th of 41]
Chess > GrandMasters 0 [127th of 135]
Chess > GrandMasters (per capita) 0 per 100,000 population [127th of 135]
Chess > International Masters 0 [127th of 135]
Chess > International Masters (per capita) 0 per 1 million population [127th of 135]
Chess > World Chess Rankings 1,997 [127th of 135]
Cricket clothing and equipment > Team colours > Background Light Green
Cricket clothing and equipment > Team colours > Foreground and Lettering Red
FIFA World Ranking > Men 483 [90th of 198]
FIFA World Ranking > Men (per capita) 14.277 per 1 million people [162nd of 197]
Henry Amike > Achievements > Extra 400 m hurdles
Henry Amike > Achievements > Result 3rd
Henry Amike > Achievements > Tournament
All-Africa Games
ICCF national member federations > Official ICCF Delegate Kim Bha
International Cricket Council members > Associate Members > Member Since 1981
Olympic medals > Bronze > Sydney 2000 2 [43rd of 64]
Olympic medals > Bronze > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.591 per 10 million people [52nd of 64]
Olympic medals > Gold > Sydney 2000 2 [28th of 48]
Olympic medals > Gold > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.059 per capita [37th of 48]
Olympic medals > Silver > Sydney 2000 3 [24th of 50]
Olympic medals > Silver > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.009 per 100,000 people [33rd of 50]
Olympic medals > Total > Sydney 2000 7 [28th of 75]
Olympic medals > Total > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 2.069 per 10 million people [50th of 75]
Olympic point totals > Sydney 2000 14 [29th of 79]
Olympic point totals > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.413834 per 1 million people [50th of 79]
Summer olympic medals > All time 54 [32nd of 116]
Summer olympic medals > All time (per capita) 15.962 per 10 million people [52nd of 116]
Table Tennis at the 2006 Commonwealth Games > Men's Team > Losses 5 [5th of 15]
Table Tennis at the 2006 Commonwealth Games > Men's Team > Wins 1 [13th of 14]
World Rally Championship records > Event wins > Wins 8 [9th of 10]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1970 British Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1972 Summer Paralympics ; Wikipedia: 1974 British Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1978 Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1980 Summer Paralympics ; Wikipedia: 1982 Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: 1988 Summer Paralympics ; Wikipedia: 1992 Summer Paralympics ; Wikipedia: 1992 World Rally Championship season ; Wikipedia: 1995 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita ; Wikipedia: 1996 Summer Paralympics ; Wikipedia: 1997 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 1997 World Rally Championship season ; Wikipedia: 1999 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 1999 World Championships in Athletics ; Wikipedia: 1999 World Rally Championship season ; Wikipedia: 2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita ; Wikipedia: 2000 Summer Paralympics ; Wikipedia: 2000 World Rally Championship season ; Wikipedia: 2001 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 2001 World Championships in Athletics ; Wikipedia: 2001 World Rally Championship season ; Wikipedia: 2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 2003 World Championships in Athletics ; Wikipedia: 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games ; World Chess Federation, 2006; Wikipedia: Cricket clothing and equipment ; Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA); Wikipedia: Henry Amike ; Wikipedia: ICCF national member federations ; Wikipedia: List of International Cricket Council members ; International Olympic Committee; The Golden Book of the Olympic Games ; Wikipedia: Table Tennis at the 2006 Commonwealth Games ; Wikipedia: List of World Rally Championship records

Food
 

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beverages and tobacco > % of value added in manufacturing 38.17 % [19th of 103]
exports > % of merchandise exports 39.72 % [26th of 156]
imports > % of merchandise imports 10.39 % [76th of 155]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

Language
 

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English speakers 0 [47th of 52]
English speakers (per $ GDP) 0 per $10,000 of GDP [31st of 35]
English speakers (per capita) 0 per 100 people [42nd of 46]
English status
Official language. Bible 1535-1989.
English-speaking population > As an additional language 2,700,000 [25th of 59]
English-speaking population > Total 2,700,000 [29th of 99]
Languages
English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Languages of the African Union > Illiteracy > Literacy rate 73.6 [127th of 174]


SOURCES
Ethnologue; Wikipedia: List of countries by English-speaking population ; Wikipedia: List of countries by English-speaking population; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Languages of the African Union


2) Religion
 

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Catholic > Diocesan priests 913 [37th of 143]
Catholic > Diocesan priests (per capita) 0.0269879 per 1,000 people [72nd of 143]
Catholic > Dioceses 26 [24th of 150]
Catholic > Dioceses (per capita) 0.000768549 per 1,000 people [83rd of 148]
Catholic > Parishes 654 [41st of 149]
Catholic > Parishes (per capita) 0.019332 per 1,000 people [79th of 147]
Catholic > Permanent Deacons 1 [84th of 90]
Catholic > Permanent Deacons (per capita) 0.0295596 per 1 million people [84th of 90]
Catholic > Religious Priests 912 [26th of 148]
Catholic > Religious Priests (per capita) 0.0269583 per 1,000 people [64th of 147]
Catholic > Total Priests 1,938 [33rd of 149]
Catholic > Total Priests (per capita) 0.0572864 per 1,000 people [69th of 148]
Catholics 7,141,000 [26th of 140]
Catholics as percentage 23.26 [65th of 150]
Islam > Number of Muslim 8,000,000 [29th of 67]
Islam > Percentage 7% [78th of 164]
Islam > Percentage Muslim 7% [80th of 168]
Islam > Population 2,368,071 [56th of 165]
Islam > Shia 560,000 [26th of 67]
Islam > Shia to Muslim 7 % [30th of 67]
Islam > Sunni 7,440,000 [29th of 67]
Islam > Sunni to Muslim 93 % [37th of 67]
Islam in Africa > Islamic population in Africa and population percentage > Population 18 % [29th of 45]
Jehovahs Witnesses 20,286 [47th of 178]
Jehovahs Witnesses (per capita) 0.506592 per 1,000 people [141st of 177]
Jews 400 [76th of 89]
Jews (per capita) 0.0118238 per 1,000 people [82nd of 89]
Muslim 24 % [47th of 66]
Protestantism > By country > Protestants 12,855,244 [10th of 167]
Protestantism > By country > Protestants > % Protestant 38 % [29th of 163]

Religions
Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%; note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely

Religions > A note
a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
Religions > All
Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, indigenous beliefs 10%, Muslim 10%, other 2%
Religions > Muslim 10 % [65th of 100]
Religions > Protestant 45 % [8th of 51]
Religions > Roman Catholic 33 % [60th of 96]
Roman Catholicism > By country > Roman Catholicism > % Catholic 28 % [62nd of 170]
Roman Catholicism > By country > Roman Catholicism > Catholic total 9,472,285 [23rd of 170]
Seventh-day Adventist Membership 530,341 [7th of 232]
Seventh-day Adventist Membership (per capita) 156,766.479 per 10 million people [45th of 222]


SOURCES
Catholic Hierarchy.org; Wikipedia: Demographics of Islam ; CIA World Factbook; International Religious Freedom Report 2004, U.S. State Department; Wikipedia: Islam in Africa ; watchtower.org - 2002 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide; World Jewish Congress (WJC), 1998; Wikipedia: Protestantism by country ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; Wikipedia: Roman Catholicism by country ; adventiststatistics.org 2004 Annual Report 31 December 2004


3) Media
 

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Ally McBeal > Broadcasters > TV network Kenya Television Network
Average cost of local call 0.04 [107th of 151]
Big Four pageants > Statistics > Total Grand Slam wins 1 [41st of 53]
Cinema attendance 850,000 [66th of 78]
Cinema attendance (per capita) 25.1256 per 1,000 people [74th of 78]
Cinemas 20 [40th of 61]
Cinemas (per capita) 0.666 per million people [42nd of 60]
Cinemas > Annual attendance 900,000 [45th of 65]
Cinemas > Annual attendance (per capita) 0.03 per capita [50th of 64]
Cinemas > Seats 6,600 [29th of 44]
Cinemas > Seats (per capita) 0.22 per 1,000 people [33rd of 43]
Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service exports 12.92 % [101st of 153]
Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports 29.22 % [62nd of 155]
Daily newspapers > per 1,000 people 8.34 per 1,000 people [55th of 89]
DVD region 5 [63rd of 171]
E-Government rating 44 [73rd of 182]
Fax machines 0.12 per 1,000 people [98th of 103]
Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > per 1,000 people 142.86 per 1,000 people [112nd of 193]
HAM radio prefixes 5YA - 5ZZ
Households with television > % 17.08 % [114th of 160]
Information and communication technology expenditure > current US$ 552,900,000 $ [71st of 74]
Information and communication technology expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.028 $ per $1 of GDP [68th of 74]
Information and communication technology expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 15.043 $ per capita [73rd of 74]
International dialling code 254
International voice traffic > out and in, minutes 176,581,000 min. [50th of 164]
International voice traffic > out and in, minutes (per capita) 5.276 min. per capita [67th of 185]
Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$ 421,000,000 $ [29th of 101]
Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$ (per $ GDP) 22.477 $ per $1,000 of GDP [8th of 130]
Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$ (per capita) 12.29 $ per capita [40th of 132]
Mobile phone subscribers 4,611,970 [56th of 198]
Mobile phone subscribers (per capita) 134.634 per 1 million people [117th of 201]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Daily 250,000 [45th of 90]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Daily (per capita) 8.33 per 1,000 people [55th of 90]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Non-daily 110,000 [35th of 46]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Non-daily (per capita) 3.665 per 1,000 people [41st of 46]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Daily 4 [66th of 106]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Daily (per capita) 0.133 per million people [74th of 104]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Non-daily 10 [58th of 69]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Non-daily (per capita) 0.333 per million people [63rd of 68]
Number of PCs 441 [70th of 169]
Number of PCs (per $ GDP) 0.127 per $10 million of GDP [58th of 144]
Number of PCs (per capita) 0.13 per 10,000 people [132nd of 169]
Personal computers 300,000 [71st of 164]
Personal computers (per capita) 9.165 per 1 million people [130th of 171]
Phone subscribers 29.6 [145th of 178]
Price basket for mobile > US$ per month 16.55 $/month [41st of 185]
Price basket for residential fixed line > US$ per month 13.92 $/month [53rd of 151]
Radio broadcast stations AM 24, FM 18, shortwave 6
Radio receivers 3,070,000 [72nd of 188]
Radio receivers (per capita) 0.107 per capita [155th of 182]
Radios 3,070,000 [74th of 221]
Radios (per capita) 90.7479 per 1,000 people [186th of 212]
Royalties and fees $0.20 [52nd of 85]
Telecommunications investment > % of revenue 12.17 % [58th of 165]
Telecommunications investment > current LCU 6374000000
Telecommunications revenue > % GDP 4.09 % GDP [54th of 167]
Telecommunications revenue > current LCU 52393000000
Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes 3 $ [19th of 142]
Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per $ GDP) 185.202 $ per $1 trillion of GD [37th of 174]
Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per capita) 89.64 $ per 1 million people [68th of 178]
Telephone employees, total 20,162 [26th of 194]
Telephone employees, total (per capita) 0.602 per 1,000 people [64th of 202]
Telephone faults > per 100 mainlines 130.4 per 100 mainlines [2nd of 134]
Telephone mainlines 281,764 [91st of 202]
Telephone mainlines (per capita) 8.225 per 1,000 people [131st of 203]
Telephone subscribers 4,893,734 [59th of 199]
Telephone subscribers (per capita) 0.145 per 1,000 people [113rd of 201]
Telephone subscribers per employee 141.13 [85th of 191]

Telephone system > Domestic
no recent growth in fixed-line infrastructure and the sole provider, Telkom Kenya, is slated for privatization; multiple providers in the mobile-cellular segment of the market fostering a boom in mobile-cellular telephone usage

Telephone system > General assessment
inadequate; fixed-line telephone system is small and inefficient; trunks are primarily microwave radio relay; business data commonly transferred by a very small aperture terminal (VSAT) system
Telephone system > International
country code - 254; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
Telephone system > Regulation 1999
Telephones > Main lines in use 264,800 [90th of 174]
Telephones > Main lines in use (per capita) 7.173 per 1,000 people [118th of 173]
Telephones > Mobile cellular 11,440,000 [41st of 186]
Telephones > Mobile cellular (per capita) 309.912 per 1,000 people [120th of 185]
Television broadcast stations 8 [4th of 89]
Television broadcast stations (per capita) 0.25 per million people [16th of 67]
Television receivers 730,000 [89th of 185]
Television receivers (per capita) 25.486 per 1,000 people [138th of 179]
Television standard > UHF PAL G
Television standard > VHF PAL B
Televisions 730,000 [92nd of 215]
Televisions (per capita) 21.5785 per 1,000 people [170th of 209]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: Ally McBeal ; ; Wikipedia: Big Four pageants ; UNESCO Institute for Statistics, March 11, 2003; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; World Development Indicators database; Amazon.com; report presents the second annual update on global e-government, i.e., the delivery of public sector information and online services through the Internet. This report studies the features that are available online at national government websites. Using a detailed analysis of 1.197 government websites in 198 different nations, it measures the information and services that are online, chart the variations that exist across countries, and discuss how e-government sites vary by region of the world. In order to see how the 198 nations ranked overall, the E-Government Ranking 2002 created a 0 to 100 point index and applied it to each nation's websites based on the availability of contact information, publications, databases, portals, and number of online services. (2002); The Information for Development Program; hamcity.com; ITU; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; aggregates calculated for the Human Development Report Office by the World Bank; ITU-BDT Telecommunications Regulatory Database; Tenlab May 2002

Internet
 

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Country code .ke
Hosts 27,376 [84th of 228]
Hosts (per capita) 721.297 per million people [148th of 222]
International Internet bandwidth > Mbps 105 Mbps [85th of 167]
International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per $ GDP) 6.482 Mbps per $1 trillion of [109th of 184]
International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per capita) 3.137 Mbps per 1 billion peop [121st of 188]
Internet Service Providers 65 [15th of 229]
Internet Service Providers (per capita) 0.00192137 per 1,000 people [101st of 215]
ISP 65 [5th of 162]
ISP (per capita) 2,072.442 per billion people [14th of 127]
Livejournal users 46 [169th of 226]
Price basket for Internet > US$ per month 75.93 $/month [11th of 180]
Secure Internet servers 17 [107th of 183]
Secure Internet servers (per capita) 0.263 per 1 million people [155th of 189]
TLD .ke
Users 3,000,000 [51st of 190]
Users (per capita) 81.271 per 1,000 people [112nd of 184]


SOURCES
IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; LiveJournal


4) Tourism

Right Now
Kenya has a reputation for being a remarkable breeding ground. Anthropologists recognize it as one of the birthplaces of humankind; in the West, it’s also known as the country where Barack Obama’s father and numerous marathon winners were born. But Kenya is also growing as a center of commerce in East Africa. For both business trips and leisure travel, Kenya has much to offer its visitors.
In addition to the famed Masai Mara Game Reserve, in southwestern Kenya, where safari aficionados can view lions, giraffes, and zebras from the comfort of a jeep, the country allows its guests the chance to explore amazing beaches and city life. We recommend taking a few weeks to explore Kenya: from the bustling streets of Nairobi to the coastal peacefulness of Mombasa and the intriguing and eye-opening landscapes of safari reserves, Kenya is one of Africa’s jewels.

The Top 10: What to Do in Kenya
1. Masai Mara Game Reserve: Photographs and film cannot begin to be equivalent to seeing the amazing Big Five game—lions, African elephants, Cape buffalo, leopards, and black rhinoceros—right in front of you during a safari. “Big Five” is a traditional hunting term that refers to the five animals most difficult to hunt, given their aggressive nature (game hunting is largely illegal in Kenya). Check with your hotel about booking a multiday safari. Take it from us: it is worth the time and the money to invest in an experience that will supply you with memories (and pictures!) for a lifetime.
2. Wildebeest Migration at Masai Mara: From July to September, one of the most magnificent of events takes place throughout the Masai Mara Game Reserve. The wildebeest migration comprises hundreds of thousands of wildebeests, zebras, gazelles, and other animals in a stampede for grazing land. While one can observe the move from a safari vehicle, we highly recommend the renting of a hot air balloon for viewing the wildebeest migration or even just to see the beauty of the Mara.
3. Nairobi: As Kenya’s capital and its most populated city, Nairobi is teeming with activities, foods, and naturally beautiful phenomena. Whether you are looking to go shopping in a mall or an outdoor market, eat traditional Kenyan cuisine or game meat, hike in a game reserve, or roam the busy streets of East Africa’s largest city, Nairobi is worth a few days of your time. For more information, check out our dedicated page on Nairobi.
4. David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust and the Giraffe Center: These two animal centers stand out as offering some of the best daytime activities in Nairobi. The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust specializes in raising orphaned elephants and black rhinos and reintroducing them to the wild. Every morning, visitors can watch the elephants be fed and bathed. Few sights are more charming than that of these young creatures interacting with the center’s staff, and the daily program provides you with insight into the techniques and rationale for the center’s goals. (+254 (0) 202 301 396; rc-h@africaonline.co.ke)
Ever kissed a giraffe? It might serve you well. Giraffes have foot-long tongues that get plenty of sunlight during feeding times, and the animals have eaten acacia tree thorns for generations. Thus, giraffe saliva has antiseptic, sunproofing properties, so don’t be afraid of a smooch here or there! The center is home to the endangered Rothschild giraffe, and in addition to getting close to the animals, visitors can spend some time learning about the center’s history and mission. We guarantee that the Giraffe Center will provide you with one of the best photo opportunities of your trip.
5. Nairobi National Park: With giraffes in one direction and skyscrapers in the other, this park is the only protected area in the world in close proximity to a capital city (it’s seven kilometers from Nairobi). More than 400 species of birds having been observed—as well as leopards, lions, cheetahs, zebras, giraffes, black rhinos, and more—the Nairobi National Park is worth a day’s visit. We recommend that you ask your hotel for the names of reputable touring companies that can take you through the park. You will need to take a valid passport to the park’s entrance in order to be granted entry. (+254-20-600800; reservations@kws.go.ke)
6. Fort Jesus and Old Town in Mombasa: Mombasa’s (LINK TK) Fort Jesus stands at the crossroads of the city’s tangled history with Europe and the Middle East. The Portuguese built this stronghold in 1593 and spent the next hundred years fighting with the Arabs to maintain control. When the British ruled Mombasa, the fort was turned into a prison, and in 1958 the area was made a national park. The architecture is worth gazing at, the museum has centuries-old artifacts, and the fort is a great jumping-off point for a trip into Old Town.
The beauty of the ancient buildings of Old Town makes this neighborhood a must-see during your visit to Mombasa. Ornate carved doors and balconies, built in the 1600s, reflect a Portuguese influence, while the street design and architecture display touches of the Middle East.
7. Lamu: This one-vehicle island is a world away from mainland Kenya, with its 1700s-era architecture and predominantly Muslim population. If you’re on the water, take a ride in a dhow, a traditional Arab sailing vessel; if you’re on land, walking is the best method to explore places like Lamu Town, where you can eat fresh seafood and explore winding streets and colorful markets. The best way to get to the island is by plane, a short trip from Nairobi; check with your hotel or a local travel agent about your trip to Lamu.
8. Amboseli National Park: For a safari that’s off the beaten path, we recommend Amboseli National Park, with its view of Mount Kilimanjaro as a gorgeous backdrop. Because it is one of the smaller parks in Kenya, visitors are more likely to spot the endangered black rhinoceros, as well as the other four members of the Big Five.
9. Mount Kenya: The second-highest mountain on the entire continent of Africa, Mount Kenya is located in the central region of the country. While reaching its summit requires some prior mountaineering experience, many lesser peaks and beautiful glaciers are accessible by hiking paths. We recommend that you plan your visit to Mount Kenya during peak weather periods (January and February, and late August until September). The mountain trails are perfect for viewing wildlife and flora. Any trip into Mount Kenya National Park should be organized with a registered guide; that is the only way to ensure your safety, for the paths throughout the park can be confusing.
10. Great Rift Valley: Commonly referred to as “the cradle of humanity,” the Great Rift Valley has been a central location for excavations of early human skeletons and artifacts. Worth checking out is Lake Nakuru, which attracts thousands of vibrant pink flamingos. We also recommend seeing Lake Naivasha, a freshwater body that is frequented by groups of hippos, water buffalo, and an amazing variety of birds. You can take a single-day or a multiday safari through the Great Rift Valley; just check with your hotel staff for their recommendations for trustworthy touring companies.

When to Go
Geography plays a large part in helping tourists choose the best times for visiting Kenya. Most of the country has two wet and two dry seasons. April is the wettest month, and August is the driest; on average, February is the hottest month, and July is the coolest. Because of Nairobi’s elevation, the city typically has low temperatures year-round, making it a popular destination regardless of the time of year. As for the rest of the country, the climate varies significantly from the tropical coast to the arid interior, where drought is common. The hottest and driest weather generally occurs from January through March—ideal for bird-watching and safaris. Because of the agreeable weather, that is prime tourist season, so plan accordingly.
The annual (and astonishing) wildebeest migration takes place from July until September, when thousands of wildebeest and zebras travel across the Masai Mara National Reserve. The sight of the migration is one you will never forget, and we highly recommend that you plan your trip around this outstanding event.

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