Egypt at a glance        0  322 reads

Geography

Area: 1,001,450 sq. km. (386,000 sq. mi.); approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined. Cities: Capital--Cairo (pop. estimated at 16 million). Other cities--Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia. Terrain: Desert, except Nile valley and delta. Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters.


People

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Egyptian(s). Population (July 2007 est.): 80,335,036. Annual population growth rate (2007 est.): 1.72%. Ethnic groups: Egyptian, Bedouin Arab, Nubian. Religions: Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian 9%, other Christian 1%. Languages: Arabic (official), English, French. Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-15. Literacy--total adult 58%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2006 est.)--31.33 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2006 est.)--71 years.

Government

Type: Republic. Independence: 1922. Constitution: 1971. Branches: Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet. Legislative--People's Assembly (444 elected and 10 presidentially appointed members; an additional 64 seats for women were created in 2009), and Shura (consultative) Council (176 elected members, 88 presidentially appointed). Judicial--Supreme Constitutional Court. Administrative subdivisions: 29 governorates. Principal political parties: National Democratic Party (ruling). Principal opposition parties--New Wafd Party, Al Ghad Party, Democratic Front Party, National Progressive Unionist Grouping (Tagammau), and Nasserite Party. Suffrage: Universal at 18.


Economy

GDP (FY 2009 est.): $188 billion. Annual growth rate (FY 2009 est.): 4.7%. Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2009 est.): $5,650. Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc. Agriculture: Products--cotton, rice, onions, beans, citrus fruits, wheat, corn, barley, sugar. Industry: Types--food processing, textiles, chemicals, petrochemicals, construction, light manufacturing, iron and steel products, aluminum, cement, military equipment. Trade (FY 2009): Exports--$25.2 billion: petroleum, clothing and textiles, cotton, fruits and vegetables, manufactured goods. Major markets--EU, U.S., Middle East. Imports--$50.3 billion: machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, livestock, food and beverages, paper and wood products, chemicals. Major suppliers--EU, U.S., China.

Background


The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty with the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's growing population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

SOURCES

All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Egypt, Arab Republic of Egypt, Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah, Misr

Identification
 
15 character
Egypt
30 character
Egypt
Country name Egypt
Country name > Conventional long form Arab Republic of Egypt
Country name > Conventional short form Egypt
Country name > Former
United Arab Republic (with Syria)
Country name > Local long form
Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Country name > Local short form Misr
ISO code 818
ISO long EGY
ISO short EG
Native names Mişr or Maşr مصر
Oceanographic code 27
Translation > Catalan Egipte
Translation > French Egypte
Translation > German �gypten
Translation > Italian Egitto
Translation > Portugese Egito
Translation > Spanish Egipto
UN code 818


 

SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Microsoft.com; Wkipedia; IOC country codes

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Egypt, Arab Republic of Egypt, Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah, Misr

Top rankings
 

Agriculture > Irrigated land > % of cropland
Agriculture > Yield > Rice
Agriculture > Yield > Sorghum
Crime > Convicted
Economy > Micro, small and medium enterprises > number
Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Energy balance requirement
Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Imports
Energy > Crude Petroleum > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Conversion, transport & distribution losses
Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Conversion, transport & distribution losses (per capita)
Energy > Plant Condensate > Gross inland availability
Geography > Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land
Government > Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Health > ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider
Lifestyle > Life satisfaction inequality
Military > Iraqi insurgency > Foreign fighter nationality distribution > Sorted alphabeticallyality
Sports > 1965 Pan Arab Games > Medals won > Bronze
Sports > 1965 Pan Arab Games > Medals won > Silver
Sports > 1965 Pan Arab Games > Medals won > Total



 

Bottom rankings

Last
 

Agriculture > Agricultural land > % of land area
Agriculture > Agricultural land > sq. km (per capita)
Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors
Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors per 100 hectares of arable land
Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors (per capita)
Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > current US$ (per capita)
Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Agriculture > Arable land > hectares (per capita)
Agriculture > Arable land > % of land area
Agriculture > Crop production index
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Bananas (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Broad and horse beans (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Cucumbers and gherkins
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Cucumbers and gherkins (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Nuts edible (per capita)
Agriculture > Fertilizer consumption > metric tons (per capita)
Agriculture > Food production index
Agriculture > Land under cereal production > hectares (per capita)
Agriculture > Permanent cropland > % of land area
Agriculture > value added > annual % growth
Agriculture > value added > current US$ (per capita)
Agriculture > value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Agriculture > value added per worker > constant 2000 US$
Crime > Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Crime > > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio
Currency > S&P/EMDB indexes > annual % change
Economy > Adjusted net savings, excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI
Economy > Adjusted net savings, including particulate emission damage > % of GNI
Economy > Adjusted savings: consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI
Economy > Adjusted savings: gross savings > % of GNI
Economy > Adjusted savings: net national savings > % of GNI
Economy > Aid > % of central government expenditures
Economy > Aid > % of GNI
Economy > Aid > % of gross capital formation
Economy > Aid > % of imports of goods and services
Economy > Aid per capita > current US$
Economy > Bank capital to assets ratio > %
Economy > Business disclosure index
Economy > Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP
Economy > Central government debt, total > % of GDP
Economy > Changes in net reserves > BoP, current US$
Economy > Changes in net reserves > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Changes in net reserves > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Claims on governments, etc. > annual growth as % of M2
Economy > Claims on private sector > annual growth as % of M2
Economy > Commercial service exports > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Commercial service imports > current US$
Economy > Commercial service imports > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Commercial service imports > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Consumer price index
Economy > Cost of business start-up procedures > % of GNI per capita
Economy > Credit information availability index
Economy > Current account balance > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Current transfers, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Current transfers, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Domestic credit to private sector > % of GDP
Economy > Ease of doing business index
Economy > Expense > % of GDP
Economy > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$
Economy > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Exports of goods and services > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Exports of goods and services > current US$
Economy > Exports of goods and services > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Exports of goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Exports of goods and services > % of GDP
Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$
Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Export quantum/quantity index
Economy > Export value index
Economy > External balance on goods and services > current US$
Economy > External balance on goods and services > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > External balance on goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > External balance on goods and services > % of GDP
Economy > External debt, total > DOD, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > External debt, total > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > annual % growth
Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Final consumption expenditure, etc. > % of GDP
Economy > Financial information infrastructure index
Economy > Finance > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Economy > Foreign direct investment, net > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Foreign direct investment, net outflows > % of GDP
Economy > GDP > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > GDP deflator
Economy > GDP growth > annual %
Economy > GDP per capita > constant 2000 US$
Economy > GDP per capita growth > annual %
Economy > GDP per capita, PPP > constant 2000 international $
Economy > GDP per capita, PPP > current international $
Economy > GDP per unit of energy use
Economy > GDP, PPP > constant 2000 international $ (per capita)
Economy > GDP, PPP > current international $ (per capita)
Economy > GNI, Atlas method > current US$
Economy > GNI, Atlas method > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > GNI > current US$
Economy > GNI > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > GNI > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > GNI, PPP > current international $ (per capita)
Economy > Goods and services expense > % of expense
Economy > Goods exports > BoP, current US$
Economy > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Goods exports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Goods imports > BoP, current US$
Economy > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Goods imports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Grants and other revenue > % of revenue
Economy > Gross capital formation > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross capital formation > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross capital formation > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Gross domestic savings > current US$
Economy > Gross domestic savings > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross domestic savings > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Gross national expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross national expenditure > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross national expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Gross private capital flows > % of GDP
Economy > Gross savings > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross savings > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Gross savings > % of GNI
Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Gross value added at factor cost > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > High-technology exports > current US$
Economy > High-technology exports > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > High-technology exports > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > High-technology exports > % of manufactured exports
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > annual % growth
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > annual % growth
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure, etc. > % of GDP
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure per capita > constant 2000 US$
Economy > Household final consumption expenditure per capita growth > annual %
Economy > IBRD loans and IDA credits > PPG DOD, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > IBRD loans and IDA credits > PPG DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$
Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Imports of goods and services > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Imports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$
Economy > Imports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Imports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Import quantum/quantity index
Economy > Import value index
Economy > Income payments > BoP, current US$
Economy > Income payments > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Income payments > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Income receipts > BoP, current US$
Economy > Income receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Income receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Income share held by fourth 20%
Economy > Inflation, consumer prices > annual %
Economy > Inflation, GDP deflator > annual %
Economy > Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports
Economy > Interest rate spread > lending rate minus deposit rate
Economy > International tourism, expenditures > current US$
Economy > International tourism, expenditures > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > International tourism, expenditures > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > International tourism, expenditures > % of total imports
Economy > International tourism, number of arrivals
Economy > International tourism, number of departures
Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$
Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > International tourism, receipts > % of total exports
Economy > Legal rights of borrowers and lenders index
Economy > Lending interest rate > %
Economy > Listed domestic companies (per capita)
Economy > Long-term debt > DOD, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Long-term debt > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Market capitalization of listed companies > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Market capitalization of listed companies > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Merchandise exports > current US$
Economy > Merchandise exports > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Merchandise exports > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Merchandise imports > current US$
Economy > Merchandise imports > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Merchandise imports > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Merchandise trade > % of GDP
Economy > Micro, small and medium enterprises > number (per capita)
Economy > Money and quasi money growth > annual %
Economy > Money and quasi money (M2) to total reserves ratio
Economy > Multilateral debt service > % of public and publicly guaranteed debt service
Economy > Net barter terms of trade
Economy > Net capital account > BoP, current US$
Economy > Net capital account > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net capital account > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net current transfers > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net current transfers from abroad > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net current transfers from abroad > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net errors and omissions, adjusted > BoP, current US$
Economy > Net errors and omissions, adjusted > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net errors and omissions, adjusted > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net financial flows, IDA > current US$
Economy > Net financial flows, IDA > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net financial flows, IDA > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net financial flows, IMF concessional > current US$
Economy > Net financial flows, IMF concessional > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net financial flows, IMF concessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net financial flows, IMF nonconcessional > current US$
Economy > Net financial flows, IMF nonconcessional > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net financial flows, IMF nonconcessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net financial flows, others > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net financial flows, others > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net financial flows, RDB concessional > current US$
Economy > Net financial flows, RDB concessional > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net financial flows, RDB concessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net financial flows, RDB nonconcessional > current US$
Economy > Net financial flows, RDB nonconcessional > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net financial flows, RDB nonconcessional > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net income > BoP, current US$
Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$
Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net trade in goods and services > BoP, current US$
Economy > Net trade in goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net trade in goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net trade in goods > BoP, current US$
Economy > Net trade in goods > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Net trade in goods > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Official development assistance and official aid > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Official development assistance and official aid > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Portfolio investment, excluding LCFAR > BoP, current US$
Economy > Portfolio investment, excluding LCFAR > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Portfolio investment, excluding LCFAR > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Present value of debt > % of exports of goods and services
Economy > Present value of debt > % of GNI
Economy > Private nonguaranteed debt > DOD, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Private nonguaranteed debt > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > % of exports
Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > % of GNI
Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > TDS, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed debt service > TDS, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) debt > DOD, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) debt > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Public credit registry coverage > % of adults
Economy > Real interest rate > %
Economy > Research and development expenditure > % of GDP
Economy > Revenue, excluding grants > % of GDP
Economy > Royalty and license fees, payments > BoP, current US$
Economy > Royalty and license fees, payments > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Royalty and license fees, payments > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Royalty and license fees, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Services, etc., value added > annual % growth
Economy > Services, etc., value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Economy > Services, etc., value added > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Services, etc., value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Service exports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Service imports > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Service imports > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Short-term debt > % of exports of goods, services and income
Economy > Short-term debt > % of total external debt
Economy > Stocks traded, total value > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Stocks traded, total value > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense
Economy > Total debt service > % of exports of goods, services and income
Economy > Total debt service > % of GNI
Economy > Total debt service > TDS, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Total debt service > TDS, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Total reserves > includes gold, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Total reserves minus gold > current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Trade > % of GDP
Economy > Use of IMF credit > DOD, current US$
Economy > Use of IMF credit > DOD, current US$ (per capita)
Economy > Use of IMF credit > DOD, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Education > Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI
Education > Children out of school, primary
Education > Children out of school, primary, female
Education > Children out of school, primary, female (per capita)
Education > Children out of school, primary, male
Education > Children out of school, primary, male (per capita)
Education > Children out of school, primary (per capita)
Education > Gross intake rate in grade 1, female > % of relevant age group
Education > Gross intake rate in grade 1, male > % of relevant age group
Education > Gross intake rate in grade 1, total > % of relevant age group
Education > Hours of instruction for pupils aged 13
Education > Literacy rate, adult female > % of females ages 15 and above
Education > Literacy rate, adult male > % of males ages 15 and above
Education > Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above
Education > Literacy rate, youth female > % of females ages 15-24
Education > Literacy rate, youth male > % of males ages 15-24
Education > Literacy rate, youth total > % of people ages 15-24
Education > Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population
Education > Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort
Education > Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort
Education > Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort
Education > Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group
Education > Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group
Education > Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group
Education > Primary education, duration > years
Education > Primary education, pupils
Education > Primary education, pupils > % female
Education > Primary education, pupils (per capita)
Education > Primary education, teachers
Education > Primary education, teachers > % female
Education > Primary education, teachers (per capita)
Education > Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education
Education > Proportion of 18 year olds in tertiary education
Education > Proportion of 19 year olds in secondary education
Education > Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education
Education > Proportion of 20 year olds in secondary education
Education > Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education
Education > Progression to secondary school > %
Education > Progression to secondary school, female > %
Education > Progression to secondary school, male > %
Education > Public spending on education, total > % of GDP
Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary
Education > Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education
Education > Ratio of female to male primary enrollment
Education > Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment
Education > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %
Education > Ratio of young literate females to males > % ages 15-24
Education > Repetition rate, primary, female > % of total enrollment
Education > Repetition rate, primary, male > % of total enrollment
Education > Repetition rate, primary > % of total enrollment
Education > Schools connected to the Internet > %
Education > School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross
Education > School enrollment, preprimary > % gross
Education > School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross
Education > School enrollment, primary, female > % gross
Education > School enrollment, primary, female > % net
Education > School enrollment, primary > % gross
Education > School enrollment, primary, male > % gross
Education > School enrollment, primary, male > % net
Education > School enrollment, primary > % net
Education > School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary
Education > School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross
Education > School enrollment, secondary, female > % net
Education > School enrollment, secondary > % gross
Education > School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross
Education > School enrollment, secondary, male > % net
Education > School enrollment, secondary > % net
Education > School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary
Education > School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross
Education > School enrollment, tertiary > % gross
Education > School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross
Education > Scientific and technical journal articles
Education > Secondary education, general pupils
Education > Secondary education, general pupils (per capita)
Education > Secondary education, pupils
Education > Secondary education, pupils > % female
Education > Secondary education, pupils (per capita)
Education > Secondary education, teachers
Education > Secondary education, teachers > % female
Education > Secondary education, teachers (per capita)
Education > Trained teachers in primary education > % of total teachers
Energy > Bitumen Asphalt > Imports
Energy > Bitumen Asphalt > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Combustible renewables and waste > metric tones of oil equivalent
Energy > Combustible renewables and waste > metric tones of oil equivalent (per capita)
Energy > Combustible renewables and waste > % of total energy
Energy > Electric power consumption > kWh (per capita)
Energy > Electric power transmission and distribution losses > million kWh (per capita)
Energy > Electric power transmission and distribution losses > % of output
Energy > Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > kwh (per capita)
Energy > Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > % of total
Energy > Electricity production > kWh (per capita)
Energy > Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports
Energy > Gas-diesel oils > Net transfers
Energy > Gas-diesel oils > Transfers in
Energy > imports > kt of oil equivalent
Energy > imports > kt of oil equivalent (per capita)
Energy > imports, net > % of energy use
Energy > Investment in energy with private participation > current US$ (per capita)
Energy > Investment in energy with private participation > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Energy > Jet Fuel > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Gross inland availability
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Gross inland availability (per capita)
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Lubricants > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Oil Consumption Test (per capita)
Energy > Oil Consumption Test (per $ GDP)
Energy > Oil Consumption Test Test (per capita)
Energy > Oil Consumption Test Test (per $ GDP)
Energy > production > kt of oil equivalent (per capita)
Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Net transfers
Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Transfers in
Energy > use > kt of oil equivalent (per capita)
Environment > Adjusted savings: net forest depletion > % of GNI
Environment > Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage > % of GNI
Environment > CO2 emissions > kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP
Environment > CO2 emissions > kt (per capita)
Environment > Forest area > % of land area
Environment > Forest area > sq. km
Environment > Forest area > sq. km (per capita)
Environment > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions
Environment > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions
Environment > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions
Environment > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions
Food > beverages and tobacco > % of value added in manufacturing
Food > exports > % of merchandise exports
Food > Subway resturants (per capita)
Geography > Land area > sq. km (per capita)
Geography > Population density > people per sq. km
Geography > Surface area > sq. km (per capita)
Government > General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth
Government > General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Government > General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)
Government > General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Government > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time
Government > Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %
Government > Procedures to build a warehouse > number
Government > Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)
Government > Procedures to enforce a contract > number
Government > Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)
Government > Procedures to register property > number
Government > Procedures to register property > number (per capita)
Government > Start-up procedures to register a business > number
Government > Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)
Government > Time required to build a warehouse > days
Government > Time required to enforce a contract > days
Government > Time required to register property > days
Government > Time required to start a business > days
Government > Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours
Government > Time to resolve insolvency > years
Health > Adolescent fertility rate > births per 1,000 women ages 15-19
Health > Birth rate, crude > per 1,000 people
Health > Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding
Health > expenditure per capita > current US$
Health > expenditure, private > % of GDP
Health > expenditure, public > % of GDP
Health > expenditure, total > % of GDP
Health > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health
Health > Fertility rate, total > births per woman
Health > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months
Health > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months
Health > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access
Health > Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access
Health > Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access
Health > Improved water source > % of population with access
Health > Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access
Health > Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access
Health > Incidence of tuberculosis > per 100,000 people
Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > years
Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > years
Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > years
Health > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health
Health > Physicians > per 1,000 people
Health > Prevalence of HIV, total > % of population ages 15-49
Health > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population
Health > Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS > %
Health > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases
Immigration > International migration stock > % of population
Immigration > International migration stock, total
Immigration > Net migration
Immigration > Net migration (per capita)
Immigration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum
Immigration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita)
Immigration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin
Immigration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin (per capita)
Industry > Adjusted savings: mineral depletion > % of GNI
Industry > Changes in inventories > current US$
Industry > Changes in inventories > current US$ (per capita)
Industry > Changes in inventories > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Industry > Manufactures exports > % of merchandise exports
Industry > Manufactures imports > % of merchandise imports
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > annual % growth
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > current US$ (per capita)
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Industry > Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports
Industry > Other manufacturing > % of value added in manufacturing
Industry > Patent applications, nonresidents
Industry > Patent applications, nonresidents (per capita)
Industry > Patent applications, residents
Industry > Patent applications, residents (per capita)
Industry > value added > annual % growth
Industry > value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Industry > value added > current US$ (per capita)
Internet > Broadband subscribers
Internet > Broadband subscribers (per capita)
Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps
Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per capita)
Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per $ GDP)
Internet > Price basket for Internet > US$ per month
Internet > Secure Internet servers
Internet > Secure Internet servers (per capita)
Labor > Compensation of employees > % of expense
Labor > Employment in industry > % of total employment
Labor > Employment in services > % of total employment
Labor > Employees, industry, female > % of female employment
Labor > Employees, industry, male > % of male employment
Labor > Employees, services, female > % of female employment
Labor > Employees, services, male > % of male employment
Labor > force, female > % of total labor force
Labor > force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64
Labor > force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64
Labor > force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64
Labor > force, total (per capita)
Labor > Rigidity of employment index
Labor > Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment
Labor > Unemployment, male > % of male labor force
Labor > Unemployment, total > % of total labor force
Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$
Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita)
Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP)
Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita)
Labor > Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP)
Media > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service exports
Media > Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports
Media > Daily newspapers > per 1,000 people
Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > per 1,000 people
Media > Households with television > %
Media > Information and communication technology expenditure > current US$
Media > Information and communication technology expenditure > current US$ (per capita)
Media > Information and communication technology expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Media > International voice traffic > out and in, minutes (per capita)
Media > Investment in telecoms with private participation > current US$ (per capita)
Media > Mobile phone subscribers
Media > Mobile phone subscribers (per capita)
Media > Personal computers (per capita)
Media > Population covered by mobile telephony > %
Media > Price basket for mobile > US$ per month
Media > Price basket for residential fixed line > US$ per month
Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes
Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per capita)
Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per $ GDP)
Media > Telephone employees, total (per capita)
Media > Telephone faults > per 100 mainlines
Media > Telephone mainlines (per capita)
Media > Telecommunications revenue > % GDP
Media > Telephone subscribers per employee
Media > Telephone subscribers (per capita)
Military > Arms exports > constant 1990 US$
Military > Arms exports > constant 1990 US$ (per capita)
Military > Arms imports > constant 1990 US$ (per capita)
Military > expenditure > % of central government expenditure
Military > expenditure > % of GDP
Military > personnel (per capita)
People > Age dependency ratio > dependents to working-age population
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of richest 20%
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of rural
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of urban
People > Population ages 0-14 > % of total
People > Population ages 15-64 > % of total
People > Population ages 65 and above > % of total
People > Population, female > % of total
People > Population growth > annual %
People > Population in largest city
People > Population in largest city (per capita)
People > Population in the largest city > % of urban population
People > Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million
People > Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million (per capita)
People > Rural population (per capita)
People > Urban population growth > annual %
People > Urban population (per capita)
Sports > 1976 Summer Paralympics > The Paralympics in Canada and Toronto > Bronze
Taxation > Customs and other import duties > % of tax revenue
Taxation > Highest marginal tax rate, individual > on income exceeding, US$
Taxation > Highest marginal tax rate, individual rate > %
Taxation > Net taxes on products > current US$ (per capita)
Taxation > Net taxes on products > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Taxation > Other taxes > % of revenue
Taxation > Taxes on exports > % of tax revenue
Taxation > Taxes on goods and services > % of revenue
Taxation > Taxes on goods and services > % value added of industry and services
Taxation > Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > % of revenue
Taxation > Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > % of total taxes
Taxation > Taxes on international trade > % of revenue
Taxation > Tax payments > number
Taxation > Tax payments > number (per capita)
Taxation > Tax revenue > % of GDP
Taxation > Total tax rate > % of profit
Transportation > Air transport, freight > million tons per km
Transportation > Air transport, passengers carried
Transportation > Air transport, passengers carried (per capita)
Transportation > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide
Transportation > Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide (per capita)
Transportation > Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m
Transportation > Container port traffic
Transportation > Railways, goods transported > million ton-km
Transportation > Railways, goods transported > million ton-km (per capita)
Transportation > Rail lines > total route-km
Transportation > Roads, goods transported > million ton-km (per capita)
Transportation > Roads, paved > % of total roads
Transportation > Travel services > % of commercial service exports
Transportation > Travel services > % of commercial service imports


 

2nd last
 

Agriculture > Exports to USA > Broad and horse beans
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Dates (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Fruits and nuts (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Garlic
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Garlic (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Globe artichokes (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Okra (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Urd mung black or green gram beans (per capita)
Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Foreign direct investment, net inflows > % of GDP
Economy > GDP per capita in 1900
Economy > GDP, PPP > constant 2000 international $
Economy > GDP, PPP > current international $
Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$
Economy > Market capitalization of listed companies > current US$
Economy > Stocks traded, total value > current US$
Economy > Trade with US > US exports of crude oil
Economy > Trade with US > US imports of crude
Education > Proportion of 17 year olds in tertiary education
Energy > Electricity > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Energy > Electrical outages > days
Energy > Gasworks Gas > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita)
Energy > Gas-diesel oils > Net transfers (per capita)
Energy > Gas-diesel oils > Transfers in (per capita)
Energy > Hard Coal Briquettes > Gross inland availability (per capita)
Energy > Hard Coal Briquettes > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Hard Coal Briquettes > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Kerosene > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita)
Energy > Kerosene > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita)
Energy > Kerosene > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Energy balance requirement (per capita)
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Imports
Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Changes in stocks
Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Exports (per capita)
Energy > Lubricants > Changes in stocks (per capita)
Energy > Lubricants > Imports
Energy > Motor Gasoline > Changes in stocks
Energy > Naphtha > Gross inland availability
Energy > Naphtha > Gross inland availability (per capita)
Energy > Peat (for fuel use) > Exports (per capita)
Energy > Peat (for fuel use) > Production (per capita)
Energy > Plant Condensate > Production from plants (per capita)
Energy > Plant Condensate > Production (per capita)
Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Net transfers (per capita)
Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Transfers in (per capita)
Health > HIV AIDS > Deaths (per capita)
Labor > Firing cost > weeks of wages
Labor > force, total
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philosophy, psychology (per capita)
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of male
People > Gender empowerment
People > Jewish population > By country > Jews > % Jewish
Sports > World Cup Totals > Goals against (per capita)
Sports > World Cup Totals > Losses (per capita)


 

3rd last
 

Agriculture > Area > Peanut (per capita)
Agriculture > Area > Wheat (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Coconuts (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Dates
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Globe artichokes
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Nuts edible
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Okra
Agriculture > Grains > Coarse grain production (per capita)
Agriculture > Grains > Rice consumption (per capita)
Agriculture > Production > Cotton (per capita)
Agriculture > Production > Peanut (per capita)
Economy > Entrepreneurship > Getting Credit > Legal Rights Index
Economy > GINI index
Economy > Gross capital formation > current US$
Economy > Gross fixed capital formation > current US$
Economy > Net current transfers > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Trade in services > % of GDP
Education > Literacy > Female
Education > Literacy > Male
Education > Literacy > Total population
Education > Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population
Education > Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population
Education > Secondary education, vocational pupils (per capita)
Energy > Coal > Production (per capita)
Energy > Gasworks Gas > Consumption by households (per capita)
Energy > Gasworks Gas > Net inland availability
Energy > Gasworks Gas > Net inland availability (per capita)
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Lubricants > Changes in stocks
Energy > Peat (for fuel use) > Production
Energy > Residual Fuel Oil > Imports (per capita)
Health > Hospital beds > per 1,000 people
Health > Transplants > Kidney (per capita)
Health > Transplants > Total (per capita)
Industry > Machinery and transport equipment > % of value added in manufacturing
Labor > Labor force (per capita)
Labor > skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Labor > Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita)
Media > Cinemas (per capita)
Media > Cinemas > Seats (per capita)
Media > Telecommunications investment > % of revenue
People > Chinese population (per capita)
Religion > Catholic > Cardinals (per capita)
Sports > 1988 Summer Paralympics > Gold
Sports > World Cup Totals > Matches played (per capita)
Taxation > Average time to clear customs > days


 

4th last
 

Agriculture > Area > Corn (per capita)
Agriculture > Area > Peanut
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Coconuts
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Urd mung black or green gram beans
Agriculture > Grains > Coarse grain production
Agriculture > Grains > Rice exports (per capita)
Agriculture > Grains > Sorghum consumption
Agriculture > Grains > Sorghum consumption (per capita)
Agriculture > Grains > Sorghum production (per capita)
Crime > Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout
Economy > GDP per capita in 1950
Economy > GNI, PPP > current international $
Economy > Gross capital formation > annual % growth
Economy > Gross savings > current US$
Economy > Income share held by third 20%
Economy > Service imports > BoP, current US$
Education > Literacy rates, aged 15-24
Education > Literacy rates, aged 15-24 > Men
Education > Literacy rates, aged 15-24 > Women
Education > Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, aged 15-24
Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Exports (per capita)
Energy > Coal consumption > Million tonnes oil equivalent (per capita)
Energy > Coal > Total known reserves (per capita)
Energy > Coal > Total resources in place (per capita)
Energy > Gasworks Gas > Consumption by households and other consumers
Energy > Hard Coal Briquettes > Gross inland availability
Energy > Jet Fuel > Imports
Energy > Lignite/Brown Coal > Additional resources (per capita)
Energy > Lignite-Brown Coal Briquettes > Energy balance requirement
Energy > Motor Gasoline > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Naphtha > Energy balance requirement
Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Peat (for fuel use) > Exports
Energy > Plant Condensate > Gross inland availability (per capita)
Environment > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions
Government > General government final consumption expenditure > current US$
Health > Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults
Health > Transplants > Kidney
Labor > Female professionals
Labor > regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Social sciences (per capita)
Media > Television broadcast stations (per capita)
Military > personnel > % of total labor force
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of total
Taxation > Tax rates > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Transportation > Pipelines > Gas (per capita)
Transportation > Roads, goods transported > million ton-km
Transportation > Roads, total network > km


 

5th last
 

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Agriculture > Exports to USA > Bananas
Agriculture > Grains > Rice production
Agriculture > value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)
Crime > Prisoners > Per capita
Disasters > Central Emergency Response Fund > Contributors > Pledged
Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index
Economy > Population under $1 a day (per capita)
Economy > Poverty gap at $1 a day > PPP > %
Economy > Total debt service > TDS, current US$
Economy > World Trade > Exports > Briquettes lignite peat
Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Production from refineries (per capita)
Energy > Aviation Gasoline > Total production (per capita)
Energy > Coke Oven Coke > Energy balance requirement
Energy > Coke Oven Coke > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Electricity production from oil sources > kwh (per capita)
Energy > Gasworks Gas > Consumption by households
Energy > Hard Coal Briquettes > Energy balance requirement (per capita)
Energy > Hard Coal Briquettes > Imports
Energy > Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Changes in stocks (per capita)
Energy > Oil exports > Net (per capita)
Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Exports (per capita)
Energy > Plant Condensate > Production
Energy > Plant Condensate > Production from plants
Environment > Known breeding bird species (per capita)
Geography > Forested Land
Government > Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Health > Population suffering from undernourishment in 2001-2003
Labor > Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment
Language > Nobel Prize in Literature > Most awarded countries > %
Language > Nobel Prize in Literature > Most awarded countries > Laureates
Media > Newspapers (per capita)
Military > Tanks (per capita)
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of female
People > Child Protection > Child labour 5-14 years, % of poorest 20%
Sports > African Footballer of the Year > Wins > First place
Sports > Boxing at the 1960 Summer Olympics > Medals > Total:
Sports > Top international goal scorers > #
Taxation > Highest marginal tax rate, corporate rate > %
Transportation > Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per capita)


 

6th last
 

Agriculture > Area > Corn
Agriculture > Grains > Coarse grain consumption (per capita)
Agriculture > Grains > Corn production (per capita)
Agriculture > Grains > Rice consumption
Agriculture > Grains > Rice production (per capita)
Agriculture > Grains > Sorghum production
Agriculture > Land under cereal production > hectares
Agriculture > Production > Peanut
Economy > Bank nonperfoming loans to total gross loans > %
Economy > Commercial service exports > current US$
Economy > Gross national expenditure > current US$
Economy > Income share held by highest 10%
Economy > Income share held by highest 20%
Economy > Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line > % of population
Economy > Stocks traded, turnover ratio > %
Education > Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education
Energy > Bitumen Asphalt > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Electricity production from natural gas sources > kwh (per capita)
Energy > Lignite/Brown Coal > Additional resources
Energy > Lubricants > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Other Petroleum Products > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Petroleum Coke > Imports (per capita)
Energy > Petroleum Coke > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Plant Condensate > Gross inland availability
Environment > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions
Health > HIV AIDS > Deaths
Industry > Car production (per capita)
Labor > Economically active children, male
Labor > Economically active children, total
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Generalities (per capita)
Media > Films produced (per capita)
Media > Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Periodicals (per capita)
Media > Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Daily (per capita)
Media > Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Periodicals (per capita)
Military > Tanks
Sports > 1976 Summer Paralympics > The Paralympics in Canada and Toronto > Silver
Sports > World Cup Totals > Wins
Taxation > Net taxes on products > current US$
Transportation > Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per capita)
Transportation > Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per capita)
Transportation > Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per capita)
Transportation > Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m (per capita)
Transportation > Railways, passengers carried > million passenger-km (per capita)
View this article in PDF format Print article
Other articles in this category
Egypt at a glance
Geography (1)
Geography (2)
History
Culture
Economy(1)
Economy(2)
Politics
Military