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1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
12 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 capital district*; Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott*, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza
Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador No representation
Ambassadors from Israel > Current Israeli Ambassadors > Embassy > Website Nouakchott
Ambassadors from Israel > Current Israeli Ambassadors > Israeli Ambassador Boaz Bismot
Capital city Nouakchott
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 18 07 N, 16 02 W
Capital city > Name Nouakchott
Capital city > Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Constitution 12 July 1991
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection Berne, TRIPS
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3 [65th of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 3 [45th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Mark M. BOULWARE
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
288 Rue Abdallaye, Rue 42-100 (between Presidency building and Spanish Embassy), Nouakchott
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [222] 525-1592
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address BP 222, Nouakchott
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [222] 525-2660/525-2663
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2129 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Ibrahima DIA
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 319-2623
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 232-5700, 5701
Elections > Head of state Self-appointment
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address 121 Sherwood Drive
Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers
Executive branch > Chief of state
Gen. Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ who led a coup that deposed the democratically elected President Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDELLAHI on 6 August 2008
Executive branch > Election results
percent of vote - (second round) Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDELLAHI 52.8%, Ahmed Ould DADDAH 47.2%
Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second consecutive term); election last held 11 March 2007 with a runoff between the two leading candidates held on 25 March 2007 (next to be held 2012); prime minister appointed by the president
Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed LAGHDAF (since 14 August 2008)
Flag description
green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
Flag modification 22 [62nd of 197]
Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment November 11, 2004
Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition
February 27, 1984)
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 14.96 % [1st of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ 316,259,800 constant 2000 US$ [97th of 145]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 103.058 constant 2000 US$ per c [81st of 146]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 66140060000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 111745300000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 416,028,700 $ [120th of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.225 $ per $1 of GDP [24th of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 135.57 $ per capita [95th of 184]
Government type Democratic Republic
Independence
28 November 1960 (from France)
International organization participation
ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Judicial branch
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Court of Appeals; lower courts
Legal origin
French
Legal system
a combination of Islamic law and French civil law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch
bicameral legislature consists of the Senate or Majlis al-Shuyukh (56 seats; 53 members elected by municipal leaders and 3 members elected by Mauritanians abroad to serve six-year terms; a portion of seats up for election every two years) and the National Assembly or Majlis al-Watani (95 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
Legislative branch > Election results
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Mithaq (coalition of independents and parties associated with the former regime) 37, CFCD (coalition of political parties) 15, representatives of the diaspora 3, undecided 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Mithaq 51 (independents 37, PRDR 7, UDP 3, RDU 3, Alternative (El-Badil) 1), CFCD 41 (RFD 16, UFP 9, APP 6, Centrist Reformists 4, HATEM-PMUC 3, RD 2, PUDS 1), RNDLE 1, UCD 1, FP 1
Legislative branch > Elections
Senate - last held 21 January and 4 February 2007 (next to be held 2009); National Assembly - last held 19 November and 3 December 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 5.84 % [18th of 38]
National holiday
I
ndependence Day, 28 November
Parliamentary seats > Female 4% [115th of 143]
Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 0.75 % [19th of 38]
political parties > Multi party
(The party systemn is in transition)
Political parties and leaders
Alternative or El-Badil; Centrist Reformists (independent moderate Islamists); Coalition for Forces for Democratic Change or CFCD (coalition of political parties including APP, Centrist Reformists (independent moderate Islamists), HATEM-PMUC, PUDS, RD, RFD, UFP); Democratic and Social Republican Party or PRDS; Democratic Renewal or RD; Mauritanian Party for Unity and Change or HATEM-PMUC; Mithaq (coalition of independents and parties associated with the former regime including Alternative or El-Badil, PRDR, UDP, RDU); National Rally for Freedom, Democracy and Equality or RNDLE; Popular Front or FP [Ch'bih Ould CHEIKH MALAININE]; Popular Progressive Alliance or APP [Messoud Ould BOULKHEIR]; Rally of Democratic Forces or RFD [Ahmed Ould DADDAH]; Rally for Democracy and Unity or RDU [Ahmed Ould SIDI BABA]; Republican Party for Democracy and Renewal or PRDR [Boullah Ould MOGUEYA] (formerly ruling Democratic and Social Republican Party or PRDS); Socialist and Democratic Unity Party or PUDS; Union for Democracy and Progress or UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS]; Union of Democratic Centre or UCD; Union of the Forces for Progress or UFP
Political parties and leaders > A note
the Action for Change party was banned in January 2002; parties legalized by constitution ratified 12 July 1991, however, politics continue to be tribally based
Political pressure groups and leaders
General Confederation of Mauritanian Workers or CGTM [Abdallahi Ould MOHAMED, secretary general]; Independent Confederation of Mauritanian Workers or CLTM [Samory Ould BEYE]; Mauritanian Workers Union or UTM [Mohamed Ely Ould BRAHIM, secretary general]
Political pressure groups and leaders > Other
Arab nationalists; Ba'thists; Islamists
Prime minister
Sidi Mohamed Ould Boubacar
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 19 [50th of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 6.191 per 1 million people [50th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 40 [51st of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 13.035 per 1 million people [43rd of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 4 [137th of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 1,303.466 per 1 billion people [59th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 4 % [156th of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 11 [48th of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 3.585 per 1 million people [42nd of 171]
Status pseudo-democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 152 days [108th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 400 days [110th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 49 days [85th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 82 days [18th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 696 hours [14th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 8 years [5th of 151]
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
Mauritanian claims to Western Sahara remain dormant
UN membership date 27 Oct. 1961
United Nations mission
http://www.mauritaniembassy-usa.org/
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/mrtoc.html
Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Kalorama Heights


 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; Wikipedia: Ambassadors from Israel ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Elections by country ; Wikipedia: List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Wikipedia: Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Mauritania, Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah, Muritaniyah

Democracy
 

Civil and political liberties 1.5 [106th of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 3.5 [31st of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.4 [34th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3 [40th of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 2.9 [47th of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 2.5 [62nd of 75]
Electoral system two-round system
Electoral system type majority
Female candidacy 1,961 [33rd of 161]
Female ministers 36% [9th of 125]
Female parliamentarians 3% [144th of 157]
Female suffrage 1961
First female parliamentarian 1975 (elected)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 1.00579324143979 [17th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 54.4% [130th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 560,045 [114th of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 1,028,630 [110th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 1,135,690 [116th of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 367.894 per 1,000 people [147th of 162]
Presidential elections > Invalid votes 0.9% [53rd of 61]
Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 74.7% [37th of 86]
Presidential elections > Total vote 899,444 [74th of 87]
Presidential elections > Turnout 74.7 [25th of 82]
Presidential elections > Voter registration 1,203,670 [74th of 86]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 1,203,520 [79th of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 389.867 per 1,000 people [73rd of 91]


 

SOURCES
Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Mauritania, Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah, Muritaniyah

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