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1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
10 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), 1 city (cidade)*; Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Cidade de Maputo*, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete, Zambezia

Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador Markku Kauppinen
Capital city Maputo
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 25 57 S, 32 35 E
Capital city > Name Maputo

Capital city > Time difference
UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Head of Government Armando Guebuza
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Title President
Constitution 30 November 1990
Copyright > Reference Art. 22,
Corruption 2.8 [102nd of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection 70 pma
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3.5 [34th of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 3 [48th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Todd C. CHAPMAN
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
Avenida Kenneth Kuanda 193, Maputo
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [258] (21) 490114
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address P. O. Box 783, Maputo
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [258] (21) 492797
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
1525 New Hampshire Avenue, Washington, DC 20036
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Armando Alexandre PANGUENE
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 835-0245
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 293-7146
Elections > Head of state Direct election
Executive branch > Cabinet Cabinet
Executive branch > Chief of state
President Armando GUEBUZA (since 2 February 2005)
Executive branch > Election results
Armando GUEBUZA elected president; percent of vote - Armando GUEBUZA 63.7%, Afonso DHLAKAMA 31.7%

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 1-2 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2009); prime minister appointed by the president

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Luisa DIOGO (since 17 February 2004)

Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book

Flag modification 1 [190th of 197]
Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment August 23, 1996
Foreign relations > Nepal > Date of Establishment September 30, 1986
Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition March 13, 1976
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 5.98 % [32nd of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ 587,053,500 constant 2000 US$ [86th of 145]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 29.661 constant 2000 US$ per c [104th of 146]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 5528056000000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 15703000000000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 680,934,200 $ [107th of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.103 $ per $1 of GDP [116th of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 34.404 $ per capita [127th of 184]
Government type republic
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom Howard Parkinson
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom > Resident Heads of Missions > Type High Commission
Independence
25 June 1975 (from Portugal)
Independence Day > Date June 25

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, CPLP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF (observer), OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Supreme Court (the court of final appeal; some of its professional judges are appointed by the president and some are elected by the Assembly); other courts include an Administrative Court, customs courts, maritime courts, courts marshal, labor courts; note: although the constitution provides for a separate Constitutional Court, one has never been established; in its absence the Supreme Court reviews constitutional cases

Legal origin
French

Legal system
based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Legislative branch
unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (250 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Legislative branch > A note
Renamo-UE ran as a multiparty coalition; none of the other opposition parties received the 5% required to win parliamentary seats; in September 2000, Renamo-UE member Raul DOMINGOS was expelled from the party, he continues to hold his parliamentary seat as an independent

Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - FRELIMO 62%, RENAMO 29.7%, other 8.3%; seats by party - FRELIMO 160, RENAMO 90

Legislative branch > Elections
last held 1-2 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2009)

Legislative branch > Note
Renamo-UE ran as a multiparty coalition; none of the other opposition parties received the 5% required to win parliamentary seats; in September 2000, Renamo-UE member Raul DOMINGOS was expelled from the party; he continues to hold his parliamentary seat as an independent

National holiday Independence Day, 25 June
Parliamentary seats > Female 25% [12th of 143]
political parties > Two party

Political parties and leaders
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frente de Liberatacao de Mocambique) or FRELIMO [Armando Emilio GUEBUZA]; Mozambique National Resistance-Electoral Union (Resistencia Nacional Mocambicana-Uniao Eleitoral) or RENAMO-UE [Afonso DHLAKAMA]

Political pressure groups and leaders
Etica [Abdul CARIMO Issa, chairman]; Human Rights and Development (Direitos Humanos e Desenvolvimento) or DHD [Artemisia FRANCO, secretary general]; Institute for Peace and Democracy (Instituto para Paz e Democracia) or IPADE [Raul DOMINGOS, president]; Movement for Peace and Citizenship (Movimento para Paz e Cidadania); Mozambican League of Human Rights (Liga Mocambicana dos Direitos Humanos) or LDH [Alice MABOTE, president]

Prime minister Luisa Diogo
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 13 [130th of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 0.657 per 1 million people [134th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 38 [59th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 1.92 per 1 million people [119th of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 8 [43rd of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 404.198 per 1 billion people [106th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 34.8 % [11th of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 13 [27th of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 0.707 per 1 million people [109th of 171]
Status
democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 364 days [13th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 1,010 days [14th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 42 days [100th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 113 days [11th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 230 hours [91st of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 5 years [21st of 151]
Total businesses registered > number 14,797 [64th of 71]
Total businesses registered > number (per capita) 0.777 per 1 million people [62nd of 83]
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International none
UN membership date 16 Sep. 1975
United Nations mission
http://www.un.int/mozambique/moz_pgs/mst_fm2.htm


 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: Commonwealth Heads of Government ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Elections by country ; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Nepal ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia: Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom ; Wikipedia: Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; Wikipedia: Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Mozambique, Republic of Mozambique, Republica de Mocambique, Mocambique

Democracy
 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 6.05 [29th of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 6.01 [56th of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 6.95 [40th of 119]
Civil and political liberties 3.5 [70th of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 3.5 [44th of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.3 [38th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3 [43rd of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 3.2 [33rd of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 3 [42nd of 75]
Electoral system party list
Electoral system type proportional
Female candidacy 1,975 [8th of 161]
Female ministers 14.8% [55th of 125]
Female parliamentarians 30% [10th of 157]
Female suffrage 1975
First female parliamentarian 1977 (elected)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.845893716581687 [135th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes
Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes 9.6% [12th of 110]
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 68.1% [83rd of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 4,833,760 [48th of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 58.2 [73rd of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 7,099,100 [50th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 8,303,690 [47th of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 427.871 per 1,000 people [125th of 162]
Presidential elections > Invalid votes 2.9% [18th of 61]
Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 69.5% [52nd of 86]
Presidential elections > Total vote 4,934,350 [26th of 87]
Presidential elections > Turnout 59.4 [57th of 82]
Presidential elections > Voter registration 7,099,100 [26th of 86]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 8,303,690 [27th of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 427.871 per 1,000 people [62nd of 91]
Vote counting technology manual

SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001;World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Mozambique, Republic of Mozambique, Republica de Mocambique, Mocambique
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