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1.Government

 

Administrative divisions
26 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kagera, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Manyara, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West
Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador Jorma Paukku
Capital city Dar es Salaam
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 6 48 S, 39 17 E
Capital city > Name Dar es Salaam
Capital city > Note
legislative offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the National Assembly now meets there on a regular basis
Capital city > Time difference
UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Head of Government Jakaya Kikwete
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Title President
Constitution
25 April 1977; major revisions October 1984
Copyright > Reference s. 14,
Corruption 2.9 [90th of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection 50 pma
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 4 [9th of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 3.5 [14th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Mark GREEN
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
686 Old Bagamoyo Road, Msasani, Dar es Salaam
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX
[255] (22) 266-8238, 266-8373
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address
P. O. Box 9123, Dar es Salaam
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [255] (22) 266-8001
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2139 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Ombeni Yohana SEFUE
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 797-7408
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 939-6125
Elections > Head of state Direct election
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address 50 Range Road
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood Sandy Hill
Executive branch > A note
Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government for matters internal to Zanzibar; Amani Abeid KARUME was elected to that office on 29 October 2000
Executive branch > Cabinet
Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Executive branch > Chief of state
President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
Executive branch > Election results
Jakaya KIKWETE elected president; percent of vote - Jakaya KIKWETE 80.3%, Ibrahim LIPUMBA 11.7%, Freeman MBOWE 5.9%
Executive branch > Elections
president and vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote for five-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 14 December 2005 (next to be held in December 2010); prime minister appointed by the president
Executive branch > Head of government
President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001)
Executive branch > Note
Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government for matters internal to Zanzibar; Amani Abeid KARUME was reelected to that office on 30 October 2005
Flag description
divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue
Flag modification 30 [14th of 197]
Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment July 2, 1993
Foreign relations > Nepal > Date of Establishment January 10, 1975
Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition November 9, 1978
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 13.2 % [5th of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ 1,786,178,000 constant 2000 US$ [65th of 145]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 46.601 constant 2000 US$ per c [97th of 146]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 872476200000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 1854511000000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 1,642,710,000 $ [82nd of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.136 $ per $1 of GDP [82nd of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 42.858 $ per capita [122nd of 184]
Government type republic
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom Philip Parham
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom > Resident Heads of Missions > Type High Commission
Independence
26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964
Independence Day > Date December 9
International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, EAC, EADB, FAO, G-6, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Judicial branch
Permanent Commission of Enquiry (official ombudsman); Court of Appeal (consists of a chief justice and four judges); High Court (consists of a Jaji Kiongozi and 29 judges appointed by the president; holds regular sessions in all regions); District Courts; Primary Courts (limited jurisdiction and appeals can be made to the higher courts)
Legal origin
English
Legal system
based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (274 seats; 232 members elected by popular vote, 37 allocated to women nominated by the president, 5 to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives; to serve five-year terms); note - in addition to enacting laws that apply to the entire United Republic of Tanzania, the Assembly enacts laws that apply only to the mainland; Zanzibar has its own House of Representatives to make laws especially for Zanzibar (the Zanzibar House of Representatives has 50 seats elected by universal suffrage to serve five-year terms)
Legislative branch > Election results
National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CCM 206, CUF 19, CHADEMA 5, other 2, women appointed by the president 37, Zanzibar representatives 5 Zanzibar House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CCM 30, CUF 19; 1 seat was nullified with a rerun to take place soon
Legislative branch > Elections
last held 14 December 2005 (next to be held in December 2010)
Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 4.01 % [23rd of 38]
National holiday
Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April
Parliamentary seats > Female 16% [34th of 143]
Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 0.52 % [22nd of 38]
political parties > Dominant party
Political parties and leaders
Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Party of Democracy and Development) or CHADEMA [Bob MAKANI]; Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Jakaya Mrisho KIKWETE]; Civic United Front or CUF [Ibrahim LIPUMBA]; Democratic Party [Christopher MTIKLA] (unregistered); Tanzania Labor Party or TLP [Augustine Lyatonga MREME]; United Democratic Party or UDP [John CHEYO]
Political pressure groups and leaders
Economic and Social Research Foundation or ESRF; Free Zanzibar; Tanzania Media Women's Association or TAMWA
Prime minister Edward Lowassa
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 26 [13th of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 0.678 per 1 million people [132nd of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 21 [151st of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 0.548 per 1 million people [148th of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 10 [14th of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 260.9 per 1 billion people [123rd of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 30.4 % [19th of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 13 [18th of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 0.339 per 1 million people [133rd of 171]
Status federal pseudo-democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 313 days [20th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 393 days [115th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 123 days [35th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 30 days [101st of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 248 hours [86th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 3 years [74th of 151]
Trademarks, nonresidents 279 [69th of 99]
Trademarks, nonresidents (per capita) 10.999 per 1 million people [132nd of 146]
Trademarks, residents 98 [62nd of 98]
Trademarks, residents (per capita) 3.864 per 1 million people [127th of 142]
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
Tanzania still hosts more than a half-million refugees, more than any other African country, mainly from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, despite the international community's efforts at repatriation; disputes with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and the meandering Songwe River remain dormant
UN membership date 14 Dec. 1961
United Nations mission
http//www.hcindiatz.org/fpolicy.htm
http//www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/NEH/tz_foreignr.html
Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Kalorama Heights

SOURCES All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia Commonwealth Heads of Government ; Wikipedia List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia Elections by country ; Wikipedia List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Flagspot; Wikipedia Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia Foreign relations of Nepal ; Wikipedia Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom ; Wikipedia Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia List of political parties ; Wikipedia Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Tanzania, United Republic of Tanzania, united rep. of tanzania, Tanzania, U. Rep. of


 

Democracy

 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 5.92 [34th of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 5.65 [63rd of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 6.45 [53rd of 119]
Civil and political liberties 3 [80th of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 4 [16th of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.8 [9th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3.5 [20th of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 3.8 [5th of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 3.5 [14th of 75]
Electoral system first-past-the-post  
Electoral system type plurality  
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.973071061617676 [5th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes  
Vote counting technology manual  
 

SOURCES Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; Source Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Tanzania, United Republic of Tanzania, united rep. of tanzania, Tanzania, U. Rep. of
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