Politics        0  325 reads

1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
8 regions (regions, singular - region) includes 1 capital district* (communite urbaine); Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey*, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder
Ambassadors from the United States > Other senior diplomatic representatives > Ambassador John W. Davison
Ambassadors from the United States > Other senior diplomatic representatives > Title Chargé d’Affaires
Capital city Niamey
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 13 31 N, 2 07 E
Capital city > Name Niamey
Capital city > Time difference
UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Constitution
new constitution adopted 18 July 1999
Copyright > Reference Art. 22,
Corruption 2.4 [128th of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection 50 pma
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3.5 [46th of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 3 [40th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Bernadette M. ALLEN
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
Rue Des Ambassades, Niamey
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [227] 20-73-31-67
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address B. P. 11201, Niamey
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [227] 20-72-26-61 thru 64
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2204 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Aminata Djibrilla Maiga TOURE
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202)483-3169
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone
[1] (202) 483-4224 through 4227
Elections > Head of state Direct election
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address 38 Blackburn Avenue
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood Sandy Hill
Executive branch > Cabinet
26-member Cabinet appointed by the president
Executive branch > Chief of state
President Mamadou TANDJA (since 22 December 1999)
Executive branch > Election results
Mamadou TANDJA reelected president; percent of vote - Mamadou TANDJA 65.5%, Mahamadou ISSOUFOU 34.5%
Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); second round of election last held 4 December 2004 (next to be held December 2009)
Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Seyni OUMAROU (since 3 June 2007); appointed by the president and shares some executive responsibilities with the president
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green with a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of India, which has a blue spoked wheel centered in the white band
Flag modification 23 [58th of 197]
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 14.4 % [14th of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 115041700000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 206100000000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 390,734,600 $ [122nd of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.115 $ per $1 of GDP [101st of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 27.996 $ per capita [131st of 184]
Government type republic
Independence
3 August 1960 (from France)
Independence Day > Date August 3
International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Judicial branch
State Court or Cour d'Etat; Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel
Legal origin
French
Legal system
based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly (113 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MNSD 47, PNDS 25, CDS 22, RSD 7, RDP 6, ANDP 5, PSDN 1
Legislative branch > Elections
last held 4 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2009)
Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 11.45 % [2nd of 38]
National holiday Republic Day, 18 December
political parties > Multi party
Political parties and leaders
Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; National Movement for a Developing Society-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Hama AMADOU]; Niger Social Democratic Party or PSDN; Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDP-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Party for Autonomy or PNA-Alouma'a [Sanousi JACKOU]; Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism or PNDS-Tarrayya [Issifou MAHAMADOU]; Nigerien Progressive Party or PPN-RDA [Abdoulaye DIORI]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP-jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Social and Democratic Rally or RSD-Gaskiyya [Cheiffou AMADOU]
Political pressure groups and leaders
The Nigerien Movement for Justice or MNJ, a predominantly Tuareg rebel group
Prime minister Hama Amadou
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 19 [54th of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 1.935 per 1 million people [93rd of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 33 [88th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 2.364 per 1 million people [107th of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 5 [108th of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 358.244 per 1 billion people [115th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 12.4 % [98th of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 11 [50th of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 0.931 per 1 million people [96th of 171]
Status
democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 148 days [115th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 360 days [123rd of 171]
Time required to register property > days 49 days [83rd of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 24 days [119th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 270 hours [76th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 5 years [20th of 151]
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
Libya claims about 25,000 sq km in a currently dormant dispute in the Tommo region; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint with Nigeria, remains undemarcated; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries
UN membership date 20 Sep. 1960
United Nations mission
http://www.un.int/niger/
Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Kalorama Heights


 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Ambassadors from the United States ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Elections by country ; Wikipedia: List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; Wikipedia: Prime minister ; electionworld.org; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Niger, Republic of Niger, Republique du Niger

Democracy

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 6.13 [28th of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 5.36 [68th of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 6.53 [50th of 119]
Civil and political liberties 3 [83rd of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 2.5 [67th of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3 [57th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3 [41st of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 3.2 [34th of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 3 [43rd of 75]
Electoral system
parallel: first-past-the-post
Electoral system type semi-proportional
Female candidacy 1,948 [84th of 161]
Female parliamentarians 1.2% [151st of 157]
Female suffrage 1948
First female parliamentarian 1989 (elected)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.730226482605533 [146th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality No
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 99.4% [1st of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 4,560,510 [52nd of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 96.2 [6th of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 4,587,680 [64th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 4,739,030 [71st of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 389.627 per 1,000 people [138th of 162]
Presidential elections > Invalid votes 5.2% [10th of 61]
Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 39.6% [84th of 86]
Presidential elections > Total vote 1,815,410 [57th of 87]
Presidential elections > Turnout 38.3 [69th of 82]
Presidential elections > Voter registration 4,587,680 [35th of 86]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 4,739,030 [42nd of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 389.627 per 1,000 people [74th of 91]


 

SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Niger, Republic of Niger, Republique du Niger


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