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1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Capital Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara
Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador Anna-Liisa Korhonen
Ambassadors from Israel > Current Israeli Ambassadors > Israeli Ambassador Noam Katz
Capital city Abuja
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 9 05 N, 7 32 E
Capital city > Name Abuja
Capital city > Time difference
UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Head of Government Olusegun Obasanjo
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Title President
Constitution
new constitution adopted 5 May 1999; effective 29 May 1999
Copyright > Reference Schedule I,
Corruption 1.9 [154th of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection
70 pma
photographs 50 pd
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3.5 [44th of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 2.5 [64th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Robin SANDERS
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [234] (9) 461-4036
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address
P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [234] (9) 461-4000
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
3519 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Oluwole ROTIMI
Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general Atlanta, New York
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 775-1385
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 986-8400
Elections > Head of state Direct election
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address 295 Metcalfe Street
embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood Centretown
Executive branch > Cabinet Federal Executive Council
Executive branch > Chief of state
President Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA (since 29 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Executive branch > Election results
Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA elected president; percent of vote - Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA 69.8%, Muhammadu BUHARI 18.7%, Atiku ABUBAKAR 7.5%, Orji Uzor KALU 1.7%, other 2.3%
Executive branch > Elections
president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 21 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2011)
Executive branch > Head of government
President Umaru Musa YAR'ADUA (since 29 May 2007)
Federal republic > Contemporary > Style Federal Republic
Flag description
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green
Flag modification 1 [187th of 197]
Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment January 7, 1993
Foreign relations > Nepal > Date of Establishment December 20, 1975
Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition November 12, 1984
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 9.72 % [13th of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 88351830000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 2742600000000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 20,892,180,000 $ [31st of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.211 $ per $1 of GDP [29th of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 158.84 $ per capita [90th of 184]
Government type federal republic
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom
Sir Richard Gozney
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom > Resident Heads of Missions > Type High Commission
Independence 1 October 1960 (from UK)
Independence Day > Date October 1
International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Judicial branch
Supreme Court (judges appointed by the President); Federal Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the federal government on the advice of the Advisory Judicial Committee)
Key ministers > Agriculture Adumu Bello
Key ministers > Defence Rabiu Kwankwaso
Key ministers > Education Vacant
Key ministers > Environment Bala Mande
Key ministers > Finance Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
Key ministers > Foreign affairs Oluyemi Adeniji
Key ministers > Health Eyitayo Lambo
Key ministers > Transport Abiye Sekibo
Legal origin
English
Legal system
based on English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Legislative branch
bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats, 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
Legislative branch > Election results
Senate - percent of vote by party - PDP 53.7%, ANPP 27.9%, AD 9.7%, other 8.7%; seats by party - PDP 76, ANPP 27, AD 6; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDP 54.5%, ANPP 27.4%, AD 8.8%, UNPP 2.8%, NPD 1.9%, APGA 1.6%, PRP 0.8%; seats by party - PDP 76, ANPP 27, AD 6, UNPP 2, APGA 2, NPD 1, PRP 1, vacant 1
Legislative branch > Elections
Senate - last held 21 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2011); House of Representatives - last held 21 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2011)
National holiday
Independence Day (National Day), 1 October
Partners in Population and Development > Representatives > Name H.E. Professor Osita Ogbu
political parties > Multi party
Political parties and leaders
Accord Party [Ikra Aliyu BILBIS]; Action Congress or AC [Hassan ZUMI]; Alliance for Democracy or AD [Mojisoluwa AKINFENWA]; All Nigeria Peoples' Party or ANPP [Edwin UME-EZEOKE]; All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]; Democratic People's Party or DPP [Jeremiah USENI]; Fresh Democratic Party [Chris OKOTIE]; Labor Party [Dan NWANYANWU]; Movement for the Restoration and Defense of Democracy or MRDD [Mohammed Gambo JIMETA]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Aliyu Habu FARI]; Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [vacant]; Peoples Progressive Alliance [Clement EBRI]; Peoples Redemption Party or PRP [Abdulkadir Balarabe MUSA]; Peoples Salvation Party or PSP [Lawal MAITURARE]; United Nigeria Peoples Party or UNPP [Mallam Selah JAMBO]
Political pressure groups and leaders
Academic Staff Union for Universities or ASUU; Campaign for Democracy or CD; Civil Liberties Organization or CLO; Committee for the Defense of Human Rights or CDHR; Constitutional Right Project or CRP; Human Right Africa; National Association of Democratic Lawyers or NADL; National Association of Nigerian Students or NANS; Nigerian Bar Association or NBA; Nigerian Labor Congress or NLC; Nigerian Medical Association or NMA; the Press; Universal Defenders of Democracy or UDD
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 16 [98th of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 0.122 per 1 million people [161st of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 23 [143rd of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 0.175 per 1 million people [165th of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 16 [1st of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 159.66 per 1 billion people [135th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 6.4 % [150th of 174]
Secession attempts Biafra
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 9 [97th of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 0.068 per 1 million people [163rd of 171]
Status
federal democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 465 days [6th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 457 days [89th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 80 days [54th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 43 days [64th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 1,120 hours [5th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 1.5 years [127th of 151]
Total businesses registered > number 981,709 [19th of 71]
Total businesses registered > number (per capita) 7.797 per 1 million people [48th of 83]
Trademarks, nonresidents 614 [58th of 99]
Trademarks, nonresidents (per capita) 6.78 per 1 million people [132nd of 146]
Trademarks, residents 1,392 [38th of 98]
Trademarks, residents (per capita) 15.371 per 1 million people [111st of 142]
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
Joint Border Commission with Cameroon reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately cedes sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a phase-out of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay in implementation; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries
UN membership date 7 Oct. 1960
United Nations mission
http://www.1upinfo.com/country-guide-study/nigeria/nigeria42.html
http://www.nigerianembassy.org/
Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Cleveland Park


 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; Wikipedia: Ambassadors from Israel ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: Commonwealth Heads of Government ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Elections by country ; Wikipedia: List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Wikipedia: Federal republic ; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Nepal ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia: Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom ; Wikipedia: Independence Day ; Economist Intelligence Unit; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Wikipedia: Partners in Population and Development ; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; "State Practice And International Law In Relation to unilateral Secession" by James Crawford, Whewell Professor of International Law, University of Cambridge, 19 February 1997. Available online via the Department of Justice, Canada; electionworld.org; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Nigeria, Federal Republic of Nigeria

Democracy
 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 5.33 [45th of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 5.38 [67th of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 6.05 [62nd of 119]
Civil and political liberties 3 [77th of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 3 [52nd of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.1 [48th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 2.5 [52nd of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 2.8 [53rd of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 3 [40th of 75]
Electoral system first-past-the-post
Electoral system type plurality
Female candidacy 1,958 [43rd of 161]
Female ministers 8.6% [85th of 125]
Female parliamentarians 3.3% [141st of 157]
Female suffrage 1958
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.855498368671254 [132nd of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes*
Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes 2.4% [61st of 110]
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 84.8% [29th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 49,136,200 [7th of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 93.1 [9th of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 57,938,900 [10th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 52,792,800 [11th of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 409.99 per 1,000 people [132nd of 162]
Presidential elections > Invalid votes 1.4% [44th of 61]
Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 52.3% [80th of 86]
Presidential elections > Total vote 30,280,100 [6th of 87]
Presidential elections > Turnout 57.4 [59th of 82]
Presidential elections > Voter registration 57,938,900 [5th of 86]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 52,792,800 [5th of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 409.99 per 1,000 people [67th of 91]


 

SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Nigeria, Federal Republic of Nigeria

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