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Armed forces growth 62 [29th of 132]
Armed forces personnel 352,000 [11th of 166]
    Armed forces personnel (per capita) 4.81842 per 1,000 people [54th of 166]
Arms imports > constant 1990 US$ 162,000,000 constant 1990 US$ [31st of 100]
    Arms imports > constant 1990 US$ (per capita) 2.316 constant 1990 US$ per c [58th of 170]

Branches
Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF): Ground Forces, Ethiopian Air Force (ETAF); note: Ethiopia is landlocked and has no navy; following the secession of Eritrea, Ethiopian naval facilities remained in Eritrean possession

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Ratification 08 AUG 2006  
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature 25 SEP 1996  
Conscription
Conscription exists. Compulsory military service is provided
Conventional arms imports $162,000,000.00 [31st of 85]
    Conventional arms imports (per $ GDP) 2.951 per $1,000 [12th of 85]
    Conventional arms imports (per capita) 2.218 per 1 population [47th of 85]
expenditure > % of central government expenditure 21.81 % [5th of 88]
expenditure > % of GDP 3.1 % [18th of 145]
expenditure > current LCU 3000000000  
Expenditures 3 % of GDP [23rd of 87]
Expenditures > Dollar figure $337,100,000.00 [26th of 111]
    Expenditures > Dollar figure (per $ GDP) $35.54 per 1,000 $ of GDP [12th of 111]
    Expenditures > Dollar figure (per capita) $4.82 per capita [70th of 111]
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 3% [26th of 154]
Manpower > Availability > Females 17,530,211 [18th of 162]
Manpower > Availability > Males 17,666,967 [18th of 210]
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 15,388,300 [19th of 175]
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 15,748,632 [19th of 175]
    Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 (per capita) 0.225 per capita [153rd of 175]
    Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 (per capita) 210.646 per 1,000 people [163rd of 174]
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 9,854,710 [23rd of 162]
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 10,060,775 [23rd of 210]
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 8,234,442 [24th of 174]
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 8,040,380 [25th of 174]
    Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 (per capita) 0.118 per capita [151st of 174]
    Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 (per capita) 110.062 per 1,000 people [158th of 173]
Manpower > Military age 18 years of age  
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 896,048 [11th of 226]
    Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females (per capita) 10.855 per 1,000 people [67th of 225]
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 887,061 [12th of 226]
    Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males (per capita) 10.746 per 1,000 people [84th of 225]
Manpower available for military service > Females age 18-49 14,482,885 [13th of 120]
    Manpower available for military service > Females age 18-49 (per capita) 0.189 per capita [99th of 120]
Manpower available for military service > Males age 18-49 14,568,277 [14th of 164]
    Manpower available for military service > Males age 18-49 (per capita) 0.19 per capita [142nd of 164]
Manpower fit for military service > Females age 18-49 7,902,660 [17th of 119]
    Manpower fit for military service > Females age 18-49 (per capita) 0.103 per capita [105th of 119]
Manpower fit for military service > Males age 18-49 8,072,755 [15th of 161]
    Manpower fit for military service > Males age 18-49 (per capita) 0.106 per capita [142nd of 161]
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Females age 18-49 801,789 [10th of 91]
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 803,777 [13th of 157]
personnel 183,000 [35th of 170]
    personnel (per capita) 2.568 per 1,000 people [116th of 171]
personnel > % of total labor force 0.58 % [113rd of 168]

Service age and obligation
18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; theoretically, no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct call-ups when necessary and compliance is compulsory

Tanks 500 tanks [20th of 22]
    Tanks (per capita) 6.84435 tanks per 1 million peop [20th of 22]
US military exports $854.00 thousand [43rd of 109]
    US military exports (per capita) $0.01 thousand per 1,000 peopl [92nd of 109]
Weapon holdings 937,000 [67th of 137]
    Weapon holdings (per capita) 12,826.3 per 1 million people [103rd of 137]

 

SOURCES
calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty ; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Dr T.R. O'Connor, (05/15/04); Study by David Lochhead and James Morrell; available from the Center for International Policy; Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

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