Geography        0  2554 reads

1) Natural geography
 

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Area > Comparative
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Area > Comparative to US places
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Area > Land 1,119,683 sq km [26th of 238]
    Area > Land (per capita) 13.565 sq km per 1,000 people [107th of 227]
Area > Total 1,127,127 sq km [33rd of 250]
    Area > Total (per capita) 13.655 sq km per 1,000 people [111st of 231]
Area > Water 7,444 sq km [52nd of 239]
    Area > Water (per capita) 90.181 sq km per million people [100th of 225]
Capital city with population Addis Ababa - 2,200,186  
Climate
tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Coastline 0 km [229th of 271]
Elevation extremes > Highest point Ras Dejen 4,533 m  
Elevation extremes > Lowest point Denakil Depression -125 m  
Forested Land 4.2% [167th of 193]
Geographic coordinates 8 00 N, 38 00 E  

Geography > Note
landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean

highest towns > Town/City Addis Ababa  
Irrigated land 2,900 sq km [65th of 196]
    Irrigated land (per capita) 42.266 sq km per million people [130th of 167]
Land area > sq. km 1,000,000 km² [28th of 206]
    Land area > sq. km (per capita) 14.034 km² per 1,000 people [97th of 206]
land border lengths > D-F > Number of neighbours 5 [2nd of 14]
land border lengths > D-F > Total Borders 5,328 km [1st of 14]

Land boundaries > Border countries
Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km

Land boundaries > Total 5,328 km [28th of 166]
    Land boundaries > Total (per capita) 64.547 km per million people [137th of 164]
Land use > Arable land 10.01% [112nd of 258]
Land use > Other 89.34% [114th of 258]
Land use > Permanent crops 0.65% [134th of 258]
Largest city population 2,431,000 [41st of 174]
    Largest city population (per capita) 0.033 per capita [165th of 174]
Largest city with population Addis Ababa - 2,200,186  
Location
Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
Map references
Africa
Maritime claims none (landlocked)  

Natural hazards
geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

Natural resources
small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

Population density 53.3 people per sqkm [138th of 256]
Population density > people per sq. km 71.26 people/m² [108th of 204]
Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land 524.03 people/km² of arable lan [50th of 188]
Surface area > sq. km 1,104,300 km² [26th of 206]
    Surface area > sq. km (per capita) 15.498 km² per 1,000 people [91st of 207]
tallest mountains > Mountain Ras Dejen  

Terrain
high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

 

SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; FAO; Wikipedia: List of highest towns by country ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of land border lengths ; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Heal The World Foundation.; Wikipedia: List of tallest mountains by country

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Environment
 

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Acidification 0% [56th of 141]
Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.48 % of GNI [68th of 179]
Adjusted savings: net forest depletion > % of GNI 5.04 % of GNI [4th of 57]
Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.33 % of GNI [87th of 165]
Areas under protection 39 [72nd of 146]
    Areas under protection (per capita) 0.533859 per 1 million people [127th of 146]
Biodiversity richness 1 [48th of 53]
Breeding birds threatened 2.56% [67th of 136]
Carbon efficiency 0.15 CO2 emissions/$ GDP [135th of 141]
CFC consumption 24.8 [95th of 107]
    CFC consumption (per capita) 0.00033948 per 1,000 people [97th of 107]
CO2 Emissions 3,648.6 [111st of 178]
    CO2 Emissions (per capita) 0.0499446 per 1,000 people [170th of 176]
CO2 emissions > kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.14 kg/PPP$ [139th of 170]
CO2 emissions > kt 7,333.33 kt [100th of 195]
    CO2 emissions > kt (per capita) 0.107 kt per 1,000 people [180th of 196]
CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating 3.5 [19th of 75]

Current issues
deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

Ecological footprint 0.85 [128th of 141]
Endangered species protection 90% [30th of 141]
Fertiliser consumption 165.07 hundred grams/hectare [101st of 141]
Forest area > % of land area 13 % of land area [138th of 195]
Forest area > sq. km 130,000 km² [40th of 195]
    Forest area > sq. km (per capita) 1,824.408 km² per 1,000 people [117th of 195]
Freshwater withdrawal 5.56 [3rd of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Agricultural 94% [1st of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic 6% [10th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Industrial 0% [11th of 124]
Groundwater withdrawals 0 [105th of 188]

International agreements > Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

International agreements > Signed but not ratified
Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea
Known breeding bird species 262 [32nd of 146]
    Known breeding bird species (per capita) 3.58644 per 1 million people [135th of 146]
Known mammal species 277 [18th of 145]
    Known mammal species (per capita) 3.79177 per 1 million people [112nd of 145]
Marine fish catch 0 tons [112nd of 141]
    Marine fish catch (per capita) 0 tons per 1,000 people [112nd of 141]
Non-wildness 0.31% [121st of 141]
NOx emissions per populated area 0.13 thousand metric tons/squ [114th of 141]
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day 22,085.4 kg/day [36th of 115]
Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions > kg per day per worker 0.23 kg per day per worker [8th of 115]
PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter 76.03 mcg/m³ [32nd of 185]
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 1,502 [104th of 199]
Protected area 5.5 [74th of 147]
SO2 emissions per populated area 70 thousand metric tons/squ [132nd of 141]
SO2 exports 1,360.06 hundred metric tons [65th of 141]
Threatened species 60 [33rd of 158]
Threatened species > Mammal 35 [15th of 160]
Total renewable water resources 110 cu km [8th of 31]
Urban NO2 concentration 29.96 micrograms/m3 [120th of 141]
Urban SO2 concentration 97.46 micrograms/m3 [27th of 141]
Water > Availability 2.17 thousand cubic metres [81st of 141]
Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 5.79 mls/litre [119th of 141]
Water > Freshwater pollution 0.16 tons/cubic km [55th of 69]
Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.38 mls/litre [54th of 141]
Water > Salinisation 871.56 [51st of 141]
Water > Severe water stress 24.7 [46th of 140]
Water > Suspended solids 3.59 mls/litre [114th of 141]
Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 5.5 % [43rd of 114]
Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.27 % [24th of 112]
Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions 60.97 % [9th of 114]
Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.28 % [36th of 94]
Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.69 % [43rd of 107]
Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 10.97 % [34th of 111]
Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 17.33 % [11th of 114]
Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 2 % [29th of 114]
Wildness 14.91% [57th of 141]

 

SOURCES
Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute; ; 2000 IUCN Red List, and World Resources Institute,World Resources 2000-2001, Washington, DC: WRI, 2000. Original sources: World Conservation Monitoring Center, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other sources.; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; UNEP, Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances, 1986-1998, October 1999. via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001. via ciesin.org; FAOSTAT on-line database; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the last wild places on the earth's surface. Accessed via ciesin.org; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, Data Version 1.1, B1Illustrative Marker Scenario with model IMAGE; Gregg Marland, Tom Boden, and Bob Andres, University of North Dakota, via net publication; Jacaranda Atlas; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, RAINS-ASIA and Co-operative Programme formonitoring and evaluation of the long range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP) via ciesin.org; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; World Resources Institute, World Resources 1998-99; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2000; WHO,Air Management Information System-AMIS 2.0, 1998; and Global Urban Observatory, Citibase, 1999. via ciesin.org; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen,R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001 (for BOD emissions)and Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 (for data on waterquantity). via ciesin.org; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen, R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the lastwild places on the earth's surface. via ciesin.org

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya


2) Human geography

Age distribution
 

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Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 1990

Age and sex distribution for the year 1990:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 1995

Age and sex distribution for the year 1995:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 2000

Age and sex distribution for the year 2000:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 2003

Age and sex distribution for the year 2003:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 2005

Age and sex distribution for the year 2005:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 2010

Age and sex distribution for the year 2010:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 2020

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020:

Ethiopia Population Pyramid for 2050

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050:


Source
US Census Bureau July 17, 2003
 

Labor
 

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Agricultural workers > Female 88% [1st of 77]
Agricultural workers > Male 89% [1st of 78]
Child employment in agriculture > % of economically active children ages 7-14 93.45 % [2nd of 11]
Child employment in agriculture, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14 88.72 % [3rd of 11]
Child employment in agriculture, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14 96.49 % [1st of 11]
Child employment in manufacturing > % of economically active children ages 7-14 1.37 % [8th of 10]
Child employment in manufacturing, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14 2.79 % [6th of 10]
Child employment in manufacturing, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14 0.45 % [9th of 10]
Child employment in services > % of economically active children ages 7-14 3.96 % [10th of 11]
Child employment in services, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14 6.18 % [10th of 11]
Child employment in services, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14 2.53 % [10th of 11]
Compensation of employees > % of expense 13.52 % [68th of 97]
Compensation of employees > current LCU 1859900000  
CPIA building human resources rating 3.5 [26th of 75]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14 41.1 [8th of 89]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 56.75 [30th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 69.91 [108th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 77.27 [112nd of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 78.41 [112nd of 165]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 79.46 [109th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 80.06 [99th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 80.17 [93rd of 163]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 77.75 [76th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 75.85 [37th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 70.2 [22nd of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 52.25 [17th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 10-14 42.45 [7th of 92]
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 59.68 [40th of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 80.03 [124th of 166]
Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 93.94 [121st of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 96.31 [138th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 97.33 [98th of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 97.18 [73rd of 163]
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 97.11 [47th of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 94.98 [46th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 93.52 [31st of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 90.38 [16th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 74.63 [12th of 162]
Economic activity > Women aged 10-14 39.76 [7th of 89]
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 53.7 [28th of 164]
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 59.35 [106th of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 59.99 [110th of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 61.05 [108th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 62.35 [96th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 62.74 [95th of 161]
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 60.43 [81st of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 58.48 [47th of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 51.28 [32nd of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 34.28 [22nd of 167]
Economically active children, female 45.88 % [2nd of 34]
Economically active children, male 67.87 % [1st of 34]
Economically active children, study and work 36.54 % [12th of 34]
Economically active children, study and work, female 29.09 % [11th of 34]
Economically active children, study and work, male 41.38 % [11th of 34]
Economically active children, total 57.09 % [1st of 34]
Economically active children, work only 63.46 % [3rd of 34]
Economically active children, work only, female 70.91 % [3rd of 33]
Economically active children, work only, male 58.62 % [3rd of 34]
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 70 % [2nd of 86]
Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 84.1 % [1st of 86]
Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 7.6 % [78th of 86]
Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 4.8 % [85th of 86]
Employees, services, female > % of female employment 22.4 % [81st of 86]
Employees, services, male > % of male employment 11.1 % [85th of 86]
Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 77.9 % [1st of 94]
Employment in industry > % of total employment 6.1 % [92nd of 94]
Employment in services > % of total employment 16.1 % [91st of 94]
Female economic activity 57.3% [62nd of 156]
Female economic activity growth -1% [117th of 156]
Firing cost > weeks of wages 40.1 weeks of wages [78th of 164]
force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 73.49 % [23rd of 184]
force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 90.65 % [13th of 184]
force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 81.99 % [14th of 184]
force with primary education > % of total 20.6 % [20th of 48]
force with secondary education > % of total 2.2 % [34th of 51]
force with tertiary education > % of total 1.1 % [33rd of 52]
force, female > % of total labor force 44.89 % [63rd of 184]
force, total 31,586,610 [16th of 184]
    force, total (per capita) 0.443 per capita [91st of 184]
Industrial workers > Female 2% [80th of 79]
Industrial workers > Male 2% [80th of 79]
Labor force 27,270,000 [5th of 132]
    Labor force (per capita) 434,360.167 per million people [17th of 131]
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Date May 27, 1999  
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 14 [134th of 146]
Parental leave > Paid maternity leave 90 days  
Parental leave > Unpaid maternity leave
Five days of unpaid leave in the event of exceptional or serious events
Regulation 51 [71st of 123]
Regulation > Employment Conditions 67 [72nd of 123]
Regulation > Firing 29 [82nd of 123]
Regulation > Hiring 58 [38th of 123]
regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 4.48 % [6th of 39]
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date June 4, 1963  
Rigidity of employment index 34 [92nd of 166]
Service workers > Female 11% [79th of 79]
Service workers > Male 9% [80th of 79]
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 40.6 % [85th of 174]
skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 17.69 % [5th of 38]
Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 66.7 % [9th of 71]
Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 57 % [18th of 71]
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 8.1 % [49th of 77]
Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 4.2 % [59th of 71]
Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 11.2 % [32nd of 71]
Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 31.2 % [3rd of 95]
Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 15.8 % [7th of 95]
Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 23.1 % [4th of 101]
Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 11.2 % [41st of 77]
Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 4.1 % [57th of 77]
Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 7.7 % [54th of 77]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ 16,000,000 $ [116th of 149]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP) 1.432 $ per $1,000 of GDP [107th of 166]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita) 0.225 $ per 1,000 people [139th of 167]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ 174,000,000 $ [99th of 156]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP) 15.571 $ per $1,000 of GDP [75th of 165]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita) 2.442 $ per capita [146th of 167]
Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ 173,519,400 BoP $ [58th of 115]
    Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP) 15.528 BoP $ per $1 million of [47th of 142]
    Workers' remittances, receipts > BoP, current US$ (per capita) 2.435 BoP $ per 1,000 people [85th of 143]

 
SOURCES
ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; World Development Indicators database; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973 ; Wikipedia: Parental leave ; The World Bank Group The original methodology and data come from The Regulation of Labor, by Juan Botero, Simeon Djankov, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer. When using the data, please also cite this paper as a reference.; The World Bank Group The original methodology and data come from The Regulation of Labor, by Juan Botero, Simeon Djankov, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, and Andrei Shleifer. When using the data, please also cite this paper as a reference; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

People
 

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African countries by population density > area 1,127,127 [10th of 56]
African countries by population density > pop. dens. 60 [21st of 56]
African countries by population density > population 67,673,031 [3rd of 56]
Age dependency ratio > dependents to working-age population 0.9 [18th of 185]
Age structure > 0-14 years 43.7 % [24th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years 43.9 [24th of 226]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 19,017,593 [10th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 46% [11th of 227]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 18,922,334 [10th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years 53.4 [200th of 226]
Age structure > 15-64 years 53.6 % [197th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 21,656,509 [20th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 51.4% [210th of 227]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 20,749,002 [21st of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over 2.7 % [201st of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 1,252,077 [36th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 2.7% [196th of 227]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 947,323 [36th of 225]
Birth rate 43.97 births/1,000 population [9th of 226]
Chinese population 100 [106th of 127]
    Chinese population (per capita) 0.137 per 100,000 people [125th of 126]
CPIA social protection rating 3.5 [24th of 75]
Death rate 11.83 deaths/1,000 population [41st of 226]
Education expenditures 6 % of GDP [14th of 55]
Female population > Age 10-14 4,775,542 [11th of 224]
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 6.39 [20th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 4,167,224 [13th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.57 [41st of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 3,435,639 [16th of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.59 [83rd of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 2,848,863 [17th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.81 [115th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 2,277,095 [19th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.05 [180th of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 1,857,402 [23rd of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 2.48 [194th of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 1,565,406 [27th of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 2.09 [189th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 1,319,354 [29th of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.76 [188th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 1,084,542 [29th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.45 [188th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 866,718 [29th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.16 [183rd of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 654,771 [30th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.88 [182nd of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 476,223 [33rd of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.64 [192nd of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 323,139 [34th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.43 [203rd of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 191,083 [43rd of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.26 [198th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 127,207 [51st of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.17 [194th of 224]
Gender development 0.313 [138th of 141]
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Capital Addis Ababa  
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks
500 (est.) (Hellenic Republic: Ministry of Foreign Affairs: ) – 700 (est.)
Jewish population > By country > Jews > % Jewish 0.027 % [52nd of 97]
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 20,000 [26th of 102]
Jewish population > Largest Jewish populations > Top 50 countries by Jewish population > Jews 20,000 [26th of 50]
Male population > Age 10-14 4,778,706 [11th of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 6.39 [35th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 4,176,079 [14th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.58 [54th of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 3,461,866 [16th of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.63 [99th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 2,919,668 [17th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.9 [120th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 2,322,786 [20th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.11 [187th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 1,880,167 [23rd of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 2.51 [201st of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 1,545,366 [26th of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 2.07 [191st of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 1,269,408 [28th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.7 [186th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 1,022,006 [28th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.37 [179th of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 801,482 [28th of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.07 [175th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 600,654 [28th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.8 [171st of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 417,431 [30th of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.56 [190th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 268,336 [33rd of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.36 [201st of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 151,281 [39th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.2 [199th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 92,301 [44th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.12 [204th of 224]
Median age > Female 17.2 years [207th of 224]
Median age > Male 16.6 years [210th of 224]
Median age > Total 16.9 years [208th of 224]
Nationality > Adjective Ethiopian  
Nationality > Noun Ethiopian(s)  
Percentage living in rural areas. 84% [7th of 193]
Percentage living in urban areas 16% [193rd of 199]
Population 82,544,840 [15th of 242]
Population > CIA Factbook 82,544,840 [15th of 240]

Population > Note
estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)

Population ages 0-14 > % of total 44.52 % [16th of 185]
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 52.55 % [167th of 185]
Population ages 65 and above > % of total 2.93 % [158th of 185]
Population growth > annual % 1.83 annual % [64th of 195]
Population growth rate 3.212% [11th of 235]
Population in 2015 97,155 [12th of 225]
Population in largest city 2,893,344 [46th of 118]
    Population in largest city (per capita) 0.041 per capita [112nd of 118]
Population in the largest city > % of urban population 25.38 % [67th of 118]
Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million 2,893,344 [53rd of 106]
    Population in urban agglomerations > more than 1 million (per capita) 0.041 per capita [104th of 106]
Population, female > % of total 50.3 % [106th of 190]
Projected population growth 164.22% [18th of 141]
Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 14 May 1991 a  
Rural population 59,855,040 [8th of 193]
    Rural population (per capita) 0.84 per capita [8th of 194]
Rural population growth > annual % 1.57 annual % [43rd of 193]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1 [107th of 223]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.96 male(s)/female [171st of 224]
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.76 male(s)/female [122nd of 223]
Sex ratio > At birth 1.03 male(s)/female [165th of 223]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > 15–65 1.01 [90th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > at birth 1.03 [191st of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > over 65 0.83 [83rd of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > total 0.96 [162nd of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > under 15 1.06 [41st of 215]
Sex ratio > Total population 0.97 male(s)/female [141st of 224]
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1 male(s)/female [208th of 224]
Total fertility rate 6.17 children born/woman [11th of 225]
Total Population 74,777,981 [16th of 227]
Total population > Age 10-14 9,554,248 [11th of 224]
Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 12.78 [25th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 8,343,303 [13th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 11.16 [47th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 6,897,505 [16th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 9.22 [90th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 5,768,531 [17th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 7.71 [113rd of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 4,599,881 [20th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 6.15 [185th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 3,737,569 [23rd of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 5 [199th of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 3,110,772 [26th of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 4.16 [196th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 2,588,762 [28th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.46 [190th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 2,106,548 [28th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.82 [180th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 1,668,200 [28th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 2.23 [179th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 1,255,425 [28th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.68 [180th of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 893,654 [31st of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.2 [193rd of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 591,475 [34th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.79 [198th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 342,364 [39th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.46 [197th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 219,508 [47th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.29 [197th of 224]
Total Population > Female 37,475,432 [16th of 227]
Total Population > Male 37,302,549 [16th of 227]
Urban population 11,400,960 [45th of 195]
    Urban population (per capita) 0.16 per capita [187th of 196]
Urban population growth > annual % 3.22 annual % [49th of 195]
Urbanization 16 [198th of 204]
Urbanization in 1975 9.5% [156th of 164]
Urbanization in 2015 22% [158th of 164]
Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 66 [119th of 144]
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 27 [133rd of 133]
Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 8 [160th of 170]
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 102 [154th of 173]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > reported 870 [9th of 154]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 850 [22nd of 166]
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 6 [173rd of 172]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of African countries by population density ; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; University Libraries, Ohio University; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center ; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Wikipedia: Greek diaspora ; Wikipedia: Jewish population ; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; World Development Indicators database and CIA World Factbook; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; Wikipedia: Sex ratio ; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; UNICEF

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Mortality
 

New Page 1
Death rate, crude > per 1,000 people 19.16 per 1,000 people [18th of 195]
rate, adult, female > per 1,000 female adults 424.75 per 1,000 female adults [26th of 185]
rate, adult, male > per 1,000 male adults 451.4 per 1,000 male adults [28th of 185]
rate, infant > per 1,000 live births 79.7 per 1,000 live births [31st of 187]
rate, under-5 > per 1,000 127 per 1,000 [29th of 187]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Immigration
 

New Page 1
immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population 0.7393 [155th of 195]
immigrant population > Number of immigrants 555,000 [57th of 195]
immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world >0.5%  
International migration stock > % of population 0.78 % [166th of 205]
International migration stock, total 555,054 [58th of 205]
Net migration -150,335 [142nd of 180]
    Net migration (per capita) -2.11 per 1 million people [88th of 185]
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 populati [86th of 225]

Net migration rate > A note
repatriation of Ethiopians who fled to Sudan for refuge from war and famine in earlier years is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese and Somali refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2002 est.)

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 100,817 [23rd of 151]
    Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita) 1,414.856 per 1 million people [60th of 162]
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 65,461 [24th of 77]
    Refugee population by country or territory of origin (per capita) 0.919 per 1 million people [41st of 77]
Refugees 284,930 [15th of 110]
    Refugees (per capita) 3.90032 per 1,000 people [40th of 110]
Refugees > Convention on refugees 10 Nov 1969 a  
Refugees > Outflow 61,000 [16th of 76]
    Refugees > Outflow (per capita) 0.83501 per 1,000 people [34th of 76]
Refugees > US acceptance rates 1.7 [50th of 49]
Refugees > US applications 14,585 [2nd of 64]
    Refugees > US applications (per capita) 0.19965 per 1,000 people [6th of 63]
Refugees > US applications approved 249 [14th of 53]
    Refugees > US applications approved (per capita) 0.00340848 per 1,000 people [23rd of 52]
Refugees > US applications denied 1,097 [6th of 41]
    Refugees > US applications denied (per capita) 0.0150165 per 1,000 people [9th of 40]
Refugees > US applications otherwise closed 7,891 [2nd of 39]
    Refugees > US applications otherwise closed (per capita) 0.108017 per 1,000 people [3rd of 38]
Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs 200,000 [12th of 40]
    Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs (per capita) 2.614 per 1,000 people [26th of 40]

Refugees and internally displaced persons > Refugees (country of origin)
66,980 (Sudan); 16,576 (Somalia); 13,078 (Eritrea)

to Sweden 11,200 [23rd of 24]
US visa lottery winners 6,353 US visa lottery winners [3rd of 178]
    US visa lottery winners (per capita) 86.9643 US visa lottery winners [21st of 176]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of countries by immigrant population ; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; United Nations Treaty Collection; UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). 2002. Correspondence on refugees and internally displaced persons. February. Geneva.; Nationmaster.com calculations based on USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) data; United States Citizenship and Immigration Services; Wikipedia: Demographics of Sweden ; US Department of State: Bureau of Consular Affairs

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

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