Mauritius at a glance        0  431 reads

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Geography

Area: 2,040 sq. km. (787 sq. mi.); 500 miles east of Madagascar, in the Indian Ocean.
Dependencies: Rodrigues Island, the Agalega Islands and Cargados Carajos Shoals; Mauritius also claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, where U.S. Naval Support Facility at Diego Garcia is located.
Cities: Capital--Port Louis (pop. 148,638). Other cities--Beau Bassin and Rose Hill (110,687), Vacoas-Phoenix (108,186), Curepipe (84,487), Quatre Bornes (81,773).
Terrain: Volcanic island surrounded by coral reefs. A central plateau is rimmed by mountains.
Climate: Tropical; cyclone season mid-December-April.

People

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Mauritian(s).
Population (2010 est.): 1,283,415, including Rodrigues, Agalega, and St. Brandon. Density--629/sq. km.
Avg. annual population growth (2010): 0.4%.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Mauritians 68%, Creoles 27%, Sino-Mauritians 3%, Franco-Mauritians 2%.
Religions: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%.
Languages: Creole (common), French, English (official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri.
Education: Years compulsory--11 (primary school). Attendance (primary school)--virtually universal. Literacy--adult population 84.4%; school population 90%.
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--12.2/1,000. Life expectancy--male 70.53 years, female 77.65 years.
Work force (2010 est., 581,300): Construction and industry--26%; trade and tourism--20%; agriculture and fishing--8%; communication--7%; finance--6%; other--33%.

Government

Type: Republic.
Independence: March 12, 1968 (became a republic in 1992).
Constitution: March 12, 1968.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister (head of government), Council of Ministers. Legislative--unicameral National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 10.
Major political parties: Mauritius Labor Party (MLP), Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM), and Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Defense (2006): 0.3% of GDP.

Economy

GDP (2010 est., official exchange rate): $9.496 billion.
Real growth rate (2010 est.): 4.2%.
Per capita income (2010 est., purchasing power parity): $13,670.
Avg. inflation rate (2010 est.): 2.9%.
Natural resources: None.
Agriculture (3.6% of GDP): Products--sugar, sugar derivatives, tea, tobacco, vegetables, fruits, flowers, cattle, and fishing.
Manufacturing, including export processing zone (18% of GDP): Types--labor-intensive goods for export, including textiles and clothing, watches and clocks, jewelry, optical goods, toys and games, and cut flowers.
Tourism sector (7% of GDP): Main countries of origin--France, including nearby French island Reunion, South Africa, and west European countries.
Financial services: 10% of GDP.
Trade: Exports (2010 est.)--$2.186 billion f.o.b.: textiles and clothing, sugar, canned tuna, molasses, watches and clocks, jewelry, optical goods, travel goods and handbags, toys and games, and flowers. Major markets--Europe and the U.S. Imports (2010 est.)--$4.298 billion f.o.b.: manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, meat, dairy products, fish, wheat, rice, wheat flour, vegetable oil, iron and steel, cement, fertilizers, and textile industry raw materials. Major suppliers--India, France, South Africa, China, Japan, Australia.
Fiscal year: January 1 - December 31.

Background

Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather, declining sugar prices, and declining textile and apparel production, have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.

Identification
 

15 character
Mauritius
30 character
Mauritius
Country name Mauritius    
ISO code 480    
ISO long MUS    
ISO short MU    
Native names Maurice    
Oceanographic code
MA
Translation > Catalan Maurici    
Translation > French Maurice    
Translation > German
Mauritius
Translation > Italian
Mauritius
Translation > Portugese Maur�cio    
Translation > Spanish Mauricio    
UN code 480    

SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; Microsoft.com; Wkipedia; IOC country codes

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Mauritius, Republic of Mauritius

Top rankings

1st
 
Democracy > Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006
Energy > Kerosene > Conversion in thermal power plants (per capita)
Energy > Kerosene > Conversion to other forms of energy (per capita)
Health > Suicide rate > Young females
Labor > Industrial workers > Female
Labor > regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Labor > skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
People > African countries by population density > pop. dens.

2nd
 

Economy > African countries by GDP per capita > GDP Per Capita
Education > Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment
Education > Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment
Environment > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions
Health > Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49

3rd
 

Economy > Researchers in R&D > per million people
Education > Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, aged 15-24
Labor > force with primary education > % of total
Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per $ GDP)
Religion > Religions > Hindu

4th
 

Crime > Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Crime > > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Economy > Short-term debt > % of total external debt
Education > Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population
Education > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary
Education > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male
Environment > Biodiversity richness
Food > beverages and tobacco > % of value added in manufacturing
Health > % of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural
Religion > Catholic > Cardinals (per $ GDP)

5th
 

Economy > Micro, small and medium enterprises > per 1,000 people
Economy > Quasi-liquid liabilities > % of GDP
Education > Trained teachers in primary education, male > % of male teachers
Education > Trained teachers in primary education > % of total teachers
Energy > Jet Fuel > Statistical differences (per capita)
Energy > Kerosene > Changes in stocks (per capita)
Energy > Kerosene > Conversion in thermal power plants
Energy > Kerosene > Conversion to other forms of energy
Government > Management time dealing with officials > % of management time



 

Bottom rankings

Last
 

Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > tractors
Agriculture > Arable land > hectares
Crime > Manslaughters
Economy > GDP growth > annual %
Economy > GDP per capita, PPP > current international $
Geography > Surface area > sq. km
Health > Birth rate, crude > per 1,000 people
Health > Hospital beds > per 1,000 people
Internet > International Internet bandwidth > Mbps
People > Urban population

2nd last
 

Crime > Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Crime > > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint
Economy > Import quantum/quantity index
Economy > Total reserves minus gold > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Environment > Total renewable water resources
Military > Expenditures
Military > Expenditures > Dollar figure (per $ GDP)
Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP
Sports > All-time medal tally of Commonwealth Games > Commonwealth Games > Gold
Sports > Chess > International Masters

3rd last
 

Economy > Total reserves > includes gold, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Education > Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort
Education > School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross
Education > School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross
Education > Trained teachers in primary education, female > % of female teachers
Energy > Petroleum Waxes > Imports
Industry > Manufactures exports > % of merchandise exports
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Arts and recreation
Media > Population covered by mobile telephony > %
Transportation > Investment in transport with private participation > current US$

4th last
 

Economy > Exports of goods, services and income > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > GNI > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > International tourism, receipts > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Micro, small and medium enterprises > number
Education > School enrollment, preprimary > % gross
Education > Trained teachers in primary education, male > % of male teachers
Education > Trained teachers in primary education > % of total teachers
Language > English-speaking population > As an additional language
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Literature
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philosophy, psychology

5th last
 

Agriculture > Livestock production index
Agriculture > value added per worker > constant 2000 US$
Crime > Murders committed by youths
Economy > Imports of goods and services > current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Net income from abroad > current US$
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Applied sciences
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Generalities
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Religion, theology
Media > Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes
People > African countries by population density > area

6th last
 

Economy > Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ (per $ GDP)
Economy > Portfolio investment, equity > DRS, current US$
Economy > World Trade > Exports > Dyeing tanning extracts
Education > Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population
Energy > Gas-diesel oils > Consumption in agriculture
Energy > Kerosene > Conversion in thermal power plants (per capita)
Labor > Compensation of employees > % of expense
Media > Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Social sciences
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