Culture        0  475 reads

1) General culture

Education

 

New Page 1
Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 2.96 % of GNI [121st of 168]
Duration of compulsory education 6 years [146th of 171]
Duration of education > Primary level 4 [156th of 181]
Duration of education > Secondary level 8 [6th of 181]
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 8,269,663 [1st of 189]
Education enrolment by level > Primary level (per capita) 0.121 per capita [4th of 172]
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 2,140,751 [4th of 171]
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level (per capita) 31.2 per 1,000 people [8th of 159]
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 172,111 [4th of 150]
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level (per capita) 2.508 per 1,000 people [6th of 146]
Education enrolment by level, percentage girls > Primary level 43.48% [9th of 179]
Education enrolment by level, percentage girls > Secondary level 36.33% [8th of 162]
Education enrolment by level, percentage girls > Tertiary level 25.16% [7th of 126]
Education enrolment ratio, net, primary level 70% [6th of 160]
Education enrolment ratio, net, primary level > Men 72% [5th of 160]
Education enrolment ratio, net, primary level > Women 67% [6th of 160]
Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 6.1% [1st of 127]
Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 17.5% [1st of 85]
Education spending (% of GDP) 4.6% [68th of 132]
Education spending (% of total government expenditure) 13.8% [53rd of 96]
Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 68.4% [5th of 112]
Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 66.9% [5th of 101]
Education, percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Women 70.3% [5th of 101]
Education, primary completion rate 55 [107th of 148]
Education, primary completion rate > Men 61 [97th of 145]
Education, primary completion rate > Women 49 [103rd of 145]
Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 12.7% [126th of 135]
Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 22.11 % [8th of 101]
Female enrolment share > Primary level 40.6% [172nd of 176]
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 39.7% [150th of 170]
Geographical aptitude results 66.117 [131st of 191]
Girls to boys ratio, primary level enrolment 0.88 [8th of 183]
Girls to boys ratio, secondary level enrolment 0.69 [7th of 172]
Girls to boys ratio, tertiary level enrolment 0.32 [94th of 139]
Grade 1 intake rate 25.7 [104th of 114]
Gross intake rate in grade 1, female > % of relevant age group 134.97 % [8th of 156]
Gross intake rate in grade 1, male > % of relevant age group 147.64 % [6th of 156]
Gross intake rate in grade 1, total > % of relevant age group 141.33 % [7th of 157]
Illiteracy rates by sex, aged 15+ 57.3% [11th of 138]
Illiteracy rates by sex, aged 15+ > Men 49.8% [6th of 138]
Illiteracy rates by sex, aged 15+ > Women 64.8% [15th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ 21,213,800 [6th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ (per capita) 309.178 per 1,000 people [11th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Men 9,107,300 [5th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Men (per capita) 132.733 per 1,000 people [10th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Women 12,152,100 [8th of 138]
Illiterate population by sex, aged 15+ > Women (per capita) 177.11 per 1,000 people [18th of 138]
Literacy > Definition
age 15 and over can read and write
Literacy > Female 35.1% [143rd of 157]
Literacy > Male 50.3% [151st of 156]
Literacy > Total population 42.7% [152nd of 160]
Literacy rate, adult female > % of females ages 15 and above 19.81 % [111st of 121]
Literacy rate, adult male > % of males ages 15 and above 37.34 % [118th of 121]
Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above 28.6 % [115th of 121]
Literacy rate, youth female > % of females ages 15-24 34.05 % [113rd of 123]
Literacy rate, youth male > % of males ages 15-24 51.54 % [119th of 123]
Literacy rate, youth total > % of people ages 15-24 42.99 % [117th of 123]
Literacy rates, aged 15-24 31.2% [34th of 138]
Literacy rates, aged 15-24 > Men 28.6% [34th of 138]
Literacy rates, aged 15-24 > Women 33.8% [34th of 138]
Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 31.41 % [85th of 95]
Net intake rate in grade 1, female > % of official school-age population 30.15 % [84th of 93]
Net intake rate in grade 1, male > % of official school-age population 32.67 % [84th of 93]
Persistence to grade 5, female > % of cohort 22.96 % [75th of 83]
Persistence to grade 5, male > % of cohort 15.62 % [76th of 83]
Persistence to grade 5, total > % of cohort 18.25 % [88th of 92]
Primary completion rate, female > % of relevant age group 48.82 % [74th of 138]
Primary completion rate, male > % of relevant age group 61.12 % [69th of 138]
Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group 54.99 % [76th of 141]
Primary education, duration > years 4 years [192nd of 197]
Primary education, pupils 8,019,287 [3rd of 176]
Primary education, pupils (per capita) 0.113 per capita [67th of 193]
Primary education, pupils > % female 45.97 % female [88th of 175]
Primary education, teachers 110,945 [16th of 159]
Primary education, teachers (per capita) 1.557 per 1,000 people [90th of 191]
Primary education, teachers > % female 44.62 % female [68th of 153]
Primary school girls out of school 84% [5th of 99]
Private school enrolment > Primary level 5.5 [83rd of 148]
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 2.1 [113rd of 131]
Progression to secondary level 84.5 [56th of 97]
Progression to secondary school > % 84.19 % [42nd of 123]
Progression to secondary school, female > % 83.93 % [41st of 118]
Progression to secondary school, male > % 84.38 % [36th of 118]
Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 5 % [22nd of 136]
Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 19.4 % [14th of 103]
Public spending per student > Primary level 33.6 [7th of 126]
Public spending per student > Secondary level 71.2 [4th of 123]
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 951.1 [4th of 123]
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 72.28 [3rd of 159]
Pupils reaching grade 5 63.8 [93rd of 108]
Pupils-teacher ratio > primary level 54.9 [9th of 175]
Pupils-teacher ratio > secondary level 46.6 [3rd of 121]
Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 32.16 [58th of 137]
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 85.67 [88th of 174]
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 63.96 [89th of 162]
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 76.09 % [68th of 157]
Ratio of young literate females to males > % ages 15-24 66.06 % [106th of 123]
Repetition rate, primary > % of total enrollment 6.99 % [41st of 128]
Repetition rate, primary, female > % of total enrollment 6.27 % [38th of 125]
Repetition rate, primary, male > % of total enrollment 7.61 % [42nd of 125]
Repitition rate > Primary level 7.4 [58th of 143]
Repitition rate > Secondary level 18 [9th of 82]
School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 2.19 % gross [81st of 159]
School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 2.14 % gross [81st of 153]
School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 2.25 % gross [81st of 153]
School enrollment, primary > % gross 93.37 % gross [80th of 176]
School enrollment, primary > % net 61.43 % net [78th of 139]
School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 86.14 % gross [85th of 174]
School enrollment, primary, female > % net 58.76 % net [73rd of 137]
School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 100.55 % gross [67th of 174]
School enrollment, primary, male > % net 64.08 % net [74th of 136]
School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 3.7 % [54th of 139]
School enrollment, secondary > % gross 31.26 % gross [79th of 164]
School enrollment, secondary > % net 27.87 % net [55th of 121]
School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 24.37 % gross [81st of 162]
School enrollment, secondary, female > % net 21.82 % net [59th of 119]
School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 38.11 % gross [77th of 162]
School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 33.89 % net [52nd of 119]
School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 5.96 % [48th of 124]
School enrollment, tertiary > % gross 2.68 % gross [53rd of 141]
School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 1.3 % gross [55th of 137]
School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 4.06 % gross [50th of 137]
School life expectancy > Female 3.2 years [94th of 96]
School life expectancy > Male 5.3 years [94th of 97]
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 8 years [6th of 93]
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 7 years [6th of 93]
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 8 years [6th of 93]
School life expectancy > Total 4.3 years [106th of 110]
Schools connected to the Internet > % 1 % [38th of 39]
Scientific and technical journal articles 99 [81st of 175]
Secondary education, general pupils 4,382,571 [5th of 183]
Secondary education, general pupils (per capita) 0.062 per 1,000 people [61st of 196]
Secondary education, pupils 4,541,229 [6th of 166]
Secondary education, pupils (per capita) 0.064 per capita [61st of 185]
Secondary education, pupils > % female 38.89 % female [84th of 153]
Secondary education, teachers 82,732 [14th of 141]
Secondary education, teachers (per capita) 1.161 per 1,000 people [67th of 188]
Secondary education, teachers > % female 16.6 % female [60th of 131]
Secondary education, vocational pupils 158,658 [13th of 163]
Secondary education, vocational pupils (per capita) 2.227 per 1,000 people [49th of 183]
Tertiary enrollment 1.6% [138th of 151]
Trained teachers in primary education > % of total teachers 97.08 % [18th of 61]
Trained teachers in primary education, female > % of female teachers 97.81 % [16th of 56]
Trained teachers in primary education, male > % of male teachers 96.49 % [17th of 56]
Unemployment with primary education > % of total unemployment 26.9 % [49th of 78]
Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment 27.4 % [40th of 72]
Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 26.5 % [48th of 72]
Unemployment with secondary education > % of total unemployment 61.3 % [14th of 77]
Women to men parity index, as ratio of literacy rates, aged 15-24 1.18 [1st of 138]
World Organization of the Scout Movement > Members > Admits Boys/Girls both


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; UNESCO; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; United Nations Human Development Programme; The Geography Zone; World Bank; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Household survey data, net enrolment data from UNESCO, and data from UNICEF country offices; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Health
 

% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3

56

[165th of 187]

% immunized 1-year-old children > Measles

52

[172nd of 186]

% immunized 1-year-old children > Polio3

57

[162nd of 187]

% immunized 1-year-old children > TB

76

[126th of 153]

% immunized pregnant women tetanus

24

[55th of 54]

% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural

7

[135th of 140]

% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total

12

[143rd of 144]

% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban

33

[140th of 141]

% of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural

12

[145th of 146]

% of population using improved drinking water sources > Total

24

[149th of 150]

% of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban

81

[117th of 147]

% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total

18

[118th of 133]

% under-fives with ARI --

24

[7th of 79]

% under-fives with ARI taken to health provider

16

[80th of 80]

Abortion law > National laws > Physical Health

Yes

 

Access to sanitation

88%

[56th of 129]

Adolescent fertility rate > births per 1,000 women ages 15-19

87.3 births

[43rd of 184]

ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider

18.7 %

[7th of 52]

Birth rate, crude > per 1,000 people

39.12 per 1,000 people

[25th of 195]

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total

5.7 %

[16th of 76]

Births with health staff

10%

[117th of 116]

Children living with AIDS

230,000

[4th of 80]

    Children living with AIDS (per capita)

3.1484 per 1,000 people

[18th of 80]

Children Underweight Rate

16%

[3rd of 95]

Contraception

8%

[84th of 89]

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49

14.7 %

[9th of 57]

Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding

37.9 %

[26th of 47]

Drinking water availability %

24%

[147th of 147]

Drug access

50%

[97th of 163]

expenditure per capita > current US$

5.6 $

[182nd of 186]

expenditure, private > % of GDP

2.57 %

[78th of 187]

expenditure, public > % of GDP

2.73 %

[116th of 187]

expenditure, total > % of GDP

5.3 %

[112nd of 187]

External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health

35.2 %

[15th of 141]

Fertility rate, total > births per woman

5.32 births per woman

[24th of 194]

HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate

4.4%

[23rd of 136]

HIV AIDS > Deaths

120,000

[6th of 102]

    HIV AIDS > Deaths (per capita)

1,748.928 per million people

[26th of 102]

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS

1,500,000

[4th of 126]

    HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS (per capita)

21.862 per 1,000 people

[23rd of 126]

HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49

6.41

[19th of 114]

HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years,

6.4

[19th of 145]

HIVAIDS > children orphaned by AIDS 0-14 years,

989,000

[2nd of 82]

Hospital beds > per 1,000 people

0.24 per 1,000 people

[149th of 149]

Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months

69 %

[169th of 190]

Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months

59 %

[173rd of 190]

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access

13 %

[163rd of 167]

Improved sanitation facilities, rural > % of rural population with access

7 %

[162nd of 167]

Improved sanitation facilities, urban > % of urban population with access

44 %

[162nd of 173]

Improved water source > % of population with access

22 %

[176th of 176]

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access

11 %

[174th of 174]

Improved water source, urban > % of urban population with access

81 %

[152nd of 181]

Incidence of tuberculosis > per 100,000 people

343.9 per 100,000 people

[22nd of 200]

Infant mortality rate

102.12

[11th of 179]

Infant mortality rate > Female

70.87 deaths/1,000 live births

[24th of 225]

Infant mortality rate > Male

94.08 deaths/1,000 live births

[15th of 225]

Infant mortality rate > Total

82.64 deaths/1,000 live births

[20th of 225]

Intestinal diseases death rate

35.86%

[14th of 141]

life expectancy > Date of information

2006 est.

 

Life expectancy at birth > Female

57.51 years

[186th of 226]

Life expectancy at birth > Male

52.54 years

[189th of 226]

Life expectancy at birth > Total population

54.99 years

[187th of 225]

Life expectancy at birth, female > years

43.43 years

[171st of 194]

Life expectancy at birth, male > years

41.91 years

[173rd of 194]

Life expectancy at birth, total > years

42.65 years

[171st of 194]

Major infectious diseases > Animal contact disease

rabies

 

Major infectious diseases > Degree of risk

high

 

Major infectious diseases > Food or waterborne diseases
bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever

Major infectious diseases > Vectorborne diseases

malaria

 

Major infectious diseases > Water contact disease

schistosomiasis

 

Malaria % under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs

3

[34th of 34]

Malaria cases > per 100,000

556

[44th of 94]

Malaria prevention, use of insecticide-treated bed nets > % of under-5 population

1.5 %

[5th of 27]

Malnutrition prevalence, height for age > % of children under 5

46.5 %

[1st of 52]

Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age > % of children under 5

38.4 %

[1st of 63]

Measles immunization

27

[165th of 168]

Nutrition > % of children who are still breastfeeding 20-23 months

77

[5th of 105]

Nutrition > % of children who are � exclusively breastfed 6 months

55

[22nd of 125]

Nutrition > % of households consuming iodized salt

28

[87th of 112]

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe

52

[2nd of 132]

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe

47

[4th of 137]

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight severe

16

[3rd of 104]

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe

11

[24th of 128]

Nutrition > Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate 6-59 months

16

[57th of 57]

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health

78.3 %

[122nd of 185]

Physicians > per 1,000 people

0.03 per 1,000 people

[52nd of 148]

Population suffering from undernourishment in 1990-1992

61 %

[4th of 106]

Population suffering from undernourishment in 2001-2003

46 %

[9th of 108]

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care > %

27.6 %

[12th of 62]

Prevalence of HIV, total > % of population ages 15-49

1.4 %

[49th of 148]

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population

46 %

[11th of 172]

Probability of dying before 5 > Females

171 per 1,000 people

[16th of 187]

Probability of not reaching 40

43.6%

[12th of 111]

Probability of reaching 65 > Female

35.6%

[148th of 159]

Probability of reaching 65 > Male

31.4%

[148th of 159]

Respiratory disease child death rate

221.53 (est)

 

Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults

0.3 %

[42nd of 43]

Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults

5.9 %

[42nd of 42]

Spending > Per person

4

[134th of 133]

Spending > Private

2.4

[61st of 141]

Spending > Public

1.2% (1999)

 

Tobacco > Cigarette consumption

87

[106th of 106]

Tobacco > Total adult smokers

0

[120th of 121]

Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000

179

[32nd of 165]

Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS > %

32.7 %

[154th of 178]

Tuberculosis immunisation

46%

[130th of 134]

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases

79.34 %

[96th of 171]

Unmet need for contraception > % of married women ages 15-49

35.2 %

[3rd of 13]

Water availability

1,749 cubic meters

[127th of 169]

Women circumcised

23.9

[3rd of 27]

    Women circumcised (per capita)

0.00032716 per 1,000 people

[6th of 27]

Women circumcised share

23.9%

[3rd of 27]


SOURCES
UNICEF; Wikipedia: Abortion law ; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; World Development Indicators database; WHO 2002a; UNHDR; UNICEF; UN (United Nations). 2002. United Nations Population Division Database on Contraceptive Use. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. January. New York; World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report and updates provided by UNICEF to the United Nations Millennium Indicator Database; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations, Demographic Yearbook, 1997; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; World Health Organisation. 1997-1999 World Health Statistics Annual. Geneva: WHO, 2000; Wikipedia: List of countries by life expectancy ; UNHDR; Wikipedia: List of countries by percentage of population suffering from undernourishment ; The World Health Report 2001; UN 2001 via backone.pdf; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; ; World Health Organization; World Health Organization2005; Unicef (1994)

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Interesting facts on Ethiopian Health
In Ethiopia, nine out of ten births occur without skilled health staff present.

Sports
 

New Page 1
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Bronze 1 44th of 61]
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Gold 2 [32nd of 53]
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population 57 349 000
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population > /medal 19 116 000
1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Total 3 [45th of 79]
1997 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 10.
1999 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 6.
1999 World Championships in Athletics > Medals Table > Position 9.
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Bronze 3 [21st of 68]
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Gold 4 [20th of 51]
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population 65 590 000
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Population > /medal 8 199 000
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Silver 1 [45th of 53]
2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita > Total 8 [26th of 79]
2001 World Championships in Athletics > Medals Table > Position 6.
2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Position 5.
2003 World Championships in Athletics > Medals Table > Position 4.
2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Place 3.
2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships > Medals table > Total 2 [10th of 31]
African Cup of Nations > Most tournaments hosted > Hosts 3 times
Chess > GrandMasters 0 [113rd of 135]
Chess > GrandMasters (per capita) 0 per 100,000 population [113rd of 135]
Chess > International Masters 0 [113rd of 135]
Chess > International Masters (per capita) 0 per 1 million population [113rd of 135]
Chess > World Chess Rankings 2,148 [113rd of 135]
FIFA World Ranking > Men 397 [107th of 198]
FIFA World Ranking > Men (per capita) 5.434 per 1 million people [185th of 197]
FIFA World Ranking > Women 1,084 [100th of 117]
FIFA World Ranking > Women (per capita) 0.015 per 1,000 population [107th of 116]
Olympic medals > Bronze > Sydney 2000 3 [22nd of 64]
Olympic medals > Bronze > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.411 per 10 million people [55th of 64]
Olympic medals > Gold > Sydney 2000 4 [16th of 48]
Olympic medals > Gold > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.055 per capita [38th of 48]
Olympic medals > Silver > Sydney 2000 1 [48th of 50]
Olympic medals > Silver > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.001 per 100,000 people [48th of 50]
Olympic medals > Total > Sydney 2000 8 [24th of 75]
Olympic medals > Total > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 1.095 per 10 million people [59th of 75]
Olympic point totals > Sydney 2000 17 [26th of 79]
Olympic point totals > Sydney 2000 (per capita) 0.232708 per 1 million people [56th of 79]
Summer olympic medals > All time 24 [38th of 116]
Summer olympic medals > All time (per capita) 3.285 per 10 million people [81st of 116]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: 1996 Summer Olympics medals per capita ; Wikipedia: 1997 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 1999 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 1999 World Championships in Athletics ; Wikipedia: 2000 Summer Olympics medals per capita ; Wikipedia: 2001 World Championships in Athletics ; Wikipedia: 2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: 2003 World Championships in Athletics ; Wikipedia: 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships ; Wikipedia: African Cup of Nations ; World Chess Federation, 2006; Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA); FIFA Official Website, December 2005; International Olympic Committee; The Golden Book of the Olympic Games

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Food
 

New Page 1
beverages and tobacco > % of value added in manufacturing 4.07 % [66th of 103]
exports > % of merchandise exports 61.98 % [17th of 156]
imports > % of merchandise imports 21.47 % [18th of 155]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Language
 

New Page 1
English speakers 1,986 [35th of 52]
    English speakers (per $ GDP) 0.002 per $10,000 of GDP [28th of 35]
    English speakers (per capita) 0.003 per 100 people [39th of 46]

English status
Language of higher education, many technical fields, and international communication. Official language. Bible 1535-1989.

English-speaking population > As an additional language 169,726 [47th of 59]
English-speaking population > First language 1,986 [40th of 62]
English-speaking population > Total 171,712 [50th of 99]
Languages of the African Union > Illiteracy > Literacy rate 41.5 [163rd of 174]


SOURCES
Ethnologue; Wikipedia: List of countries by English-speaking population ; Wikipedia: List of countries by English-speaking population; Wikipedia: Languages of the African Union

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya


2) Religion
 

New Page 1
Catholic > Diocesan priests 174 [79th of 143]
    Catholic > Diocesan priests (per capita) 0.00238183 per 1,000 people [118th of 143]
Catholic > Dioceses 9 [57th of 150]
    Catholic > Dioceses (per capita) 0.000123198 per 1,000 people [134th of 148]
Catholic > Parishes 228 [68th of 149]
    Catholic > Parishes (per capita) 0.00312102 per 1,000 people [120th of 147]
Catholic > Permanent Deacons 1 [76th of 90]
    Catholic > Permanent Deacons (per capita) 0.0136887 per 1 million people [87th of 90]
Catholic > Religious Priests 283 [55th of 148]
    Catholic > Religious Priests (per capita) 0.0038739 per 1,000 people [112nd of 147]
Catholic > Total Priests 457 [67th of 149]
    Catholic > Total Priests (per capita) 0.00625573 per 1,000 people [119th of 148]
Catholics 462,000 [86th of 140]
Catholics as percentage 0.8 [117th of 150]
Islam > Number of Muslim 36,032,160 [10th of 67]
Islam > Percentage 47.5% [48th of 164]
Islam > Percentage Muslim 47.5% [50th of 168]
Islam > Population 34,700,310 [10th of 165]
Islam > Shia 387,000 [30th of 67]
Islam > Shia to Muslim 1 % [65th of 67]
Islam > Sunni 23,135,000 [14th of 67]
Islam > Sunni to Muslim 99 % [3rd of 67]
Islam in Africa > Islamic population in Africa and population percentage > Population 50 % [20th of 45]
Jehovahs Witnesses 7,563 [74th of 178]
    Jehovahs Witnesses (per capita) 0.0915089 per 1,000 people [156th of 177]
Jews 500 [73rd of 89]
    Jews (per capita) 0.00684435 per 1,000 people [83rd of 89]
Protestantism > By country > Protestants 7,305,328 [18th of 167]
Protestantism > By country > Protestants > % Protestant 10 % [71st of 163]

Religions > All
Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%

Religions > Muslim 45 % [42nd of 100]
Roman Catholicism > By country > Roman Catholicism > % Catholic 0.8 % [135th of 170]
Roman Catholicism > By country > Roman Catholicism > Catholic total 584,426 [86th of 170]
Seventh-day Adventist Membership 140,181 [30th of 232]
    Seventh-day Adventist Membership (per capita) 19,188.945 per 10 million people [97th of 222]


SOURCES
Catholic Hierarchy.org; Wikipedia: Demographics of Islam ; CIA World Factbook; International Religious Freedom Report 2004, U.S. State Department; Wikipedia: Islam in Africa ; watchtower.org - 2002 Report of Jehovah's Witnesses Worldwide; World Jewish Congress (WJC), 1998; Wikipedia: Protestantism by country ; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; Wikipedia: Roman Catholicism by country ; adventiststatistics.org 2004 Annual Report 31 December 2004

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya


3) Media
 

New Page 1
Average cost of local call 0.02 [124th of 151]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Applied sciences 77 [33rd of 77]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Applied sciences (per capita) 1.226 per million people [40th of 77]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Arts and recreation 8 [40th of 72]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Generalities 40 [32nd of 70]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Generalities (per capita) 0.637 per million people [40th of 70]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Geography, history 21 [40th of 77]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Geography, history (per capita) 0.334 per million people [39th of 77]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Literature 18 [41st of 77]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Literature (per capita) 0.287 per million people [41st of 76]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philology 8 [33rd of 70]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Philology (per capita) 0.127 per million people [37th of 69]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Pure sciences 6 [39th of 72]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Pure sciences (per capita) 0.096 per million people [40th of 72]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Religion, theology 63 [27th of 73]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Religion, theology (per capita) 1.003 per million people [39th of 72]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Social sciences 203 [33rd of 77]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Social sciences (per capita) 3.233 per million people [41st of 76]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Total 444 [38th of 80]
Book production, titles by the Universal Decimal Classification > Total (per capita) 7.072 per million people [41st of 79]
Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service exports 15.71 % [87th of 153]
Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports 23.54 % [80th of 155]
Daily newspapers > per 1,000 people 0.37 per 1,000 people [86th of 89]
DVD region 5 [12th of 171]
E-Government rating 40 [99th of 182]
Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > per 1,000 people 14.33 per 1,000 people [140th of 193]
HAM radio prefixes ETA - ETZ
Households with television > % 2.41 % [139th of 160]
International dialling code 251
International voice traffic > out and in, minutes 157,240,200 min. [53rd of 164]
International voice traffic > out and in, minutes (per capita) 2.248 min. per capita [72nd of 185]
Mobile phone subscribers 410,630 [126th of 198]
Mobile phone subscribers (per capita) 5.763 per 1 million people [166th of 201]
Newspaper circulation 23,000 [44th of 51]
Newspaper circulation (per capita) 0.31484 per 1,000 people [50th of 51]
Newspapers 2 [61st of 67]
Newspapers (per capita) 0.0273774 per 1 million people [67th of 67]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Daily 23,000 [78th of 90]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Daily (per capita) 0.375 per 1,000 people [87th of 90]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Non-daily 402,000 [30th of 46]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Non-daily (per capita) 6.562 per 1,000 people [43rd of 46]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Periodicals 688,000 [15th of 26]
Newspapers and periodicals > Circulation > Periodicals (per capita) 11.23 per 1,000 people [21st of 26]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Daily 2 [94th of 106]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Daily (per capita) 0.033 per million people [104th of 104]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Non-daily 78 [29th of 69]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Non-daily (per capita) 1.273 per million people [48th of 68]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Periodicals 15 [36th of 40]
Newspapers and periodicals > Number of titles > Periodicals (per capita) 0.233 per million people [37th of 40]
Number of PCs 225 [90th of 169]
Number of PCs (per $ GDP) 0.041 per $10 million of GDP [120th of 144]
Number of PCs (per capita) 0.031 per 10,000 people [161st of 169]
Personal computers 225,000 [87th of 164]
Personal computers (per capita) 3.216 per 1 million people [150th of 171]
Phone subscribers 4.76 [176th of 178]
Price basket for mobile > US$ per month 3.03 $/month [173rd of 185]
Price basket for residential fixed line > US$ per month 2.92 $/month [138th of 151]
Radio broadcast stations AM 8, FM 0, shortwave 1
Radio receivers 11,750,000 [29th of 188]
Radio receivers (per capita) 0.197 per capita [124th of 182]
Radios 15,200,000 [27th of 221]
Radios (per capita) 208.068 per 1,000 people [142nd of 212]
Telecommunications investment > % of revenue 29.29 % [23rd of 165]
Telecommunications investment > current LCU 304000000
Telecommunications revenue > % GDP 1.69 % GDP [73rd of 167]
Telecommunications revenue > current LCU 1631843000
Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes 4.01 $ [18th of 142]
Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per $ GDP) 504.929 $ per $1 trillion of GD [35th of 174]
Telephone average cost of call to US > US$ per three minutes (per capita) 58.443 $ per 1 million people [95th of 178]
Telephone employees, total 8,192 [44th of 194]
Telephone employees, total (per capita) 0.117 per 1,000 people [89th of 202]
Telephone faults > per 100 mainlines 100 per 100 mainlines [5th of 134]
Telephone mainlines 610,347 [75th of 202]
Telephone mainlines (per capita) 8.566 per 1,000 people [130th of 203]
Telephone subscribers 1,020,977 [94th of 199]
Telephone subscribers (per capita) 0.014 per 1,000 people [142nd of 201]
Telephone subscribers per employee 80.86 [90th of 191]

Telephone system > Domestic
open-wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; 2 domestic satellites provide the national trunk service

Telephone system > General assessment
inadequate telephone system; the number of fixed lines and mobile telephones is increasing from a very small base; combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity is only about 2 per 100 persons

Telephone system > International
country code - 251; open-wire to Sudan and Djibouti; microwave radio relay to Kenya and Djibouti; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean)

Telephone system > Regulation 1996
Telephones > Main lines in use 880,100 [68th of 174]
Telephones > Main lines in use (per capita) 11.503 per 1,000 people [111st of 173]
Telephones > Mobile cellular 1,208,000 [113rd of 186]
Telephones > Mobile cellular (per capita) 15.788 per 1,000 people [162nd of 185]
Television broadcast stations 1 [18th of 89]
Television broadcast stations (per capita) 0.015 per million people [22nd of 67]
Television receivers 320,000 [107th of 185]
Television receivers (per capita) 5.356 per 1,000 people [166th of 179]
Television standard > UHF PAL G
Television standard > VHF PAL B
Televisions 682,000 [95th of 215]
Televisions (per capita) 9.33569 per 1,000 people [187th of 209]


SOURCES
Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; World Development Indicators database; Amazon.com; report presents the second annual update on global e-government, i.e., the delivery of public sector information and online services through the Internet. This report studies the features that are available online at national government websites. Using a detailed analysis of 1.197 government websites in 198 different nations, it measures the information and services that are online, chart the variations that exist across countries, and discuss how e-government sites vary by region of the world. In order to see how the 198 nations ranked overall, the E-Government Ranking 2002 created a 0 to 100 point index and applied it to each nation's websites based on the availability of contact information, publications, databases, portals, and number of online services. (2002); hamcity.com; UNESCO Institute for Statistics, March 11, 2003; ITU; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; ITU-BDT Telecommunications Regulatory Database; Tenlab May 2002

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Internet
 

New Page 1
Broadband subscribers 57 [105th of 117]
    Broadband subscribers (per capita) 0.831 per 1 million people [140th of 146]
Country code .et  
Hosts 128 [183rd of 228]
    Hosts (per capita) 1.551 per million people [214th of 222]
International Internet bandwidth > Mbps 10 Mbps [115th of 167]
    International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per $ GDP) 1.363 Mbps per $1 trillion of [151st of 184]
    International Internet bandwidth > Mbps (per capita) 0.149 Mbps per 1 billion peop [170th of 188]
Internet Service Providers 1 [182nd of 229]
    Internet Service Providers (per capita) 0 per 1,000 people [214th of 215]
ISP 1 [21st of 162]
    ISP (per capita) 14.877 per billion people [26th of 127]
Linux web servers 1 [98th of 107]
    Linux web servers (per capita) 0 per 1,000 people [105th of 106]
Livejournal users 163 [89th of 226]
Price basket for Internet > US$ per month 23.32 $/month [84th of 180]
Secure Internet servers 1 [180th of 183]
    Secure Internet servers (per capita) 0.014 per 1 million people [185th of 189]
TLD .et  
Users 291,000 [105th of 190]
    Users (per capita) 3.803 per 1,000 people [149th of 184]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Netcraft Linux server survey; LiveJournal

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya


4) Tourism

Right Now

Ethiopia is a nation that should be proud of its age. Previously known as Abyssinia, Ethiopia has cultural traditions going back as far as 3,000 years, and humankind there goes back much, much longer: Lucy, the world’s earliest hominid, was found in Ethiopia and dates back 3.5 million years. As the second-most populous nation in Africa after Nigeria, Ethiopia is approximately double the size of Texas. Best known for its Olympic-caliber athletes and phenomenal cuisine, Ethiopia is one of the fastest-growing African nations, independent of oil energy, and in 2007, the country had the 11th-fastest-growing economy worldwide. Bordered by Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, and Djibouti, Ethiopia has people, culture, and cuisine that combine for an unforgettable travel experience. Indeed, the country has no fewer than eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites within its borders.

The Top 10: What to Do in Ethiopia
1. Ethiopian Cuisine: Like Morocco, Ethiopia has exported its cuisine to the rest of the world with great success, and for good reason: it is outstanding. Injera, the staple bread, is a flat, spongy pancake made of teff, a grain grown on the highlands of Ethiopia. It is traditionally eaten with stews or with kitfo, a dish akin to a Western steak tartare, made with raw beef and mouthwatering spices. Injera is also used as a kind of plate; a spread of stews, spiced vegetables and meat, and condiments all may be served on a single large circle of injera. Eat it all up: that bread is soaked with spices, and eating it is an amazing way to finish dinner. Don’t be surprised if your host pulls off a bite and puts it into your mouth; that is a local sign of kindness and generosity.
2. Fasil Ghebbi: Located in Gondar, this site is nicknamed Africa’s Camelot. Home to a 17th-century castle, the city was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors. The city is surrounded by a 2953 feet (900-meter) wall and contains palaces, churches, and monasteries that feature Hindu and Arab influences. In this city you will have to remind yourself you are in Africa and not on an island in North Wales.
3. Lalibela: One of the most impressive sites in Ethiopia is the city of Lalibela, home to 11 huge rock-hewn churches, all carved out of mountainsides. Mind- boggling feats of masonry, the churches are connected through a maze of tunnels and underground passageways.
4. Semien Mountains: These natural beauties are breathtaking, owing to thousands of years of erosion on the highland plateau. The jagged peaks rise and plunge dramatically, providing an astonishing backdrop for the nearby national park’s collection of native birds, plants, and mammals. This area is home to the giant horned Walia ibex, a goat native to the area and found nowhere else on Earth.
5. Ethiopian Archaeology: Ethiopia has several sites for the curious observer, including the ancient city of Aksum, close to Ethiopia’s northern border. The birthplace of Ethiopian civilization, the kingdom of Aksum was the most powerful state between Persia and the Eastern Roman Empire. Dating from between the first century A.D. and the 13th, this site has royal tombs, monolithic stelae, giant obelisks, and ruins of ancient castles. Even after the kingdom’s political demise, in the tenth century, the site was still used as the location for the crowning of Ethiopian emperors.
6. Tiya: The prehistoric town of Tiya, in southern Ethiopia, is another great stop for archaeology buffs. While not as visually stunning as those at Aksum, the 46 original stelae of Tiya date from between the tenth century and the 15th, they bear enigmatic carvings dissimilar to those of other regions. The town’s exact age is still unknown.
7. Blue Nile Falls: Just outside of the city of Bahir Dar are the picturesque Blue Nile Falls (or Tis Abay, in Amharic). Smaller than Niagara Falls but dazzling nonetheless, the falls are at the southern end of Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia. Islands on the lake are home to some of the world’s oldest churches and monasteries and are easily accessible by boat charter (as is Orthodox custom, women are not allowed in some of monasteries on the islands). Ask your guide to show you the best places for hippo spotting.
8. Lower Omo Valley: One of the last untouched wilderness areas on the African continent, this valley is secluded by the 14764 feet (4,500-meter) mountain range to the north, the impassable swamplands of the Nile to the west, and the desert of Kenya to the south. The valley features a diverse group of ethnic tribes within a very short distance. It is believed to have been an ancient crossroads where early humans passed during migrations to surrounding areas. Visit a Dorze village to see beehive-shaped huts, purchase local woven fabrics, and watch as craftsmen and women weave, throw clay for pottery, and forge.
9. Addis Ababa: The capital city, Addis Ababa is the fourth-largest city in Africa and home to a variety of cultural institutions, including the National Museum, Jubilee Palace, Meskal Square, St. George’s Cathedral, and the Ethnology Museum. Merkato and Piassa are famous markets: Piassa is great for silver and clothing. Merkato is the largest market in Africa, but bring along a guide! Set aside a day or two to stroll around the city, appreciating the culture, the sights, and the friendly people.
10. Danakil Depression: Located near the southern end of the Red Sea and home to nearly 3 million Afar people, this tectonic plate junction reaches almost 394 feet (120 meters) below sea level. Landscapes reminiscent of the moon’s are a highlight of this trip, and make sure to visit the Erta-Ale shield volcano, created by almost 90 years of continuous lava flow. It can get very hot here, so dress accordingly. As well, it can be difficult to get to this site—make sure that you travel with a guide.

When to Go
Ethiopia is a sun-filled country. Although the highlands, including the tourist-friendly historic circuit, receive rain from March to September, most days still enjoy a considerable amount of sunshine. A great time to go is right after October: at that time, just after the rainy season, Ethiopia is lush, green, dotted with wildflowers, and less traveled than in other parts of the dry season. If you plan on visiting the tribes of the Lower Omo Valley, try not to go in April, May, or October, when rain makes roads in this area nearly impassable.

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