Economy (2)        0  418 reads

Currency
 

New Page 1
Currency birr  
DEC alternative conversion factor > LCU per US$ 8.65  
ISO code ETB 230  
Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average 8.67  
PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 0.15 [155th of 169]
Regime float  
Subdivision 100 [29th of 192]
Symbol
Br
Terms of trade since 1995 81.13 [101st of 117]


SOURCES
Pacific Exchange Rate Services; World Development Indicators database; The World Bank Group

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Energy
 

New Page 1
Aviation Gasoline > Bunkers 1,000 ton [26th of 42]
Aviation Gasoline > Bunkers (per capita) 0.014 ton per 1,000 people [39th of 40]
Aviation Gasoline > Consumption by transportation industry 9,000 ton [18th of 75]
Aviation Gasoline > Consumption by transportation industry (per capita) 126.305 ton per million people [57th of 73]
Aviation Gasoline > Consumption in air transport 9,000 ton [18th of 75]
Aviation Gasoline > Consumption in air transport (per capita) 126.305 ton per million people [57th of 73]
Aviation Gasoline > Energy balance requirement 9,000 ton [9th of 96]
Aviation Gasoline > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 126.305 ton per million people [42nd of 91]
Aviation Gasoline > Gross inland availability 9,000 ton [18th of 106]
Aviation Gasoline > Gross inland availability (per capita) 126.305 ton per million people [59th of 101]
Aviation Gasoline > Imports 9,000 ton [18th of 95]
Aviation Gasoline > Imports (per capita) 126.305 ton per million people [66th of 89]
Aviation Gasoline > Net inland availability 9,000 ton [18th of 75]
Aviation Gasoline > Net inland availability (per capita) 126.305 ton per million people [57th of 73]
Aviation Gasoline > Statistical differences (per capita) 44,631,008,672.698 ton per 1e+15 people [8th of 55]
Bagasse > Consumption by industry & construction 765,000 ton [28th of 80]
Bagasse > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita) 12.185 ton per 1,000 people [54th of 76]
Bagasse > Consumption by other industries and construction 765,000 ton [28th of 80]
Bagasse > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita) 12.185 ton per 1,000 people [54th of 76]
Bagasse > Energy balance requirement 345,000 ton [50th of 83]
Bagasse > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 4.842 ton per 1,000 people [71st of 79]
Bagasse > Gross inland availability 345,000 ton [50th of 83]
Bagasse > Gross inland availability (per capita) 4.842 ton per 1,000 people [71st of 79]
Bagasse > Net inland availability 345,000 ton [42nd of 80]
Bagasse > Net inland availability (per capita) 4.842 ton per 1,000 people [65th of 76]
Bagasse > Production 345,000 ton [50th of 83]
Bagasse > Production (per capita) 4.842 ton per 1,000 people [71st of 79]
Bagasse > Statistical differences (per capita) 94,421,573,441.1 ton per 1e+15 people [3rd of 18]
Bitumen Asphalt > Consumption for non-energy uses 10,000 ton [84th of 114]
Bitumen Asphalt > Consumption for non-energy uses (per capita) 0.159 ton per 1,000 people [105th of 109]
Bitumen Asphalt > Energy balance requirement 8,000 ton [39th of 103]
Bitumen Asphalt > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 127.425 ton per million people [61st of 97]
Bitumen Asphalt > Gross inland availability 10,000 ton [86th of 126]
Bitumen Asphalt > Gross inland availability (per capita) 0.159 ton per 1,000 people [112nd of 119]
Bitumen Asphalt > Imports 8,000 ton [47th of 83]
Bitumen Asphalt > Imports (per capita) 127.425 ton per million people [69th of 83]
Bitumen Asphalt > Production from refineries 2,000 ton [76th of 79]
Bitumen Asphalt > Production from refineries (per capita) 0.032 ton per 1,000 people [75th of 78]
Bitumen Asphalt > Statistical differences (per capita) 88,448,611,356.802 ton per 1e+15 people [44th of 61]
Bitumen Asphalt > Total production 2,000 ton [76th of 80]
Bitumen Asphalt > Total production (per capita) 0.032 ton per 1,000 people [75th of 78]
Charcoal > Production from charcoal plants 3,221,000 ton [3rd of 120]
Charcoal > Production from charcoal plants (per capita) 45,203.211 ton per million people [14th of 119]
Combustible renewables and waste > % of total energy 90.43 % [3rd of 124]
Combustible renewables and waste > metric tones of oil equivalent 19,152 t of oil equivalent [9th of 124]
Combustible renewables and waste > metric tones of oil equivalent (per capita) 273.753 t of oil equivalent per [29th of 125]
Commercial energy use 291.33 [117th of 119]
Crude Petroleum > Statistical differences (per capita) 57,174,842,383.253 ton per 1e+15 people [27th of 77]
Electric power consumption > kWh 2,286,000,000 kWh [120th of 132]
Electric power consumption > kWh (per capita) 32.675 kWh per capita [130th of 132]
Electric power transmission and distribution losses > % of output 10 % [80th of 131]
Electric power transmission and distribution losses > million kWh 254,000,000 million kWh [124th of 132]
Electric power transmission and distribution losses > million kWh (per capita) 3.631 million kWh per capita [131st of 132]
Electricity > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 42.45 % [2nd of 39]
Electricity > Consumption 2,941,000,000 kWh [107th of 210]
Electricity > Consumption (per capita) 40.448 kWh per capita [176th of 201]
Electricity > Consumption by households 769,000,000 kWh [115th of 189]
Electricity > Consumption by households (per capita) 10.792 kWh per capita [180th of 188]
Electricity > Consumption by households and other consumers 1,389,000,000 kWh [122nd of 202]
Electricity > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 19.493 kWh per capita [191st of 201]
Electricity > Consumption by industry & construction 945,000,000 kWh [111st of 166]
Electricity > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita) 13.262 kWh per capita [154th of 165]
Electricity > Consumption by other consumers 620,000,000 kWh [109th of 174]
Electricity > Consumption by other consumers (per capita) 8.701 kWh per capita [159th of 173]
Electricity > Consumption by other industries and construction 945,000,000 kWh [108th of 165]
Electricity > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita) 13.262 kWh per capita [153rd of 164]
Electricity > Consumption by public lighting 14,000,000 kWh [23rd of 76]
Electricity > Consumption by public lighting (per capita) 0.2 kWh per capita [37th of 72]
Electricity > Conversion, transport & distribution losses 287,000,000 kWh [119th of 179]
Electricity > Conversion, transport & distribution losses (per capita) 4.028 kWh per capita [169th of 178]
Electricity > Energy balance requirement 2,853,000,000 kWh [87th of 155]
Electricity > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 40.039 kWh per capita [125th of 154]
Electricity > Geothermal > Production 1,000,000 kWh [18th of 19]
Electricity > Geothermal > Production (per capita) 0.014 kWh per capita [18th of 19]
Electricity > Geothermal > Production > Public 1,000,000 kWh [18th of 19]
Electricity > Geothermal > Production > Public (per capita) 0.014 kWh per capita [18th of 19]
Electricity > Gross inland availability 2,621,000,000 kWh [122nd of 211]
Electricity > Gross inland availability (per capita) 36.783 kWh per capita [199th of 210]
Electricity > Gross production, public & self-producer 2,872,000,000 kWh [121st of 211]
Electricity > Gross production, public & self-producer (per capita) 40.305 kWh per capita [196th of 210]
Electricity > Hydro > Production 2,852,000,000 kWh [75th of 147]
Electricity > Hydro > Production (per capita) 40.025 kWh per capita [114th of 146]
Electricity > Hydro > Production > Public 2,852,000,000 kWh [74th of 145]
Electricity > Hydro > Production > Public (per capita) 40.025 kWh per capita [112nd of 144]
Electricity > Net inland availability 2,334,000,000 kWh [120th of 202]
Electricity > Net inland availability (per capita) 32.755 kWh per capita [188th of 201]
Electricity > Net production 2,621,000,000 kWh [121st of 211]
Electricity > Net production (per capita) 36.783 kWh per capita [197th of 210]
Electricity > Power plant capacity > Geothermal 11,000 kW [17th of 21]
Electricity > Power plant capacity > Geothermal (per capita) 154.373 kW per million people [18th of 21]
Electricity > Power plant capacity > Public geothermal 1,000 kW [18th of 20]
Electricity > Power plant capacity > Public geothermal (per capita) 14.034 kW per million people [18th of 20]
Electricity > Production 3,268,000,000 kWh [71st of 210]
Electricity > Production (per capita) 44.945 kWh per capita [127th of 198]
Electricity > Production by source > Fossil fuel 1.3% [205th of 223]
Electricity > Production by source > Hydro 97.6% [13th of 223]
Electricity > Production by source > Nuclear 0% [42nd of 223]
Electricity > Production by source > Other 1.2% [37th of 210]
Electricity > Station use & station loss 251,000,000 kWh [90th of 179]
Electricity > Station use & station loss (per capita) 3.523 kWh per capita [152nd of 178]
Electricity > Thermal > Production 19,000,000 kWh [195th of 209]
Electricity > Thermal > Production (per capita) 0.267 kWh per capita [203rd of 208]
Electricity > Thermal > Production > Public 19,000,000 kWh [193rd of 207]
Electricity > Thermal > Production > Public (per capita) 0.267 kWh per capita [201st of 205]
Electricity > Thermal > Production > Self-producer 47,000,000 kWh [103rd of 143]
Electricity > Thermal > Production > Self-producer (per capita) 0.882 kWh per capita [124th of 136]
Electricity > Total production, public 2,872,000,000 kWh [120th of 211]
Electricity > Total production, public (per capita) 40.305 kWh per capita [195th of 210]
Electricity > Total production, self-producer 7,000,000 kWh [125th of 145]
Electricity > Total production, self-producer (per capita) 0.1 kWh per capita [137th of 138]
electricity consumption > Date of > Information 2003
Electricity production > kWh 2,540,000,000 kWh [118th of 133]
Electricity production > kWh (per capita) 36.306 kWh per capita [130th of 133]
Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > % of total 99.25 % [7th of 117]
Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > kwh 2,521,000,000 kWh [70th of 117]
Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > kwh (per capita) 36.034 kWh per capita [95th of 117]
Electricity production from oil sources > % of total 0.71 % [102nd of 124]
Electricity production from oil sources > kwh 18,000,000 kWh [115th of 124]
Electricity production from oil sources > kwh (per capita) 0.257 kWh per capita [120th of 129]
Fuel exports > % of merchandise exports 0.01 % [136th of 143]
Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports 11.97 % [62nd of 154]
Fuelwood > Consumption by households 85,785,000 m³ [4th of 116]
Fuelwood > Consumption by households and other consumers 94,481,000 m³ [5th of 143]
Fuelwood > Consumption by other consumers 94,481,000 m³ [2nd of 47]
Fuelwood > Net inland availability 94,481,000 m³ [5th of 145]
Gas-diesel oils > Bunkers 9,000 ton [63rd of 89]
Gas-diesel oils > Bunkers (per capita) 0.151 ton per 1,000 people [72nd of 89]
Gas-diesel oils > Changes in stocks -224,000 ton [83rd of 88]
Gas-diesel oils > Changes in stocks (per capita) -3.143 ton per 1,000 people [70th of 87]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by households and other consumers 230,000 ton [55th of 138]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 3.849 ton per 1,000 people [94th of 138]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by industry & construction 251,000 ton [51st of 124]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita) 3.523 ton per 1,000 people [108th of 123]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by other consumers 230,000 ton [23rd of 114]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by other consumers (per capita) 3.849 ton per 1,000 people [56th of 114]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by other industries and construction 251,000 ton [48th of 124]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita) 3.523 ton per 1,000 people [106th of 123]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by transportation industry 753,000 ton [72nd of 169]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption by transportation industry (per capita) 10.568 ton per 1,000 people [147th of 168]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption in road transport 753,000 ton [69th of 161]
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption in road transport (per capita) 10.568 ton per 1,000 people [138th of 160]
Gas-diesel oils > Conversion in thermal power plants 6,000 ton [127th of 161]
Gas-diesel oils > Conversion in thermal power plants (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [152nd of 158]
Gas-diesel oils > Conversion to other forms of energy 6,000 ton [135th of 166]
Gas-diesel oils > Conversion to other forms of energy (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [157th of 165]
Gas-diesel oils > Energy balance requirement 1,035,000 ton [26th of 205]
Gas-diesel oils > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 14.525 ton per 1,000 people [129th of 204]
Gas-diesel oils > Exports 65,000 ton [64th of 98]
Gas-diesel oils > Exports (per capita) 1.088 ton per 1,000 people [79th of 96]
Gas-diesel oils > Gross inland availability 1,035,000 ton [80th of 205]
Gas-diesel oils > Gross inland availability (per capita) 14.525 ton per 1,000 people [184th of 204]
Gas-diesel oils > Imports 811,000 ton [50th of 192]
Gas-diesel oils > Imports (per capita) 11.381 ton per 1,000 people [161st of 191]
Gas-diesel oils > Net inland availability 1,004,000 ton [76th of 190]
Gas-diesel oils > Net inland availability (per capita) 14.09 ton per 1,000 people [162nd of 189]
Gas-diesel oils > Production from refineries 343,000 ton [87th of 117]
Gas-diesel oils > Production from refineries (per capita) 5.741 ton per 1,000 people [107th of 113]
Gas-diesel oils > Statistical differences (per capita) 350,847,647,917.368 ton per 1e+15 people [36th of 155]
Gas-diesel oils > Total production 343,000 ton [87th of 117]
Gas-diesel oils > Total production (per capita) 5.741 ton per 1,000 people [107th of 113]
Gasoline prices 0.75 [103rd of 141]
Hydroelectricity consumption 2.03 [78th of 213]
Hydroelectricity consumption (per capita) 0.278 per 10 million people [121st of 207]
imports > kt of oil equivalent 1,809 kt of oil equivalent [62nd of 130]
imports > kt of oil equivalent (per capita) 0.026 kt of oil equivalent pe [83rd of 130]
imports, net > % of energy use 8.54 % [77th of 130]
Investment in energy with private participation > current US$ 300,000,000 $ [19th of 44]
Investment in energy with private participation > current US$ (per $ GDP) 37.775 $ per $1,000 of GDP [6th of 91]
Investment in energy with private participation > current US$ (per capita) 4.372 $ per capita [33rd of 93]
Jet Fuel > Bunkers 146,000 ton [65th of 149]
Jet Fuel > Bunkers (per capita) 2.049 ton per 1,000 people [125th of 145]
Jet Fuel > Changes in stocks 1,000 ton [33rd of 71]
Jet Fuel > Changes in stocks (per capita) 0.018 ton per 1,000 people [33rd of 69]
Jet Fuel > Consumption by transportation industry 26,000 ton [60th of 86]
Jet Fuel > Consumption by transportation industry (per capita) 0.435 ton per 1,000 people [78th of 84]
Jet Fuel > Consumption in air transport 26,000 ton [60th of 86]
Jet Fuel > Consumption in air transport (per capita) 0.435 ton per 1,000 people [78th of 84]
Jet Fuel > Energy balance requirement 21,000 ton [29th of 151]
Jet Fuel > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 351,464,435,146.444 ton per 1e+15 people [60th of 141]
Jet Fuel > Gross inland availability 26,000 ton [73rd of 143]
Jet Fuel > Gross inland availability (per capita) 435,146,443,514.644 ton per 1e+15 people [112nd of 135]
Jet Fuel > Imports 146,000 ton [41st of 145]
Jet Fuel > Imports (per capita) 2,048.95 ton per million people [108th of 140]
Jet Fuel > Net inland availability 26,000 ton [60th of 86]
Jet Fuel > Net inland availability (per capita) 0.435 ton per 1,000 people [78th of 84]
Jet Fuel > Production from refineries 5,000 ton [96th of 100]
Jet Fuel > Production from refineries (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [96th of 98]
Jet Fuel > Statistical differences (per capita) 17,689,722,271.36 ton per 1e+15 people [82nd of 106]
Jet Fuel > Total production 5,000 ton [96th of 100]
Jet Fuel > Total production (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [96th of 98]
Kerosene > Changes in stocks -7,000 ton [32nd of 55]
Kerosene > Changes in stocks (per capita) -98.236 ton per million people [24th of 54]
Kerosene > Consumption by households 230,000 ton [21st of 146]
Kerosene > Consumption by households (per capita) 3.228 ton per 1,000 people [82nd of 145]
Kerosene > Consumption by households and other consumers 230,000 ton [25th of 165]
Kerosene > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 3.228 ton per 1,000 people [96th of 163]
Kerosene > Energy balance requirement 230,000 ton [12th of 157]
Kerosene > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 3,227.798 ton per million people [69th of 148]
Kerosene > Gross inland availability 230,000 ton [28th of 176]
Kerosene > Gross inland availability (per capita) 3.228 ton per 1,000 people [114th of 171]
Kerosene > Imports 223,000 ton [17th of 130]
Kerosene > Imports (per capita) 3.13 ton per 1,000 people [78th of 123]
Kerosene > Net inland availability 230,000 ton [26th of 170]
Kerosene > Net inland availability (per capita) 3.228 ton per 1,000 people [103rd of 167]
Kerosene > Production from refineries 8,000 ton [92nd of 106]
Kerosene > Production from refineries (per capita) 0.134 ton per 1,000 people [97th of 102]
Kerosene > Statistical differences (per capita) 171,720,987,739.121 ton per 1e+15 people [73rd of 109]
Kerosene > Total production 8,000 ton [92nd of 106]
Kerosene > Total production (per capita) 0.134 ton per 1,000 people [97th of 102]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Changes in stocks -1,000 ton [39th of 69]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Changes in stocks (per capita) -14.573 ton per million people [35th of 68]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption by households 2,000 ton [138th of 148]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption by households (per capita) 28.068 ton per million people [147th of 148]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption by households and other consumers 2,000 ton [147th of 159]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 28.068 ton per million people [157th of 159]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption for non-energy uses 2,000 ton [23rd of 27]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Consumption for non-energy uses (per capita) 0.028 ton per 1,000 people [27th of 27]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Energy balance requirement 1,000 ton [109th of 161]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 14.034 ton per million people [113rd of 160]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Gross inland availability 4,000 ton [147th of 166]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Gross inland availability (per capita) 56.136 ton per million people [163rd of 165]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Imports 1,000 ton [133rd of 141]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Imports (per capita) 14.034 ton per million people [137th of 140]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Net inland availability 2,000 ton [151st of 161]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Net inland availability (per capita) 28.068 ton per million people [158th of 160]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Production from refineries 3,000 ton [94th of 105]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Production from refineries (per capita) 0.042 ton per 1,000 people [95th of 102]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Statistical differences (per capita) 14,574,397,709.371 ton per 1e+15 people [34th of 117]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Total production 3,000 ton [98th of 107]
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Total production (per capita) 0.042 ton per 1,000 people [100th of 103]
Lubricants > Consumption for non-energy uses 25,000 ton [64th of 128]
Lubricants > Consumption for non-energy uses (per capita) 0.351 ton per 1,000 people [119th of 126]
Lubricants > Energy balance requirement 25,000 ton [27th of 124]
Lubricants > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 350.848 ton per million people [86th of 118]
Lubricants > Gross inland availability 25,000 ton [65th of 143]
Lubricants > Gross inland availability (per capita) 0.351 ton per 1,000 people [127th of 134]
Lubricants > Imports 25,000 ton [43rd of 121]
Lubricants > Imports (per capita) 0.351 ton per 1,000 people [103rd of 114]
Lubricants > Statistical differences (per capita) 145,746,037,529.605 ton per 1e+15 people [58th of 74]
Motor Gasoline > Changes in stocks -11,000 ton [63rd of 91]
Motor Gasoline > Changes in stocks (per capita) -154.372 ton per million people [51st of 90]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption by households and other consumers 2,000 ton [49th of 62]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 0.033 ton per 1,000 people [47th of 62]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption by other consumers 5,000 ton [22nd of 40]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption by other consumers (per capita) 0.094 ton per 1,000 people [26th of 40]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption by transportation industry 148,000 ton [124th of 197]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption by transportation industry (per capita) 2.077 ton per 1,000 people [191st of 196]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption in agriculture 2,000 ton [31st of 38]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption in agriculture (per capita) 0.033 ton per 1,000 people [35th of 38]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption in road transport 148,000 ton [124th of 194]
Motor Gasoline > Consumption in road transport (per capita) 2.077 ton per 1,000 people [188th of 193]
Motor Gasoline > Gross inland availability 148,000 ton [125th of 202]
Motor Gasoline > Gross inland availability (per capita) 2.077 ton per 1,000 people [195th of 201]
Motor Gasoline > Imports 137,000 ton [84th of 183]
Motor Gasoline > Imports (per capita) 1,922.645 ton per million people [166th of 183]
Motor Gasoline > Motor gasoline- energy balance requirement 148,000 ton [56th of 201]
Motor Gasoline > Motor gasoline- energy balance requirement (per capita) 2,077.018 ton per million people [132nd of 200]
Motor Gasoline > Net inland availability 148,000 ton [126th of 198]
Motor Gasoline > Net inland availability (per capita) 2.077 ton per 1,000 people [192nd of 197]
Motor Gasoline > Production from refineries 5,000 ton [113rd of 115]
Motor Gasoline > Production from refineries (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [111st of 111]
Motor Gasoline > Statistical differences (per capita) 17,172,098,773.912 ton per 1e+15 people [90th of 131]
Motor Gasoline > Total production 5,000 ton [113rd of 115]
Motor Gasoline > Total production (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [111st of 111]
Natural Gas (including LNG) > Total resources 975,525 Terajoules [72nd of 97]
Natural Gas (including LNG) > Total resources (per capita) 13.69 Terajoules / 1,000 ppl [86th of 96]
Natural gas > Consumption 0 cu m [82nd of 206]
Natural gas > Consumption (per capita) 0 cu m per capita [81st of 206]
Natural gas > Exports 0 cu m [46th of 202]
Natural gas > Imports 0 cu m [63rd of 200]
Natural gas > Proved reserves 24,920,000,000 cu m [72nd of 203]
natural gas consumption > Date of > Information 2003 est.
Natural gas reserves 12,460,000,000 cubic feet [59th of 72]
Natural gas reserves (per capita) 170.561 cubic feet per person [65th of 71]
Oil > Consumption 30,450 bbl/day [74th of 212]
Oil > Consumption (per capita) 0.419 bbl/day per 1,000 people [163rd of 190]
Oil > Exports 0 bbl/day [127th of 184]
Oil > Imports 29,820 bbl/day [83rd of 186]
Oil > Production 7.334 bbl/day [110th of 212]
Oil > Production (per capita) 0.096 bbl/day per million peopl [111st of 198]
Oil > Proved reserves 428,000 bbl [97th of 206]
Oil Consumption Test (per $ GDP) 6,267.605 Btu per $1 of GDP [76th of 171]
Oil Consumption Test (per capita) 871,916.346 Btu per capita [159th of 177]
Oil Consumption Test Test (per $ GDP) 6,267.605 Btu per $1 of GDP [76th of 171]
Oil Consumption Test Test (per capita) 871,916.346 Btu per capita [159th of 177]
Oil reserves 214,000 barrels [89th of 97]
Oil reserves (per capita) 2.862 barrels per 1,000 people [89th of 97]
Other biomass and wastes > Consumption by households and other consumers 74,748 Terajoules [6th of 31]
Other biomass and wastes > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 1.049 Terajoules / 1,000 ppl [10th of 30]
Other biomass and wastes > Consumption by other consumers 74,748 Terajoules [1st of 10]
Other biomass and wastes > Consumption by other consumers (per capita) 1,049.006 Terajoules / million ppl [1st of 9]
Other biomass and wastes > Conversion in other energy-producing plants 32,857 Terajoules [2nd of 17]
Other biomass and wastes > Conversion in other energy-producing plants (per capita) 511.011 Terajoules / million ppl [4th of 17]
Other biomass and wastes > Conversion to other forms of energy 32,857 Terajoules [3rd of 18]
Other biomass and wastes > Conversion to other forms of energy (per capita) 511.011 Terajoules / million ppl [5th of 18]
Other biomass and wastes > Energy balance requirement 74,748 Terajoules [11th of 40]
Other biomass and wastes > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 1,049.006 Terajoules / million ppl [21st of 40]
Other biomass and wastes > Gross inland availability 74,748 Terajoules [11th of 40]
Other biomass and wastes > Gross inland availability (per capita) 1,049.006 Terajoules / million ppl [21st of 40]
Other biomass and wastes > Net inland availability 74,748 Terajoules [6th of 32]
Other biomass and wastes > Net inland availability (per capita) 1.049 Terajoules / 1,000 ppl [13th of 31]
Other biomass and wastes > Production 74,748 Terajoules [11th of 38]
Other biomass and wastes > Production (per capita) 1,049.006 Terajoules / million ppl [20th of 38]
Other Petroleum Products > Consumption by industry & construction 12,000 ton [10th of 30]
Other Petroleum Products > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita) 0.225 ton per 1,000 people [16th of 30]
Other Petroleum Products > Consumption by other industries and construction 12,000 ton [9th of 29]
Other Petroleum Products > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita) 0.225 ton per 1,000 people [15th of 29]
Other Petroleum Products > Consumption for non-energy uses 13,000 ton [66th of 85]
Other Petroleum Products > Consumption for non-energy uses (per capita) 0.182 ton per 1,000 people [80th of 85]
Other Petroleum Products > Energy balance requirement 13,000 ton [28th of 86]
Other Petroleum Products > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 0.182 ton per 1,000 people [44th of 85]
Other Petroleum Products > Gross inland availability 13,000 ton [81st of 106]
Other Petroleum Products > Gross inland availability (per capita) 0.182 ton per 1,000 people [99th of 105]
Other Petroleum Products > Imports 13,000 ton [42nd of 70]
Other Petroleum Products > Imports (per capita) 0.182 ton per 1,000 people [58th of 69]
Other Petroleum Products > Net inland availability 12,000 ton [12th of 37]
Other Petroleum Products > Net inland availability (per capita) 0.225 ton per 1,000 people [19th of 36]
Other Petroleum Products > Statistical differences (per capita) 236,837,310,985.608 ton per 1e+15 people [38th of 62]
production > kt of oil equivalent 19,370 kt of oil equivalent [57th of 130]
production > kt of oil equivalent (per capita) 0.277 kt of oil equivalent pe [106th of 130]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Energy balance requirement 7,498,000 ton [5th of 17]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 105.226 ton per 1,000 people [6th of 17]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Gross inland availability 7,498,000 ton [5th of 17]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Gross inland availability (per capita) 105.226 ton per 1,000 people [6th of 17]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Production 7,498,000 ton [5th of 17]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Production (per capita) 105.226 ton per 1,000 people [6th of 17]
Pulp and Paper Waste > Statistical differences (per capita) 14,033,905,916.695 ton per 1e+15 people [10th of 14]
Residual Fuel Oil > Bunkers 5,000 ton [74th of 83]
Residual Fuel Oil > Bunkers (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [77th of 82]
Residual Fuel Oil > Changes in stocks 37,000 ton [20th of 86]
Residual Fuel Oil > Changes in stocks (per capita) 0.519 ton per 1,000 people [32nd of 85]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by energy sector 23,000 ton [57th of 75]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by energy sector (per capita) 0.385 ton per 1,000 people [67th of 74]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by households and other consumers 159,000 ton [29th of 98]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 2.661 ton per 1,000 people [51st of 96]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by industry & construction 121,000 ton [68th of 134]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita) 1.698 ton per 1,000 people [110th of 131]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by other consumers 159,000 ton [20th of 85]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by other consumers (per capita) 2.661 ton per 1,000 people [36th of 84]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by other industries and construction 121,000 ton [65th of 134]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita) 1.698 ton per 1,000 people [109th of 131]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by petroleum refineries 23,000 ton [48th of 68]
Residual Fuel Oil > Consumption by petroleum refineries (per capita) 0.385 ton per 1,000 people [58th of 66]
Residual Fuel Oil > Conversion in thermal power plants 5,000 ton [110th of 131]
Residual Fuel Oil > Conversion in thermal power plants (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [115th of 129]
Residual Fuel Oil > Conversion to other forms of energy 5,000 ton [111st of 133]
Residual Fuel Oil > Conversion to other forms of energy (per capita) 0.084 ton per 1,000 people [117th of 131]
Residual Fuel Oil > Imports 158,000 ton [69th of 150]
Residual Fuel Oil > Imports (per capita) 2.217 ton per 1,000 people [120th of 144]
Residual Fuel Oil > Net inland availability 121,000 ton [77th of 155]
Residual Fuel Oil > Net inland availability (per capita) 1.698 ton per 1,000 people [133rd of 153]
Traditional fuel consumption 95.9% [3rd of 130]
use > kt of oil equivalent 21,179 kt of oil equivalent [55th of 132]
use > kt of oil equivalent (per capita) 0.303 kt of oil equivalent pe [124th of 132]
Vegetal Waste > Consumption by households and other consumers 5,849,120 ton [6th of 20]
Vegetal Waste > Consumption by households and other consumers (per capita) 82.086 ton per 1,000 people [7th of 20]
Vegetal Waste > Consumption by other consumers 5,849,120 ton [2nd of 7]
Vegetal Waste > Consumption by other consumers (per capita) 82.086 ton per 1,000 people [2nd of 7]
Vegetal Waste > Energy balance requirement 5,849,120 ton [13th of 63]
Vegetal Waste > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 82.086 ton per 1,000 people [31st of 63]
Vegetal Waste > Gross inland availability 5,849,120 ton [13th of 63]
Vegetal Waste > Gross inland availability (per capita) 82.086 ton per 1,000 people [31st of 63]
Vegetal Waste > Net inland availability 5,849,120 ton [8th of 47]
Vegetal Waste > Net inland availability (per capita) 82.086 ton per 1,000 people [18th of 47]
Vegetal Waste > Production 5,849,120 ton [13th of 63]
Vegetal Waste > Production (per capita) 82.086 ton per 1,000 people [31st of 63]
Wall plugs > Frequency 50 HZ [45th of 151]
Wall plugs > Plug type
"
Europe, Italy"
Wall plugs > Voltage 220 V [144th of 209]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Consumption by industry & construction 1,000 ton [5th of 9]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Consumption by industry & construction (per capita) 0.014 ton per 1,000 people [5th of 8]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Consumption by other industries and construction 1,000 ton [5th of 8]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Consumption by other industries and construction (per capita) 0.014 ton per 1,000 people [5th of 7]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Energy balance requirement 1,000 ton [35th of 51]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Energy balance requirement (per capita) 14.034 ton per million people [36th of 48]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Gross inland availability 1,000 ton [60th of 62]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Gross inland availability (per capita) 0.014 ton per 1,000 people [60th of 61]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Imports 1,000 ton [42nd of 44]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Imports (per capita) 14.034 ton per million people [43rd of 43]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Net inland availability 1,000 ton [5th of 9]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Net inland availability (per capita) 0.014 ton per 1,000 people [5th of 8]
White spirit/industrial spirit > Statistical differences (per capita) 18,218,254,691.201 ton per 1e+15 people [26th of 36]


SOURCES
Source: Energy Statistics Database | United Nations Statistics Division; World Development Indicators database; ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of countries by electricity consumption ; German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Fuel Prices and Taxation (1999) and the electronic update for2000. Available from World Bank, World Development Indicators 2002, WDI table 3.12. via ciesin.org; Energy Information Administration; Wikipedia: List of countries by natural gas consumption ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; World bank; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Industry
 

0
Adjusted savings: mineral depletion > % of GNI 0.04 % of GNI [55th of 84]
Chemicals > % of value added in manufacturing 0.72 % [69th of 91]
Machinery and transport equipment > % of value added in manufacturing 0.01 % [75th of 91]
Manufactures exports > % of merchandise exports 11.38 % [122nd of 156]
Manufactures imports > % of merchandise imports 64.03 % [106th of 155]
Manufacturing, value added > annual % growth 5 % [58th of 156]
Manufacturing, value added > constant 2000 US$ 483,465,800 constant 2000 US$ [78th of 155]
Manufacturing, value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 6.785 constant 2000 US$ per c [108th of 155]
Manufacturing, value added > constant LCU 3939348000
Manufacturing, value added > current LCU 4517586000
Manufacturing, value added > current US$ 522,163,200 $ [85th of 167]
Manufacturing, value added > current US$ (per $ GDP) 46.729 $ per $1,000 of GDP [107th of 180]
Manufacturing, value added > current US$ (per capita) 7.328 $ per capita [117th of 180]
Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 0.71 % [103rd of 154]
Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 1.51 % [87th of 155]
Other manufacturing > % of value added in manufacturing 92.55 % [3rd of 107]
Patent applications, nonresidents 4 [76th of 96]
Patent applications, nonresidents (per capita) 0.062 per 1 million people [90th of 138]
Patent applications, residents 3 [81st of 97]
Patent applications, residents (per capita) 0.047 per 1 million people [94th of 123]
Textiles and clothing > % of value added in manufacturing 2.66 % [67th of 101]
value added > annual % growth 6.6 % [48th of 164]
value added > constant 2000 US$ 1,210,723,000 constant 2000 US$ [96th of 164]
value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 16.991 constant 2000 US$ per c [133rd of 164]
value added > constant LCU 9865139000
value added > current LCU 11722380000
value added > current US$ 1,354,925,000 $ [101st of 172]
value added > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.121 $ per $1 of GDP [134th of 180]
value added > current US$ (per capita) 19.015 $ per capita [136th of 180]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Agriculture
 

New Page 1
Agricultural growth 121 [44th of 149]
Agricultural land > % of land area 31.77 % of land area [119th of 198]
Agricultural land > sq. km 317,690 sq. km [34th of 198]
    Agricultural land > sq. km (per capita) 4,630.14 sq. km per 1,000 people [99th of 199]
Agricultural machinery > tractors 3,000 [115th of 190]
    Agricultural machinery > tractors (per capita) 0.044 per 1 million people [168th of 190]
Agricultural machinery > tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 2.71 [173rd of 188]
Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 25.87 % [4th of 154]
Agricultural raw materials imports > % of merchandise imports 0.73 % [121st of 155]
    Agriculture, value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 61.915 $ per capita [123rd of 164]
    Agriculture, value added > current US$ (per $ GDP) 435.747 $ per $1,000 of GDP [8th of 182]
    Agriculture, value added > current US$ (per capita) 68.333 $ per capita [127th of 182]
Arable and permanent cropland 10,728 thousand hectares [25th of 148]
    Arable and permanent cropland (per capita) 146.852 thousand hectares per 1 m [104th of 148]
Arable land > % of land area 11.06 % of land area [96th of 199]
Arable land > hectares 11,056,000 hectares [25th of 199]
    Arable land > hectares (per capita) 161.135 hectares per 1,000 peop [96th of 200]
Area > Sorghum 1,680,000 [7th of 20]
    Area > Sorghum (per capita) 0.23 per 10 people [5th of 20]
Cereal production 121 thousand metric tons [44th of 149]
    Cereal production (per capita) 0.00165633 thousand metric tons per [130th of 149]
Cereal production growth 56% [18th of 149]
Cereal yield > kg per hectare 1,243.6 kg/ha [133rd of 171]
Cotton exports 0 thousand bales [81st of 109]
Cotton imports 0 thousand bales [94th of 109]
Cotton production 70 [38th of 109]
    Cotton production (per capita) 0.096 per 100,000 people [52nd of 109]
Cotton stocks 62 thousand bales [45th of 109]
Cotton use 60 thousand bales [63rd of 109]
Crop production index 110.5 % [67th of 182]
Exports to USA > Beans $106.00 [25th of 65]
    Exports to USA > Beans (per capita) $0.00 per 1,000 people [31st of 65]
Exports to USA > Kidney and white beans $86.00 [11th of 37]
    Exports to USA > Kidney and white beans (per capita) $0.00 per 1,000 people [10th of 37]
Fertilizer consumption > 100 grams per hectare of arable land 151 100 g/ha of arable land [124th of 169]
Fertilizer consumption > metric tons 150,032 metric tons [66th of 169]
    Fertilizer consumption > metric tons (per capita) 2.232 metric tons per 1 milli [126th of 176]
Fertilizer use 14.7 kg [98th of 138]
Food production index 112.1 % [49th of 182]
Grains > Sorghum consumption 1,200 thousand metric tons [11th of 13]
    Grains > Sorghum consumption (per capita) 16.4264 thousand metric tons per [8th of 13]
Grains > Sorghum production 1,200 thousand metric tons [10th of 12]
    Grains > Sorghum production (per capita) 16.4264 thousand metric tons per [8th of 12]
Grains > Wheat imports 400 thousand metric tons [41st of 43]
    Grains > Wheat imports (per capita) 5.47548 thousand metric tons per [40th of 43]
International wheat production statistics > **2002 1.9 [29th of 32]
International wheat production statistics > *2001 2.3 [30th of 32]
International wheat production statistics > 1996 1.6 [30th of 31]
International wheat production statistics > 1997 2 [29th of 31]
International wheat production statistics > 1998 1.5 [31st of 31]
International wheat production statistics > 1999 2.1 [28th of 32]
International wheat production statistics > 2000 2.5 [27th of 32]
Irrigated land > % of cropland 2.46 % [122nd of 164]
Labor share 82% [10th of 149]
Land under cereal production > hectares 9,814,280 hectares [17th of 176]
    Land under cereal production > hectares (per capita) 137,732.682 hectares per 1,000 peop [40th of 177]
Livestock production index 115.8 % [33rd of 181]
Meat production 622 thousand metric tons [46th of 149]
    Meat production (per capita) 0.00851437 thousand metric tons per [119th of 149]
Meat production growth 153,747% [1st of 149]
Permanent cropland > % of land area 0.71 % of land area [123rd of 187]
Permanent crops 728,000 hectares [36th of 181]
    Permanent crops (per capita) 9.96537 hectares per 1,000 peopl [124th of 181]
Pesticide use 0.1 kg [40th of 45]
Production > Sorghum 1,700,000 [10th of 20]
    Production > Sorghum (per capita) 23.2708 per 1,000 people [8th of 20]
Products
cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Root and tuber production 2,058 thousand metric tons [40th of 149]
    Root and tuber production (per capita) 0.0281713 thousand metric tons per [105th of 149]
Root and tuber production growth 11% [66th of 149]
Tractor concentration 0.3 [133rd of 147]
Tractors 3,000 [108th of 147]
    Tractors (per capita) 41.0661 per 1 million people [129th of 147]
Value added 52.33 [4th of 158]
value added > annual % growth 11.99 % [4th of 164]
value added > constant 2000 US$ 4,411,816,000 constant 2000 US$ [40th of 164]
    value added > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 61.915 constant 2000 US$ per c [123rd of 164]
value added > constant LCU 35948100000  
value added > current LCU 42126410000  
value added > current US$ 4,869,162,000 $ [39th of 172]
    value added > current US$ (per $ GDP) 435.747 $ per $1,000 of GDP [8th of 182]
    value added > current US$ (per capita) 68.333 $ per capita [127th of 182]
value added per worker > constant 2000 US$ 154.17 constant 2000 US$ [146th of 163]
Workers per hectare 2.1 [19th of 148]
Yield > Sorghum 1.01 [16th of 20]


SOURCES
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2001; World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute; Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division, FAS, USDA; United States Department of Agriculture; Agribusiness Online; Wikipedia: International wheat production statistics ; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2000; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; The World Bank

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Transportation
 

New Page 1
Air transport, freight > million tons per km 132.6 million tons/km [55th of 153]
Air transport, passengers carried 1,667,316 [69th of 164]
    Air transport, passengers carried (per capita) 23.399 per 1,000 people [128th of 177]
Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 30,961 [61st of 164]
    Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide (per capita) 0.435 per 1,000 people [128th of 177]
Aircraft departures 28,100 [57th of 155]
    Aircraft departures (per capita) 0.384652 per 1,000 people [125th of 155]
Airports 84 [71st of 247]
    Airports (per $ GDP) 6.308 per billion $ of GDP [57th of 200]
    Airports (per capita) 1.098 per million people [208th of 234]
Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m 5 [69th of 181]
Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m 5 [55th of 139]
    Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per $ GDP) 619.042 per $1 trillion of GDP [47th of 150]
    Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per capita) 0.065 per million people [176th of 178]
    Airports > With paved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per capita) 0.0684435 per 1 million people [127th of 131]
Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m 5 [53rd of 119]
Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m 5 [70th of 158]
    Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per $ GDP) 0.619 per $1 billion of GDP [36th of 141]
    Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per capita) 0.065 per million people [146th of 156]
    Airports > With paved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per capita) 0.0684435 per 1 million people [110th of 117]
Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m 1 [97th of 117]
Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m 1 [112nd of 157]
    Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per $ GDP) 0.124 per $1 billion of GDP [78th of 133]
    Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per capita) 0.013 per million people [151st of 156]
    Airports > With paved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per capita) 0.0136887 per 1 million people [116th of 117]
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m 3 [41st of 119]
Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m 3 [58th of 157]
    Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m (per $ GDP) 371.425 per $1 trillion of GDP [32nd of 136]
    Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m (per capita) 0.039 per million people [147th of 156]
    Airports > With paved runways > Over 3047 m (per capita) 0.0410661 per 1 million people [111st of 117]
Airports > With paved runways > Total 15 [91st of 234]
    Airports > With paved runways > Total (per $ GDP) 1.051 per billion $ of GDP [76th of 179]
    Airports > With paved runways > Total (per capita) 0.196 per million people [218th of 228]
Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m 1 [96th of 129]
    Airports > With paved runways > Under 914 m (per capita) 0.013 per million people [124th of 127]
Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m 11 [33rd of 133]
Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m 13 [24th of 99]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per $ GDP) 1,609.508 per $1 trillion of GDP [24th of 118]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per capita) 0.144 per million people [95th of 130]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 1524 to 2437 m (per capita) 0.177953 per 1 million people [68th of 94]
Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m 3 [13th of 39]
Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m 5 [9th of 47]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per $ GDP) 371.425 per $1 trillion of GDP [7th of 40]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per capita) 0.0410661 per 1 million people [30th of 38]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 2438 to 3047 m (per capita) 65.349 per billion people [30th of 46]
Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m 29 [40th of 175]
Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m 27 [35th of 137]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per $ GDP) 3,466.634 per $1 trillion of GDP [40th of 152]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per capita) 0.369595 per 1 million people [106th of 130]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > 914 to 1523 m (per capita) 0.379 per million people [123rd of 170]
Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m 3 [8th of 33]
Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m 3 [7th of 25]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m (per $ GDP) 371.425 per $1 trillion of GDP [3rd of 26]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m (per capita) 0.0410661 per 1 million people [16th of 24]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Over 3047 m (per capita) 39.21 per billion people [16th of 32]
Airports > With unpaved runways > Total 69 [54th of 204]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Total (per $ GDP) 5,257.071 per trillion $ of GDP [50th of 165]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Total (per capita) 0.902 per million people [161st of 195]
Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m 21 [77th of 187]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m (per $ GDP) 1,727.323 per trillion $ of GDP [56th of 172]
    Airports > With unpaved runways > Under 914 m (per capita) 0.274 per million people [158th of 184]
Driving side of the road > Left or right Right side  
Highways > Paved 3,789 km [48th of 113]
    Highways > Paved (per capita) 0.059 km per 1,000 people [57th of 108]
Highways > Total 31,571 km [40th of 118]
    Highways > Total (per capita) 0.491 km per 1,000 people [60th of 113]
Highways > Unpaved 27,782 km [22nd of 113]
    Highways > Unpaved (per capita) 0.432 km per 1,000 people [40th of 108]
Merchant marine > By type
cargo 8, roll on/roll off 1

Merchant marine > Ships by type
cargo 5, container 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 2

Merchant marine > Total 9 [112nd of 157]
    Merchant marine > Total (per $ GDP) 0.601 per billion $ of GDP [76th of 132]
    Merchant marine > Total (per capita) 0.109 per million people [146th of 156]
Merchant marine > Total > Dwt 152,418 Dwt [94th of 157]
    Merchant marine > Total > Dwt (per $ GDP) 7.335 Dwt per million $ of GDP [59th of 129]
    Merchant marine > Total > Dwt (per capita) 1.992 Dwt per 1,000 people [137th of 156]
Merchant marine > Total > GRT 120,383 GRT [95th of 157]
    Merchant marine > Total > GRT (per $ GDP) 5.966 GRT per million $ of GDP [64th of 130]
    Merchant marine > Total > GRT (per capita) 1.573 GRT per 1,000 people [137th of 156]
Motor vehicles 1 motor vehicles per 100 p [130th of 134]

Ports and harbors
none; Ethiopia is landlocked and was by agreement with Eritrea using the ports of Assab and Massawa; since the border dispute with Eritrea flared, Ethiopia has used the port of Djibouti for nearly all of its imports

Ports and terminals
Ethiopia is landlocked and uses ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia

Rail lines > total route-km 781 km [63rd of 111]

Railways > A note
in 1998, Djibouti and Ethiopia announced plans to revitalize the century-old railroad that links their capitals and since then Ethiopia has expended considerable effort to repair and maintain the lines; in 2001, Ethiopia and Sudan agreed to build a line from Ethiopia to Port Sudan (2000 est.)

Railways > Narrow gauge 699 km 1.000-m gauge  

Railways > Note
railway under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia but remains largely inoperable

Railways > Total 699 km [102nd of 220]
    Railways > Total (per $ GDP) 52.496 km per billion $ of GDP [69th of 189]
    Railways > Total (per capita) 9.613 km per million people [128th of 218]
Railways, goods transported > million ton-km 50 million ton-km [76th of 84]
    Railways, goods transported > million ton-km (per capita) 0.944 million ton-km per 1 mi [109th of 111]
Railways, passengers carried > million passenger-km 157 million passenger-km [68th of 83]
    Railways, passengers carried > million passenger-km (per capita) 2.965 million passenger-km pe [103rd of 108]
Roads, goods transported > million ton-km 2,455.7 million ton-km [9th of 52]
    Roads, goods transported > million ton-km (per capita) 37.333 million ton-km per 1 mi [44th of 72]
Roads, passengers carried > million passenger-km 219,113 million passenger-km [4th of 33]
    Roads, passengers carried > million passenger-km (per capita) 3.331 million passenger-km pe [19th of 50]
Roads, paved > % of total roads 19.14 % [51st of 163]
Roads, total network > km 36,469 km [44th of 172]
Roadways > Paved 6,980 km [55th of 81]
Roadways > Total 36,469 km [51st of 85]
Roadways > Unpaved 29,489 km [32nd of 79]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > international
Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 independent boundary commission's delimitation decision, but demarcation has been delayed, despite intense international intervention, by Ethiopian insistence that the decision ignored "human geography," made technical errors in the delimitation, and incorrectly awarded Badme - the focus of the 1998-2000 war - and other areas to Eritrea and Eritrea's insistence on not deviating from the commission's decision; Ethiopia maintains only an administrative line and no international border with the Oromo region of southern Somalia and maintains alliances with local clans in opposition to the Transitional National Government, which lost its mandate in August 2003, in Mogadishu; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities and trade ties to landlocked Ethiopia; efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Sudan have been delayed by civil war

Travel services > % of commercial service exports 21.32 % [106th of 153]
Travel services > % of commercial service imports 6.51 % [128th of 153]
Vehicle abundance 0.09 per square km [137th of 141]
Waterways 0 km [45th of 165]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; World standards on users.pandora.be; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005 World Bank Global Development Indicators, 2001; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

Taxation
 

New Page 1
Average time to clear customs > days 4.23 days [4th of 39]
CPIA fiscal policy rating 4 [23rd of 75]
Customs and other import duties > % of tax revenue 48.4 % [5th of 82]
Customs and other import duties > current LCU 3278100000  
Net taxes on products > constant LCU 7121669000  
Net taxes on products > current LCU 8334713000  
Net taxes on products > current US$ 963,364,000 $ [74th of 159]
    Net taxes on products > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.086 $ per $1 billion of GDP [87th of 174]
    Net taxes on products > current US$ (per capita) 13.52 $ per 1 million people [123rd of 174]
Other taxes > % of revenue 0.36 % [76th of 91]
Other taxes > current LCU 45100000  
Social contributions > % of revenue 4.81 % [57th of 78]
Social contributions > current LCU 597000000  
Tax payments > number 20 [121st of 171]
    Tax payments > number (per capita) 0.281 per 1 million people [157th of 170]
Tax rates > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 72.17 % [1st of 39]
Tax revenue > % of GDP 10.81 % [79th of 98]
Tax revenue > current LCU 6773303000  
Taxes on exports > % of tax revenue 0.4 % [14th of 36]
Taxes on exports > current LCU 26800000  
Taxes on goods and services > % of revenue 12.16 % [90th of 98]
Taxes on goods and services > % value added of industry and services 4.5 % [80th of 89]
Taxes on goods and services > current LCU 1508703000  
Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > % of revenue 15.43 % [61st of 98]
Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > % of total taxes 28.27 % [55th of 98]
Taxes on income, profits and capital gains > current LCU 1914600000  
Taxes on international trade > % of revenue 26.64 % [10th of 86]
Taxes on international trade > current LCU 3304900000  
Total tax rate > % of profit 32.8 % [140th of 171]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik, Ityop'iya

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