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1) Government
 

Administrative divisions
9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western
Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador Markku Kauppinen  
Capital city Lusaka  
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 15 25 S, 28 17 E  
Capital city > Name Lusaka  
Capital city > Time difference
UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Head of Government Levy Mwanawasa  
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Title President  
Constitution
24 August 1991; amended in 1996 to establish presidential term limits
Copyright > Reference s. 12,  
Corruption 2.6 [117th of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection 50 pma  
CPIA equity of public resource use rating 3.5 [25th of 75]
CPIA quality of public administration rating 3 [28th of 75]
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Donald E. BOOTH
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
corner of Independence and United Nations Avenues, Lusaka
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [260] (211) 252-225  
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address P. O. Box 31617, Lusaka  
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [260] (211) 250-955  
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2419 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Inonge MBIKUSITA-LEWANIKA
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 332-0826  
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone
[1] (202) 265-9717 through 9719
Executive branch > Cabinet
Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Executive branch > Chief of state
President Rupiah BANDA (since 19 August 2008); Vice President George KUNDA (since 14 November 2008); note - President BANDA was acting president since the illness and eventual death of President Levy MWANAWASA on 18 August 2008, he was then elected president on 30 October 2008 to serve out the remainder of MWANAWASA's term; the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Executive branch > Election results
Rupiah BANDA elected president; percent of vote - Rupiah BANDA 40.1%, Michael SATA 38.1%, Hakainde HICHILEMA 19.7%, Godfrey MIYANDA 0.8%, other 1.3%
Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 30 October 2008 (next to be held in 2011); vice president appointed by the president; note - due to the untimely death of former President Levy MWANAWASA, early elections were held to identify a replacement to serve out the remainder of his term
Executive branch > Head of government
President Rupiah BANDA (since 19 August 2008); Vice President George KUNDA (since 14 November 2008)
Flag description
green field with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag
Flag modification 1,996 [1st of 197]
Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment September 20, 1995  
Foreign relations > Nepal > Date of Establishment September 10, 1986  
Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition October 12, 1979  
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 13.81 % [4th of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ 498,088,100 constant 2000 US$ [88th of 145]
    General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 42.687 constant 2000 US$ per c [99th of 146]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 324281500000  
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 4357160000000  
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 976,175,000 $ [99th of 169]
    General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.134 $ per $1 of GDP [85th of 184]
    General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 83.659 $ per capita [112nd of 184]
Government type republic  
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom Alistair Harrison  
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom > Resident Heads of Missions > Type High Commission  
Independence 24 October 1964 (from UK)  
Independence Day > Date October 24  
International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MONUC, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Judicial branch
Supreme Court (the final court of appeal; justices are appointed by the president); High Court (has unlimited jurisdiction to hear civil and criminal cases)
Legal origin
English
Legal system
based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly (158 seats; 150 members are elected by popular vote, 8 members are appointed by the president, to serve five-year terms)
Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MMD 72, PF 44, UDA 27, ULP 2, NDF 1, independents 2; seats not determined 2
Legislative branch > Elections
last held 28 September 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 12.96 % [1st of 38]
National holiday
Independence Day, 24 October
Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 56.52 % [1st of 38]
Political parties and leaders
All Peoples Congress Party [Winright NGONDO]; Forum for Democracy and Development or FDD [Edith NAWAKWI]; Heritage Party or HP [Godfrey MIYANDA]; Liberal Progressive Front or LPF [Roger CHONGWE]; Movement for Multiparty Democracy or MMD [Levy MWANAWASA]; National Democratic Focus or NDF; Patriotic Front or PF [Michael SATA]; Party of Unity for Democracy and Development or PUDD [Dan PULE]; Reform Party [Nevers MUMBA]; United Democratic Alliance or UDA; United Liberal Party or ULP [Sakwiba SIKOTA]; United National Independence Party or UNIP [Tilyenji KAUNDA]; United Party for National Development or UPND [Hakainde HICHILEMA]; Zambia Democratic Congress or ZADECO [Langton SICHONE]; Zambian Republican Party or ZRP [Benjamin MWILA]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 16 [92nd of 168]
    Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 1.371 per 1 million people [110th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 21 [150th of 170]
    Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 1.8 per 1 million people [122nd of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 6 [80th of 167]
    Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 514.207 per 1 billion people [95th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 14.6 % [85th of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 6 [146th of 171]
    Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 0.514 per 1 million people [122nd of 171]
Status
democracy
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Time required to build a warehouse > days 196 days [76th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 404 days [107th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 70 days [60th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 35 days [86th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 131 hours [130th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 3.1 years [64th of 151]
Total businesses registered > number 23,193 [61st of 71]
    Total businesses registered > number (per capita) 2.054 per 1 million people [60th of 83]
Trademarks, nonresidents 582 [59th of 99]
    Trademarks, nonresidents (per capita) 0.053 per 1 million people [73rd of 146]
Trademarks, residents 213 [62nd of 98]
    Trademarks, residents (per capita) 19.53 per 1 million people [80th of 142]
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
in 2004, Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary in the river; 42,250 Congolese refugees in Zambia are offered voluntary repatriation in November 2006, most of whom are expected to return in the next two years; Angolan refugees too have been repatriating but 26,450 still remain with 90,000 others from other neighboring states in 2006
United Nations mission
http://www.misanet.org/samd/ZAMBIA.html
http://www.zamnet.zm/
http://www.un.int/zambia/
Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Embassy Row  



 

SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: Commonwealth Heads of Government ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; World Development Indicators database; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Nepal ; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia: Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom ; Wikipedia: Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Zambia, Republic of Zambia


Democracy

 
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 5.52 [43rd of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 6.07 [52nd of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 6.5 [51st of 119]
Civil and political liberties 2.5 [90th of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 3.5 [40th of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 3.4 [29th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 3 [32nd of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 3.2 [39th of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 3 [27th of 75]
Electoral system first-past-the-post
Electoral system type plurality
Female candidacy 1,962 [30th of 161]
Female ministers 15.6% [51st of 125]
Female parliamentarians 12% [72nd of 157]
Female suffrage 1962
First female parliamentarian
1964 (elected and appointed)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.945456986746666 [110th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Male only
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 78.5% [47th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 1,779,610 [86th of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 39.8 [99th of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 2,267,380 [97th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 4,467,520 [74th of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 396.69 per 1,000 people [137th of 162]
Presidential elections > Invalid votes 5.3% [9th of 61]
Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 55.5% [74th of 86]
Presidential elections > Total vote 1,258,800 [69th of 87]
Presidential elections > Turnout 28.2 [77th of 82]
Presidential elections > Voter registration 2,267,380 [67th of 86]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 4,467,520 [46th of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 396.69 per 1,000 people [71st of 91]



 

SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES

Zambia, Republic of Zambia

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