Geography        0  1319 reads

1) Natural geography
 

Area > Comparative
slightly larger than Pennsylvania
Area > Comparative to US places
slightly larger than Pennsylvania
Area > Land 121,320 sq km [96th of 238]
    Area > Land (per capita) 22.05 sq km per 1,000 people [72nd of 227]
Area > Total 121,320 sq km [103rd of 250]
    Area > Total (per capita) 22.05 sq km per 1,000 people [76th of 231]
Area > Water 0 sq km [199th of 239]
    Area > Water (per capita) 0 sq km per million people [190th of 225]
Capital city with population Asmara - 400,000  

Climate
hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands

Coastline 2,234 km [64th of 271]
Elevation extremes > Highest point Soira 3,018 m  
Elevation extremes > Lowest point
near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 m
Forested Land 13.5% [134th of 193]
Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 39 00 E  

Geography > Note
strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993

Irrigated land 210 sq km [127th of 196]
    Irrigated land (per capita) 51.807 sq km per million people [126th of 167]
Land area > sq. km 101,000 km² [104th of 206]
    Land area > sq. km (per capita) 22.947 km² per 1,000 people [69th of 206]
land border lengths > D-F > Number of neighbours 3 [4th of 14]
land border lengths > D-F > Total Borders 1,626 km [6th of 14]
Land boundaries > Border countries
Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km
Land boundaries > Total 1,626 km [100th of 166]
    Land boundaries > Total (per capita) 295.528 km per million people [59th of 164]
Land use > Arable land 4.78% [151st of 258]
Land use > Other 95.19% [78th of 258]
Land use > Permanent crops 0.03% [188th of 258]
Largest city population 431,000 [122nd of 174]
    Largest city population (per capita) 0.092 per capita [126th of 174]
Largest city with population Asmara - 400,000  

Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

Map references
Africa
Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile [103rd of 191]
Natural hazards
frequent droughts; locust swarms

Natural resources
gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

northernmost point > Latitude 17°59'N  
Population density 32.84 people per sqkm [163rd of 256]
Population density > people per sq. km 43.58 people/m² [136th of 204]
Rural population density > rural population per sq. km of arable land 585.95 people/km² of arable lan [39th of 188]
Surface area > sq. km 117,600 km² [99th of 206]
    Surface area > sq. km (per capita) 26.719 km² per 1,000 people [61st of 207]
tallest mountains > Mountain Amba Soira  

Terrain
dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains


SOURCES
CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook, City Population, CIA World Factbook, World Gazetteer, Official government websites.; FAO; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of land border lengths ; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of countries by northernmost point ; Heal The World Foundation.; Wikipedia: List of tallest mountains by country

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Eritrea, State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra, Ertra

Environment
 

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Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.49 % of GNI [67th of 179]
Adjusted savings: net forest depletion > % of GNI 1.16 % of GNI [15th of 57]
Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.67 % of GNI [51st of 165]
Areas under protection 3 [135th of 146]
    Areas under protection (per capita) 0.642398 per 1 million people [122nd of 146]
CO2 Emissions 622.5 [144th of 178]
    CO2 Emissions (per capita) 0.133298 per 1,000 people [156th of 176]
CO2 emissions > kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.19 kg/PPP$ [120th of 170]
CO2 emissions > kt 699.63 kt [158th of 195]
    CO2 emissions > kt (per capita) 0.173 kt per 1,000 people [173rd of 196]
Coral reefs > Area 3,260 sq km [7th of 28]
    Coral reefs > Area (per $ GDP) 0.784786 sq km per $1 million [5th of 26]
    Coral reefs > Area (per capita) 0.698073 sq km per 1,000 people [13th of 27]
Coral reefs > Share 1.15%  
CPIA policy and institutions for environmental sustainability rating 3 [40th of 75]

Current issues
deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare

Forest area > % of land area 15.39 % of land area [132nd of 195]
Forest area > sq. km 15,540 km² [112nd of 195]
    Forest area > sq. km (per capita) 3,530.729 km² per 1,000 people [90th of 195]
Freshwater withdrawal 0.3 [101st of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Agricultural 97% [7th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Domestic 3% [107th of 124]
Freshwater withdrawal > Industrial 0% [118th of 124]
Groundwater withdrawals 0 [104th of 188]

International agreements > Party to
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

International agreements > Signed but not ratified
none of the selected agreements
Known breeding bird species 138 [122nd of 146]
    Known breeding bird species (per capita) 29.5503 per 1 million people [51st of 146]
Known mammal species 112 [77th of 145]
    Known mammal species (per capita) 23.9829 per 1 million people [34th of 145]
PM10, country level > micrograms per cubic meter 84.69 mcg/m³ [28th of 185]
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 159 [154th of 199]
Protected area 5 [78th of 147]
Threatened species 12 [126th of 158]
Threatened species > Mammal 6 [116th of 160]
Total renewable water resources 6.3 cu km [16th of 31]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; World Resources Institute; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; World Atlas of Coral Reefs accessible via United Nations Environment Program; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; ; Gregg Marland, Tom Boden, and Bob Andres, University of North Dakota, via net publication; Jacaranda Atlas; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Eritrea, State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra, Ertra


2) Human geography

Age distribution


Eritrea Population Pyramid for 1990

Age and sex distribution for the year 1990:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 1995

Age and sex distribution for the year 1995:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 2000

Age and sex distribution for the year 2000:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 2003

Age and sex distribution for the year 2003:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 2005

Age and sex distribution for the year 2005:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 2010

Age and sex distribution for the year 2010:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 2020

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020:

 

Eritrea Population Pyramid for 2050

Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050:


Source
US Census Bureau July 17, 2003

Labor
 

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CPIA building human resources rating 3.5 [29th of 75]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14 38.42 [10th of 89]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 63.87 [15th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 79.02 [43rd of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 86.43 [52nd of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 88.67 [54th of 165]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 89.99 [49th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 91.19 [38th of 167]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 90.51 [35th of 163]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 87.96 [20th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 84.76 [10th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 76.82 [12th of 166]
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 55.1 [12th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 10-14 39.07 [9th of 92]
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 61.36 [28th of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 83.22 [87th of 166]
Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 95.04 [93rd of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 96.63 [118th of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 97.18 [105th of 164]
Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 97.01 [83rd of 163]
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 96.69 [60th of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 95.08 [43rd of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 93.44 [32nd of 167]
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 89.09 [21st of 165]
Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 72.62 [16th of 162]
Economic activity > Women aged 10-14 37.76 [9th of 89]
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 66.37 [11th of 164]
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 74.87 [39th of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 77.93 [54th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 80.88 [53rd of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 82.99 [50th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 85.59 [41st of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 84.66 [33rd of 161]
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 81.05 [26th of 166]
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 76.51 [12th of 167]
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 65.57 [13th of 165]
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 40.44 [12th of 167]
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 1.5 % [39th of 86]
Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 5.4 % [36th of 86]
Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 18.6 % [23rd of 86]
Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 18.8 % [41st of 86]
Employees, services, female > % of female employment 79.9 % [15th of 86]
Employees, services, male > % of male employment 75.7 % [1st of 86]
Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 3.9 % [47th of 94]
Employment in industry > % of total employment 18.7 % [48th of 94]
Employment in services > % of total employment 77.4 % [1st of 94]
Female economic activity 74.7% [11th of 156]
Female economic activity growth -1% [116th of 156]
Firing cost > weeks of wages 69.3 weeks of wages [43rd of 164]
force participation rate, female > % of female population ages 15-64 59.84 % [82nd of 184]
force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 90.66 % [11th of 184]
force participation rate, total > % of total population ages 15-64 74.77 % [45th of 184]
force, female > % of total labor force 41.06 % [100th of 184]
force, total 1,787,313 [122nd of 184]
    force, total (per capita) 0.406 per capita [129th of 184]
Labor force > By occupation
agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 80% [2nd of 32]
Labor force > By occupation > Industry and services 20% [11th of 22]
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Date February 22, 2000  
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 14 [127th of 146]
regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 5.06 % [5th of 39]
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date February 22, 2000  
Rigidity of employment index 20 [137th of 166]
Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 32.3 % [104th of 174]
skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 40.51 % [1st of 38]
Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 19.1 % [5th of 95]
Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 15.3 % [5th of 95]
Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 16.8 % [5th of 101]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ 1,000,000 $ [134th of 149]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per $ GDP) 1.578 $ per $1,000 of GDP [110th of 166]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, paid > US$ (per capita) 0.281 $ per 1,000 people [140th of 167]
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ 3,000,000 $ [143rd of 156]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per $ GDP) 4.735 $ per $1,000 of GDP [107th of 165]
    Workers' remittances and compensation of employees, received > US$ (per capita) 0.844 $ per capita [148th of 167]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973 ; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Eritrea, State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra, Ertra

People
 

New Page 1
African countries by population density > area 121,320 [35th of 56]
African countries by population density > pop. dens. 37 [30th of 56]
African countries by population density > population 4,465,651 [35th of 56]
Age dependency ratio > dependents to working-age population 0.89 [23rd of 185]
Age structure > 0-14 years 44 % [23rd of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years 44.8 [16th of 226]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 1,178,520 [90th of 225]
Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 43% [30th of 227]
Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 1,188,496 [91st of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years 51.9 [214th of 226]
Age structure > 15-64 years 52.5 % [207th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Females 1,502,449 [120th of 225]
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 53.4% [195th of 227]
Age structure > 15-64 years > Males 1,437,653 [121st of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over 3.5 % [161st of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 105,274 [135th of 225]
Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 3.5% [165th of 227]
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 89,634 [131st of 225]
Birth rate 34.94 births/1,000 population [41st of 226]
CPIA social protection rating 3 [45th of 75]
Death rate 8.63 deaths/1,000 population [91st of 226]
Education expenditures 2.4 % of GDP [44th of 55]

Ethnic groups
Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%

Female population > Age 10-14 322,030 [95th of 224]
Female population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 6.73 [3rd of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 258,352 [106th of 224]
Female population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.4 [67th of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 221,552 [111st of 224]
Female population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.63 [79th of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 187,745 [113rd of 224]
Female population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.92 [98th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 142,251 [124th of 224]
Female population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 2.97 [193rd of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 102,463 [132nd of 224]
Female population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 2.14 [210th of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 87,806 [131st of 224]
Female population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 1.83 [212nd of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 80,245 [131st of 224]
Female population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.68 [199th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 73,232 [130th of 224]
Female population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.53 [171st of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 62,017 [130th of 224]
Female population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.3 [159th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 52,526 [125th of 224]
Female population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 1.1 [136th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 36,229 [134th of 224]
Female population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.76 [161st of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 23,471 [136th of 224]
Female population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.49 [178th of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 14,565 [135th of 224]
Female population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.3 [178th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 11,862 [135th of 224]
Female population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.25 [159th of 224]
Gender development 0.41 [129th of 141]
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Capital Asmara  
Greek diaspora > Number of Greeks in all countries > Number of ethnic Greeks
30 (est.)
Jewish population > By country > Jews > Estimated number of Jews 1 [100th of 102]
Male population > Age 10-14 324,603 [96th of 224]
Male population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 6.78 [5th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 260,742 [107th of 224]
Male population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 5.45 [72nd of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 221,688 [112nd of 224]
Male population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 4.63 [98th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 184,834 [114th of 224]
Male population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 3.86 [126th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 151,610 [124th of 224]
Male population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 3.17 [182nd of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 115,724 [128th of 224]
Male population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 2.42 [209th of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 86,887 [133rd of 224]
Male population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 1.82 [210th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 65,829 [136th of 224]
Male population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 1.38 [213rd of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 57,980 [134th of 224]
Male population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 1.21 [192nd of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 51,754 [132nd of 224]
Male population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 1.08 [173rd of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 47,105 [124th of 224]
Male population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 0.98 [138th of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 33,296 [132nd of 224]
Male population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 0.7 [148th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 23,126 [130th of 224]
Male population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.48 [159th of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 14,368 [131st of 224]
Male population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.3 [157th of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 11,322 [121st of 224]
Male population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.24 [135th of 224]
Median age > Female 18.7 years [192nd of 224]
Median age > Male 17.9 years [195th of 224]
Median age > Total 18.3 years [192nd of 224]
Nationality > Adjective Eritrean  
Nationality > Noun Eritrean(s)  
Percentage living in rural areas. 80% [13th of 193]
Percentage living in urban areas 20% [187th of 199]
Population 5,502,026 [109th of 242]
Population > CIA Factbook 5,502,026 [109th of 240]
Population ages 0-14 > % of total 44.75 % [15th of 185]
Population ages 15-64 > % of total 52.94 % [162nd of 185]
Population ages 65 and above > % of total 2.31 % [177th of 185]
Population growth > annual % 3.93 annual % [4th of 195]
Population growth rate 2.631% [31st of 235]
Population in 2015 5,840 [109th of 225]
Population, female > % of total 50.9 % [58th of 190]
Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 3 Aug 1994  
Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 20 Dec 1993  
Rural population 3,547,494 [84th of 193]
    Rural population (per capita) 0.806 per capita [15th of 194]
Rural population growth > annual % 3.54 annual % [4th of 193]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.98 [143rd of 223]
Sex ratio > 15-64 years 0.96 male(s)/female [176th of 224]
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.85 male(s)/female [73rd of 223]
Sex ratio > At birth 1.03 male(s)/female [187th of 223]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > 15–65 0.98 [150th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > at birth 1.03 [200th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > over 65 0.95 [33rd of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > total 0.99 [110th of 215]
Sex ratio > sex ratios > under 15 1.01 [192nd of 215]
Sex ratio > Total population 0.98 male(s)/female [128th of 224]
Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.01 male(s)/female [197th of 224]
Total fertility rate 4.84 children born/woman [35th of 225]
Total Population 4,786,994 [114th of 227]
Total population > Age 10-14 646,633 [95th of 224]
Total population > Age 10-14 > % of the total 13.51 [5th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 519,094 [107th of 224]
Total population > Age 15-19 > % of the total 10.84 [66th of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 443,240 [111st of 224]
Total population > Age 20-24 > % of the total 9.26 [88th of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 372,579 [113rd of 224]
Total population > Age 25-29 > % of the total 7.78 [108th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 293,861 [124th of 224]
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 6.14 [186th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 218,187 [130th of 224]
Total population > Age 35-39 > % of the total 4.56 [210th of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 174,693 [132nd of 224]
Total population > Age 40-44 > % of the total 3.65 [210th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 146,074 [135th of 224]
Total population > Age 45-49 > % of the total 3.05 [209th of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 131,212 [133rd of 224]
Total population > Age 50-54 > % of the total 2.74 [186th of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 113,771 [132nd of 224]
Total population > Age 55-59 > % of the total 2.38 [164th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 99,631 [126th of 224]
Total population > Age 60-64 > % of the total 2.08 [135th of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 69,525 [133rd of 224]
Total population > Age 65-69 > % of the total 1.45 [157th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 46,597 [135th of 224]
Total population > Age 70-74 > % of the total 0.97 [165th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 28,933 [134th of 224]
Total population > Age 75-79 > % of the total 0.6 [168th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 23,184 [129th of 224]
Total population > Age 80-84 > % of the total 0.48 [152nd of 224]
Total Population > Female 2,401,271 [115th of 227]
Total Population > Male 2,385,723 [114th of 227]
Urban population 853,863.3 [142nd of 195]
    Urban population (per capita) 0.194 per capita [180th of 196]
Urban population growth > annual % 5.6 annual % [6th of 195]
Urbanization 19 [194th of 204]
Urbanization in 1975 12.7% [149th of 164]
Urbanization in 2015 26.2% [153rd of 164]
Women > Adult literacy rate females as a % of males 66 [118th of 144]
Women > Antenatal care coverage % 49 [121st of 133]
Women > Contraceptive prevalence % 8 [159th of 170]
Women > Life expectancy females as a % of males 106 [94th of 173]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio > reported 1,000 [6th of 154]
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 630 [35th of 166]
Women > Skilled attendant at delivery % 21 [165th of 172]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of African countries by population density ; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006 ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center ; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Wikipedia: Greek diaspora ; Wikipedia: Jewish population ; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; World Development Indicators database and CIA World Factbook; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Wikipedia: Sex ratio ; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; UNICEF

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Eritrea, State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra, Ertra

Mortality
 

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Death rate, crude > per 1,000 people 10.69 per 1,000 people [57th of 195]
rate, adult, female > per 1,000 female adults 383.78 per 1,000 female adults [30th of 185]
rate, adult, male > per 1,000 male adults 455.06 per 1,000 male adults [26th of 185]
rate, infant > per 1,000 live births 50 per 1,000 live births [64th of 187]
rate, under-5 > per 1,000 78 per 1,000 [50th of 187]


SOURCES
World Development Indicators database

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Eritrea, State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra, Ertra

Immigration
 

New Page 1
immigrant population > Immigrants as percentage of state population 0.3408 [180th of 195]
immigrant population > Number of immigrants 15,000 [163rd of 195]
immigrant population > Percentage of total number of immigrants in the world >0.01%  
International migration stock > % of population 0.33 % [194th of 205]
International migration stock, total 14,612 [175th of 205]
Net migration 279,932 [14th of 180]
    Net migration (per capita) 63.601 per 1 million people [6th of 185]
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 populati [116th of 225]

Net migration rate > A note
UNHCR began repatriating about 150,000 Eritrean refugees from Sudan in 2001 following the restoration of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 2000 (2002 est.)

Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 4,418 [76th of 151]
    Refugee population by country or territory of asylum (per capita) 1,003.781 per 1 million people [67th of 162]
Refugee population by country or territory of origin 144,066 [14th of 77]
    Refugee population by country or territory of origin (per capita) 32.732 per 1 million people [6th of 77]
Refugees 4,100 [75th of 110]
    Refugees (per capita) 0.877944 per 1,000 people [63rd of 110]
Refugees > Outflow 377,000 [5th of 76]
    Refugees > Outflow (per capita) 80.7281 per 1,000 people [1st of 76]
Refugees > US acceptance rates 21 [39th of 49]
Refugees > US applications 738 [14th of 64]
    Refugees > US applications (per capita) 0.15803 per 1,000 people [7th of 63]
Refugees > US applications approved 155 [17th of 53]
    Refugees > US applications approved (per capita) 0.0331906 per 1,000 people [10th of 52]
Refugees > US applications denied 16 [26th of 41]
    Refugees > US applications denied (per capita) 0.00342612 per 1,000 people [22nd of 40]
Refugees > US applications otherwise closed 272 [9th of 39]
    Refugees > US applications otherwise closed (per capita) 0.0582441 per 1,000 people [5th of 38]
Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs 32,000 [24th of 40]
    Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs (per capita) 6.522 per 1,000 people [20th of 40]
US visa lottery winners 373 US visa lottery winners [45th of 178]
    US visa lottery winners (per capita) 79.8715 US visa lottery winners [24th of 176]


SOURCES
Wikipedia: List of countries by immigrant population ; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). 2002. Correspondence on refugees and internally displaced persons. February. Geneva.; Nationmaster.com calculations based on USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) data; United States Citizenship and Immigration Services; US Department of State: Bureau of Consular Affairs

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Eritrea, State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra, Ertra

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