Politics        0  355 reads

1) Government

 

Administrative divisions
18 regions (regions, singular - region); Batha, Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chari-Baguirmi, Guera, Hadjer-Lamis, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Kebbi Est, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat, Tandjile, Ville de N'Djamena, Wadi Fira

Administrative divisions > A note
instead of 14 prefectures, there may be a new administrative structure of 28 departments (departments, singular - department), and 1 city*; Assongha, Baguirmi, Bahr El Gazal, Bahr Koh, Batha Oriental, Batha Occidental, Biltine, Borkou, Dababa, Ennedi, Guera, Hadjer Lamis, Kabia, Kanem, Lac, Lac Iro, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Boneye, Mayo-Dallah, Monts de Lam, N'djamena*, Ouaddai, Salamat, Sila, Tandjile Oriental, Tandjile Occidental, Tibesti

Administrative divisions > Note
instead of 14 prefectures, there may be a new administrative structure of 28 departments (departments, singular - department) and 1 city*; Assongha, Baguirmi, Bahr El Gazal, Bahr Koh, Batha Oriental, Batha Occidental, Biltine, Borkou, Dababa, Ennedi, Guera, Hadjer Lamis, Kabia, Kanem, Lac, Lac Iro, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Boneye, Mayo-Dallah, Monts de Lam, N'Djamena*, Ouaddai, Salamat, Sila, Tandjile Oriental, Tandjile Occidental, Tibesti

Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador

No representation

Capital city

N'Djamena

Capital city > Geographic coordinates

12 06 N, 15 02 E

Capital city > Name

N'Djamena

Capital city > Time difference
UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution
passed by referendum 31 March 1996; a June 2005 referendum removed constitutional term limits

Corruption

1.7

[160th of 160]

countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection

Berne, TRIPS

CPIA equity of public resource use rating

3

[53rd of 75]

CPIA quality of public administration rating

2.5

[56th of 75]

Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission

Ambassador Louis NIGRO

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
Avenue Felix Eboue, N'Djamena

Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX

[235] 251-56-54

Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address

B. P. 413, N'Djamena

Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone
[235] 251-62-11, [235] 251-70-09, [235] 251-77-59

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2002 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Mahamat Adam BECHIR

Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX

[1] (202) 265-1937

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone

[1] (202) 462-4009

Executive branch > A note
government coalition - MPS, UNDR, and URD

Executive branch > Cabinet
Council of State, members appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Executive branch > Chief of state
President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY Itno (since 4 December 1990)

Executive branch > Election results
Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY Itno reelected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY 64.7%, Delwa Kassire KOUMAKOYE 15.1%, Albert Pahimi PADACKE 7.8%, Mahamat ABDOULAYE 7.1%, Brahim KOULAMALLAH 5.3%; note - a June 2005 national referendum altered the constitution removing presidential term limits and permitting Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY Itno to run for reelection

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote to serve five-year term; if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of voting; last held 3 May 2006 (next to be held by May 2011); prime minister appointed by the president

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Youssof Saleh ABBAS (since 16 April 2008)

Flag description
three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; note; similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the flags of Andorra and Moldova, both of which have a national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of France

Flag modification

6

[157th of 197]

Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment

September 17, 1999

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition

July 4, 1980

General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth

3.62 %

[53rd of 147]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

128,569,300 constant 2000 US$

[109th of 145]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

13.188 constant 2000 US$ per c

[112nd of 146]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU

76565900000

General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU

142392000000

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

270,422,500 $

[126th of 169]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.049 $ per $1 of GDP

[142nd of 184]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

27.739 $ per capita

[134th of 184]

Government type

republic

Independence
11 August 1960 (from France)

Independence Day > Date

August 11

International organization participation
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Magistrate Courts

Legal origin
French

Legal system
based on French civil law system and Chadian customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly (155 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); note - the 1996 constitution called for a Senate that has never been formed

Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MPS 110, RDP 12, FAR 9, RNDP 5, UNDR 5, URD 3, other 11

Legislative branch > Elections
National Assembly - last held 21 April 2002 (next to be held by 2009); note - legislative elections, originally scheduled for 2006, were first delayed by National Assembly action and subsequently by an accord, signed in August 2007, between government and opposition parties

National holiday
Independence Day, 11 August

Parliamentary seats > Female

2%

[130th of 143]

political parties > Dominant party

Political parties and leaders
Federation Action for the Republic or FAR [Ngarledjy YORONGAR]; National Rally for Development and Progress or RNDP [Delwa Kassire KOUMAKOYE]; National Union for Democracy and Renewal or UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO]; Party for Liberty and Development or PLD [Ibni Oumar Mahamat SALEH]; Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS [Mahamat Saleh AHMAT, chairman]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Lol Mahamat CHOUA]; Union for Renewal and Democracy or URD [Gen. Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE]

Political pressure groups and leaders

rebel groups

Prime minister

Pascal Yoadimnadji

Procedures to build a warehouse > number

16

[99th of 168]

Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

1.641 per 1 million people

[103rd of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number

52

[14th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

5.334 per 1 million people

[75th of 171]

Procedures to register property > number

6

[79th of 167]

Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

615.452 per 1 billion people

[86th of 167]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

6.5 %

[149th of 174]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number

19

[2nd of 171]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

1.949 per 1 million people

[65th of 171]

Status

pseudo-democracy

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Time required to build a warehouse > days

199 days

[74th of 168]

Time required to enforce a contract > days

743 days

[29th of 171]

Time required to register property > days

44 days

[95th of 167]

Time required to start a business > days

75 days

[23rd of 171]

Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

122 hours

[135th of 169]

Time to resolve insolvency > years

10 years

[1st of 151]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
since 2003, Janjawid armed militia and the Sudanese military have driven hundreds of thousands of Darfur residents into Chad; Chad remains an important mediator in the Sudanese civil conflict, reducing tensions with Sudan arising from cross-border banditry; Chadian Aozou rebels reside in southern Libya; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty, which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries

UN membership date

20 Sep. 1960

United Nations mission
http;//www.chadembassy.org/site/index.cfm

SOURCES All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia; List of Ambassadors from Finland ; Transparency International; Wikipedia; List of countries' copyright length ; World Development Indicators database; Flagspot; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; Wikipedia; Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia; List of political parties ; Wikipedia; Prime minister ; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Chad, Republic of Chad, Republique du Tchad, Tchad

Democracy

 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006

3.24

[100th of 118]

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006

3.86

[97th of 119]

Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation

3.53

[96th of 119]

Civil and political liberties

1.5

[105th of 140]

CPIA gender equality rating

2.5

[71st of 75]

CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average

2.8

[63rd of 75]

CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating

2

[67th of 75]

CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average

2.4

[68th of 75]

CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating

2

[73rd of 75]

Electoral system

two-round system

Electoral system type

majority

Female candidacy

1,958

[44th of 161]

Female ministers

5.1%

[105th of 125]

Female parliamentarians

2.4%

[145th of 157]

Female suffrage

1958

First female parliamentarian

1962 (elected)

Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment

0.669253837087669

[147th of 183]

Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality

No

Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes

3.3%

[42nd of 110]

Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout

50.1%

[137th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Total vote

881,346

[105th of 154]

Parliamentary elections > Turnout

25.6

[109th of 117]

Parliamentary elections > Voter registration

1,757,880

[100th of 152]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population

3,437,910

[84th of 163]

Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita)

356.002 per 1,000 people

[152nd of 162]

Presidential elections > Invalid votes

2.8%

[20th of 61]

Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout

61.1%

[61st of 86]

Presidential elections > Total vote

2,487,220

[43rd of 87]

Presidential elections > Turnout

70

[41st of 82]

Presidential elections > Voter registration

4,069,100

[45th of 86]

Presidential elections > Voting age population

3,552,530

[53rd of 91]

Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita)

367.871 per 1,000 people

[84th of 91]

Vote counting technology

manual


SOURCES Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http//www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York; Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source; Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia; Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Chad, Republic of Chad, Republique du Tchad, Tchad

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