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1) Government
 

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MOTSWANA -BATSWANA GOVERNMENT STATS

Administrative divisions
9 districts and 5 town councils*; Central, Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi, Jwaneng*, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse*, Northeast, Northwest, Selebi-Pikwe*, Southeast, Southern

Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador Heikki Tuunanen
Capital city Gaborone
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 24 45 S, 25 55 E
Capital city > Name Gaborone
Capital city > Time difference
UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Head of Government Festus Mogae
Commonwealth Heads of Government > Current Heads > Title President
Constitution
March 1965, effective 30 September 1966
Copyright > Reference
Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act, Act No. 8 of 2000
Corruption 5.9 [35th of 160]
countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection Berne, TRIPS, WCT
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Stephen J. NOLAN
Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
Embassy Enclave (off Khama Crescent), Gaborone
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [267] 395-6947
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address
Embassy Enclave, P. O. Box 90, Gaborone
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [267] 395-3982
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
1531-1533 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Lapologang Caesar LEKOA
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 244-4164
Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 244-4990
Executive branch > Cabinet
Cabinet appointed by the president

Executive branch > Chief of state
President Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 1 April 2008); Vice President Mompati MERAFHE (since 1 April 2008); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Executive branch > Election results
Festus G. MOGAE elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52%

Executive branch > Elections
president indirectly elected for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 20 October 2004 (next to be held in October 2009); vice president appointed by the president

Executive branch > Head of government
President Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 1 April 2008); Vice President Mompati MERAFHE (since 1 April 2008)

Flag description
light blue with a horizontal white-edged black stripe in the center

Flag modification 30 [13th of 197]
Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition May 14, 1980
General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth 9.46 % [20th of 147]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ 1,680,271,000 constant 2000 US$ [77th of 145]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita) 948.765 constant 2000 US$ per c [40th of 146]
General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU 6067296000
General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU 12988380000
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ 2,541,558,000 $ [72nd of 169]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP) 0.246 $ per $1 of GDP [15th of 184]
General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita) 1,440.037 $ per capita [33rd of 184]
Government type parliamentary republic
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom
Frank Martin
Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom > Resident Heads of Missions > Type High Commission
Independence
30 September 1966 (from UK)
Independence Day > Date September 30

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, C, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
High Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrates' Courts (one in each district)

Legal origin
English

Legal system
based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

Legislative branch
bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Chiefs (a largely advisory 15-member body with 8 permanent members consisting of the chiefs of the principal tribes, and 7 non-permanent members serving 5-year terms, consisting of 4 elected subchiefs and 3 members selected by the other 12 members) and the National Assembly (63 seats, 57 members are directly elected by popular vote, 4 are appointed by the majority party, and 2, the President and Attorney-General, serve as ex-officio members; members serve five-year terms)

Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - BDP 51.7%, BNF 26.1%, BCP 16.6%, other 5%; seats by party - BDP 44, BNF 12, BCP 1

Legislative branch > Elections
National Assembly elections last held 30 October 2004 (next to be held in October 2009)

Management time dealing with officials > % of management time 4.96 % [21st of 38]

National holiday
Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30 September

Parliamentary seats > Female 9% [71st of 143]
Policy uncertainty > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 0.7 % [20th of 38]
political parties > Dominant party

Political parties and leaders
Botswana Alliance Movement or BAM [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; Botswana Congress Party or BCP [Otlaadisa KOOSALETSE]; Botswana Democratic Party or BDP [Festus G. MOGAE]; Botswana National Front or BNF [Otswoletse MOUPO]; Botswana Peoples Party or BPP; MELS Movement of Botswana or MELS; New Democratic Front or NDF; note: a number of minor parties joined forces in 1999 to form the BAM but did not capture any parliamentary seats - includes the United Action Party [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; the Independence Freedom Party or IFP [Motsamai MPHO]; the Botswana Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]

Political parties and leaders > A note
a number of minor parties joined forces in 1999 to form the BAM but did not capture any parliamentary seats; the BAM parties are: the United Action Party [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO], the Independence Freedom Party or IFP [Motsamai MPHO], and the Botswana Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]

Political parties and leaders > Note
a number of minor parties joined forces in 1999 to form the BAM but did not capture any parliamentary seats - includes the United Action Party [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; the Independence Freedom Party or IFP [Motsamai MPHO]; the Botswana Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]

Political pressure groups and leaders
First People of the Kalahari (Bushman organization); Pitso Ya Ba Tswana; Society for the Promotion of Ikalanga Language (Kalanga elites)

Political pressure groups and leaders > Other diamond mining companies
Procedures to build a warehouse > number 24 [20th of 168]
Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita) 13.032 per 1 million people [31st of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number 26 [126th of 170]
Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita) 14.731 per 1 million people [40th of 171]
Procedures to register property > number 4 [133rd of 167]
Procedures to register property > number (per capita) 2,266.384 per 1 billion people [40th of 167]
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > % 11.1 % [112nd of 174]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number 11 [47th of 171]
Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita) 6.233 per 1 million people [34th of 171]

Status
democracy

Suffrage
18 years of age; universal

Time required to build a warehouse > days 169 days [98th of 168]
Time required to enforce a contract > days 501 days [78th of 171]
Time required to register property > days 30 days [120th of 167]
Time required to start a business > days 108 days [12th of 171]
Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours 140 hours [126th of 169]
Time to resolve insolvency > years 1.3 years [132nd of 151]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
Botswana still struggles to seal its border from thousands of Zimbabweans who flee economic collapse and political persecution; Namibia has long supported, and in 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to, plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River at Kazungula crossing, thereby de facto recognizing the short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary

UN membership date 17 Oct. 1966

United Nations mission
http://www.gov.bw/government/department_of_foreign_affairs.html

Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood Dupont Circle


SOURCES
All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia: Commonwealth Heads of Government ; Wikipedia: List of countries' copyright length ; Transparency International; Flagspot; Wikipedia: Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: Heads of Missions from the United Kingdom ; Wikipedia: Independence Day ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wikipedia: List of political parties ; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; electionworld.org; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia: List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Botswana, Republic of Botswana

Democracy
 

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MOTSWANA -BATSWANA DEMOCRACY STATS
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 7.44 [3rd of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 7.98 [16th of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 8.45 [17th of 119]
Civil and political liberties 5 [38th of 140]
Electoral system first-past-the-post
Electoral system type plurality
Female candidacy 1,965 [20th of 161]
Female parliamentarians 17% [47th of 157]
Female suffrage 1965
First female parliamentarian 1979 (elected)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.982517075133595 [65th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes
Parliamentary elections > Invalid votes 4.9% [25th of 110]
Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 77.1% [48th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Total vote 354,463 [123rd of 154]
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 42 [98th of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 459,662 [120th of 152]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 844,338 [123rd of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 514.84 per 1,000 people [98th of 162]
Vote counting technology manual


SOURCES
Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http://www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York: Freedom House, 2001; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995: A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source: Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

ALTERNATIVE NAMES
Botswana, Republic of Botswana

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